Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 32586
Implementation of Geo-Crowdsourcing Mobile Applications in e-Government of V4 Countries: A State-of-the-Art Survey

Authors: Barbora Haltofová


In recent years, citizens have become an important source of geographic information and, therefore, geo-crowdsourcing, often known as volunteered geographic information, has provided an interesting alternative to traditional mapping practices which are becoming expensive, resource-intensive and unable to capture the dynamic nature of urban environments. In order to address a gap in research literature, this paper deals with a survey conducted to assess the current state of geo-crowdsourcing, a recent phenomenon popular with people who collect geographic information using their smartphones. This article points out that there is an increasing body of knowledge of geo-crowdsourcing mobile applications in the Visegrad countries marked by the ubiquitous Internet connection and the current massive proliferation of smartphones. This article shows how geo-crowdsourcing can be used as a complement, or in some cases a replacement, to traditionally generated sources of spatial data and information in public management. It discusses the new spaces of citizen participation constructed by these geo-crowdsourcing practices.

Keywords: Citizen participation, geo-crowdsourcing, e-government, participatory mapping, mobile applications.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1020


[1] S. Royo, A. Yetano, “Crowdsourcing” as a tool for e-participation: two experiences regarding CO2 emissions at municipal level. Electronic Commerce Research, 2015. 15(3): p. 323-348.
[2] C. Gouveia, A. Fonseca, New approaches to environmental monitoring: the use of ICT to explore volunteered geographic information. GeoJournal, 2008. 72(3-4): p. 185-197.
[3] M. F. Goodchild, Citizens as sensors: the world of volunteered geography. GeoJournal, 2007. 69(4): p. 211-221.
[4] D. Sui, M. Goodchild, S. Elwood, Volunteered geographic information, the exaflood, and the growing digital divide, in Crowdsourcing geographic knowledge. 2013, Springer. p. 1-12.
[5] L. See, et al., Crowdsourcing, citizen science or volunteered geographic information? The current state of crowdsourced geographic information. ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information, 2016. 5(5): p. 55.
[6] A. Turner, Introduction to neogeography. 2006: „O’Reilly Media, Inc.".
[7] M. Haklay, Citizen Science and volunteered geographic information: Overview and typology of participation, in Crowdsourcing geographic knowledge. 2013, Springer. p. 105-122.
[8] D. Z. Sui, S. Elwood, and M. F. Goodchild. Crowdsourcing geographic knowledge volunteered geographic information (VGI) in theory and practice. 2013; Available from:
[9] J. G. Benner, H. A. Karimi, Geo-crowdsourcing, in advanced location-based technologies and services. 2013, CRC Press. p. 145-164.
[10] M. Goetz, A. Zipf, The evolution of geo-crowdsourcing: bringing volunteered geographic information to the third dimension, in Crowdsourcing geographic knowledge. 2013, Springer. p. 139-159.
[11] J. Howe, The Rise of Crowdsourcing - Forget outsourcing. The new source of cheap labor is everyday people using their spare cycles to create content, solve problems, even do RD. Wired., 2006. 14(6): p. 176.
[12] Y. Zhao, Q. Zhu, Evaluation on crowdsourcing research: Current status and future direction. Information Systems Frontiers, 2014. 16(3): p. 417-434.S. P. Bingulac, “On the compatibility of adaptive controllers (Published Conference Proceedings style),” in Proc. 4th Annu. Allerton Conf. Circuits and Systems Theory, New York, 1994, pp. 8–16.
[13] K. Cupido, J. Ophoff. A Conceptual Model of Critical Success Factors for an e‐Government Crowdsourcing Solution. in Proceedings of the 14th European Conference on e-Government: ECEG 2014. 2014. Academic Conferences Limited.
[14] S. S. Kanhere, Participatory sensing: Crowdsourcing data from mobile smartphones in urban spaces. In Mobile Data Management (MDM), 2011 12th IEEE International Conference on. 2011. IEEE.
