Finite Element Modeling for Clamping Stresses Developed in Hot-Driven Steel Structural Riveted Connections
A three-dimensional finite element model is developed to capture the stress field generated in connected plates during the installation of hot-driven rivets. Clamping stress is generated when a steel rivet heated to approximately 1000 °C comes in contact with the material to be fastened at ambient temperature. As the rivet cools, thermal contraction subjects the rivet into tensile stress, while the material being fastened is subjected to compressive stress. Model characteristics and assumptions, as well as steel properties variation with respect to temperature are discussed. The thermal stresses developed around the rivet hole are assessed and reported. Results from the analysis are utilized to detect possible regions for fatigue crack propagation under cyclic loads.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1130481Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 996
 J. F. Unsworth, "Heavy Axle Load (HAL) Effects on Fatigue Life of Steel Bridges," presented at the TRB 2003 Annual Meeting, 2003.
 G. A. Maney, "Clamping force, the Silent Partner in Riveted-Joint Dependability," Fasteners, vol. 1, pp. 10-13, 1944.
 J. M. M. Out, J. W. Fisher, and B. T. Yen, "Fatigue strength of weathered and deteriorated riveted members, October 1984. (DOT/OST/P-34/85/016) 138p," Fritz Laboratory Reports 2282, 1984.
 Y. Zhou, "Fatigue strength evaluation of riveted bridge members," Degree of Doctor of Philosophy in Civil Engineering, Civil Engineering, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, 1994.
 E. A. Al-Bahkali, "Finite Element Modeling for Thermal Stresses Developed in Riveted and Rivet-Bonded Joints," International Journal of Engineering & Technology IJET-IJENS, vol. 11, pp. 86-92, 2011.
 A. De Jesus, J. Da Silva, A. Da Silva, and A. Fernandes, "Fatigue Behavior of Riveted and Bolted Connections Made of Puddle Iron - Part II: Numerical Investigation," presented at the 21st Brazilian Congress of Mechanical Engineering, Natal, Brazil, 2011.
 Simulia. Abaqus/CAE 6.14 Documentation (Online).
 E. C. f. Standardization, "Eurocode 3: Design of steel structures," in Part 1-2: General Rules - Structural Fire Design, ed. Brussels, April 2005, pp. 23-26.
 J. W. Fisher, G. L. Kulak, and I. F. C. Smith, "A Fatigue Primer for Structural Engineers," N. S. B. Alliance, Ed., ed, 1998.
 G. Glinka, "Effect of Residual Stresses on Fatigue Crack Growth in Steel Weldments under Constant and Variable Amplitude Loads," Fracture Mechanics, ASTM STP 677, American Society for Testing and Materials, pp. 198-214, 1979.
 AREMA, "Manual for Railway Engineering," in Chapter 15: Steel Structures, ed, 2015.