Vietnamese Indigenous Healing’s Implication for Vietnamese Women Counseling in Korea
Authors: Youngsub Oh, Youngsoon Kim
As the second largest group among international marriages in Korea, Vietnamese married immigrant women have been exposed to psychological crisis like divorce and family violence. The purpose of this study is to understand how to counsel those women from the perspective of indigenous healing as their own psychological problem-solving way. To this end, this study reviewed Vietnamese cultural literatures on their mentality as well as Vietnamese medical literatures on indigenous healing. The research results are as follows: First, cultural foundations that have formed Vietnamese mentality are Confucian value system, reserved communication, and religious pluralism. These cultural backgrounds play an important role in understanding their own therapeutic tradition. Second, Vietnamese indigenous healing considers cause of mental disease as a collapse of balance between mind and body and environment. Thus, indigenous treatment deals with psychological problems through a recovery of the balance from the holistic perspective. In fact, indigenous healing has been actively practiced in everyday place as well as hospital until today. The implications of Vietnamese indigenous healing for multicultural counseling in Korea are as follows: First, Korean counselors need to interactively understand their own assumptions on indigenous healing as well as counselees’ own assumptions. Second, a variety of psychological intervention strategies can be drawn from Vietnamese indigenous healing. Third, indigenous healing needs to be integrated with modern techniques of counseling and psychotherapy, as both treatments are not mutually exclusive but complementary.
Keywords: Indigenous healing, Vietnamese married immigrant women in Korea, multicultural counseling.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1130463Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 992
 Statistics Korea. Current status of married immigrants. Retrieved from http://www.index.go.kr/potal/main/EachDtlPageDetail.do?idx_cd=2819, February. 2, 2017.
 Danuri. Divorce rate of multicultural couples. Retrieved from http://www.liveinkorea.kr/homepage/kr/multidata/statisticsFamily.asp?language=KR&mc=M0031.
 Danuri. Danuri call center’s counseling statistics. Retrieved from http://www.liveinkorea.kr/homepage/kr/multidata/statisticsCenterView.asp?num=2138057&mc=M0040&pzt=mb&lng=kr&cc=mfsc&id=2447&gr=&sn=&sw=&sdate=®ion=&pg=2, February 2, 2017.
 D. W. Sue & D. Sue, Counseling the Culturally Diverse: Theory and Practice. New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, 2016.
 M. McIntyre, “Counselling and native healing,” Asian Journal of Counselling, IV (1&2), 1996, pp.87-100.
 P. Greenfield, “Three approaches to the culture: where do they come from? where can they go?” Asian Journal of Social Psychology, vol. 3, 2000, pp.223-240.
 S. Gold, “Mental health and illness in Vietnamese refugees,” The Western Journal of Medicine, vol. 157, Sep. 1992, pp.290-294.
 D. Kinzie, “Cultural aspects of psychiatric treatment with Indochinese refugees,” The American Journal of Social Psychiatry, vol. 5, 1985, pp.47-53.
 World Health Organization, Department of Essential Drugs and Medicines Policy, Traditional Medicine. (2000). General Guidelines for Methodologies on Research and Evaluation of Traditional Medicine. Retrieved from http://who.int/medicines/areas/traditional/definitions/en/, Jan. 2, 2017.
 A. K. Das, “Indigenous models of therapy in traditional Asian societies,” Journal of Multicultural Counseling and Development, vol.15, 1987, pp.25-37.
 C. C. Lee, M. Y. Oh, and A. R. Mountcastie, “Indigenous models of helping in nonwestern Countries: Implications for multicultural counseling,” Journal of Multicultural Counseling & Development, vol.20, no.1, pp.3-10, January 1992.
 P. C. Hunt, An Introduction to Vietnamese Culture for Rehabilitation Service Providers in the U.S. In J. H. Stone (Ed.), CIRRIE Monograph Series. Buffalo, NY: The Center for International Rehabilitation Research Information and Exchange, 2002.
 Y. S. Kim, V. H. Nguyen, Y. H. Oh, J. M. Kim, T. C. Nguyen, X. H. Nguyen, Odyssey of Vietnamese Culture. Kunggi, Korea: Book Korea, 2013.
 T. Phan, and D. Silove, “An overview of indigenous descriptions of mental phenomena and the range of traditional healing practices amongst the Vietnamese,” Transcultural Psychiatry, vol. 36, no. 1, pp.79-94, March 1999.
 H. C. Thai, Traditional Vietnamese medicine: historical perspective and current usage. Retrieved from https://ethnomed.org/clinical/traditional-medicine, February 2, 2017.
 J. Y. Lee, “A study of the recognition of health indigenous knowledge in the Vietnamese people,” unpublished master’s thesis, Pusan National University, South-Korea, 2016.
 C. Q. Truong, “Research and Development of Traditional Medicine in Vietnam,” Korea Institute of Oriental Medicine Research Report, vol. 10, 2016, pp.25-50.
 World Health Organization & the Ministry of Health, Viet Nam. Health service delivery profile: Vietnam 2012. Retrieved from http://www.wpro.who.int/health_services/health_service_delivery_profiles/en/, February 2, 2017.
 J. H. Kwon, S. W. Lee, and J. H. Yoo “Groping for the Direction of Development from the Comparison of Traditional Medicine between Korea and Vietnam,” Journal of the Korea Contents Association, vol.15, no.2, 2015, pp.370-376.