[15] D. Havlik, G. Schimak, State and trends in mobile observation applications. 2014.
[16] M. N. Fienen, C. S. Lowry, Social. Water—A crowdsourcing tool for environmental data acquisition. Computers & Geosciences, 2012. 49: p. 164-169.
[17] Citysourced. Find and report civic issues around you. 2009; Available from:
[18] N. Liu, X. Chen. Contribution-Based Incentive Design for Mobile Crowdsourcing. in Management of e-Commerce and e-Government (ICMeCG), 2014 International Conference on. 2014.
[19] R. Vragov, N. Kumar, The impact of information and communication technologies on the costs of democracy. ELERAP Electronic Commerce Research and Applications, 2013. 12(6): p. 440-448.
[20] E. Seltzer, D. Mahmoudi, Citizen Participation, Open Innovation, and Crowdsourcing: Challenges and Opportunities for Planning. J. Plann. Lit. Journal of Planning Literature, 2013. 28(1): p. 3-18.
[21] A. J. Flanagin, M. J. Metzger, The credibility of volunteered geographic information. GeoJournal, 2008. 72(3-4): p. 137-148.
[22] M. F. Goodchild, L. Li, Assuring the quality of volunteered geographic information. Spatial statistics, 2012. 1: p. 110-120.
[23] M. Haklay, et al., Crowdsourced geographic information use in government. 2014: World Bank Publications.
[24] C. Shirky, Here comes everybody: The power of organizing without organizations. 2008: Penguin.
[25] S. Elwood, M. F. Goodchild, and D. Z. Sui, Researching volunteered geographic information: Spatial data, geographic research, and new social practice. Annals of the association of American geographers, 2012. 102(3): p. 571-590.
[26] J. Sowmya, H. S. Pyarali, the Effective Use of Crowdsourcing in E-Governance. 2014, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore. Accessed January.
[27] M. Kubásek, J. Hřebíček. Involving Citizens into Mapping of Illegal Landfills and other civic issues in the Czech Republic. in 7th International Congress on Environmental Modelling and Software. 2014. San Diego, California, USA: iEMSS.
[28] M. Kubásek, J. Hřebíček, Crowdsource Approach for Mapping of Illegal Dumps in the Czech Republic. IJSDIR, 2013. 8: p. 144-157.
[29] J. Brus, J. Vrkoč, and M. Kubásek, Design of decision support tools for the quality assessment of illegal dumping notifications based on crowd-sourced data. 2016.
[30] B. Haltofová, The use of geocrowdsourcing to report civic issues in the Czech Republic: a comparative analysis of geocrowdsourcing mobile applications. In International Conference Finance and Performance of Firms in Science, Education and Practice. 2017. Zlín: Tomas Bata University in Zlín.
[31] M. Czepkiewicz, Systemy informacji geograficznej w partycypacyjnym zarządzaniu przyrodą w mieście. Zrównoważony Rozwój–Zastosowania, 2013. 4: p. 120.
[32] G. Henryk, Efektywność partycypacyjnych instrumentów zarządzania miastem. Ruch Prawniczy, Ekonomiczny i Socjologiczny, 2015. 77(1 Problemy rozwoju współczesnego miasta/Developmental issue of a contemporary city): p. 273-286.
[33] A. Miłosz, B. Peek, Mapowanie i analiza miejsc problemowych z perspektywy rowerzystów w Krakowie. Transport Miejski i Regionalny, 2014(9): p. 10--14.
[34] A. Szelągowska, Miasta 2.0 we współczesnej gospodarce. Zarządzanie i Finanse, 2014(4): p. 407-420.
[35] M. Alikhani, A GIS-based crowdsourcing iPhone Application to Report Neccessities, Civic Issues, and Public Events, in Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management. 2011, University of Gavle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development: Gavle. p. 50.
[36] A. Sharma, Crowdsourcing Critical Success Factor Model: Strategies to harness the collective intelligence of the crowd. London School of Economics (LSE), London, 2010.
[37] Y. Sun, et al., Understanding the relationships between motivators and effort in crowdsourcing marketplaces: A nonlinear analysis. International Journal of Information Management, 2015. 35(3): p. 267-276.
[38] M. Pratt, Improving Citizen Engagement, GIS fosters participation. 2011; Available from:
[39] K. Jordan. 10 Easy Steps to a User Friendly Website. 2004; Available from: