Commenced in January 2007
Paper Count: 30988
Theoretical Analysis of Self-Starting Busemann Intake Family
Abstract:In this work, startability of the Busemann intake family with weak/strong conical shock, as most efficient intakes, via overboard mass spillage method is theoretically analyzed. Masterix and Candifix codes are used to numerically simulate few models of this type of intake and verify the theoretical results. Portions of the intake corresponding to various flow capture angles are considered to have mass spillage in the starting process of this intake. This approach allows for overboard mass spillage via a V-shaped slot with the tip of V coinciding with the focal point of the Busemann flow. The theoretical results, achieved using two different theories, of self-started Busemann takes with weak/strong conical shock show that significant improve in intake startability using overboard spillage technique. The starting phenomena of Busemann intakes with weak conical shock and seven different capture angles are numerically simulated at freestream Mach number of 3 to find the minimum area ratios of self-started intakes. The numerical results confirm the theoretical ones achieved by authors.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1130087Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 764
 D. M. Van Wie, F. T. Kwok, and R. F. Walsh, “Starting characteristics of supersonic inlets,” AIAA Paper 96-2914, AIAA, 1996.
 C. G. Rodriguez, “CFD analysis of the CIAM/NASA scramjet,” AIAA 2002-4128, AIAA, 2002.
 L. Yue, L. Chen, Y.Xiao, P. Gong, and X. Chang, “Research on three-dimensional scramjet inlet,” AIAA Paper 2006-9141, AIAA, 2006.
 Y. Wang, J. Liang, X. Fan, W. Liu, and Z. Wang, “Investigation on the unstarted flowfield of a three dimensional sidewall compression hypersonic inlet," AIAA Paper 2009-7404, AIAA, 2009.
 K. E. Hutchins, M. R. Akella, N. T. Clemens, and J. M. Donbar, “Detection and transient dynamics modeling of experimental hypersonic inlet unstart,” AIAA 2012-2808, AIAA, 25-28 June 2012.
 A. Kantrowitz, and C. Donaldson, “Preliminary investigation of supersonic diffusers,” Advance Confidential Report L5D20, NACA, 1945.
 A. Kantrowitz, “The formation and stability of normal shock waves in channel flows,” Technical Note 1225, NACA, 1947.
 X. Veillard, R. Tahir, E. Timofeev, and S. Molder, “Limiting contractions for starting simple ramp-type scramjet intakes with overboard spillage,” AIAA Journal of Propulsion and Power, vol. 24, no. 5, 2008, pp. 1042-1049.
 B. Sun, and K. Zhang, “Empirical equation for selfstarting limit of supersonic inlets,” Journal of Propulsion and Power Technical Notes, vol.26, no. 4, Mar. 2010, pp. 874 -875.
 O. M. Hohn, and A. Gulhan, “Analysis of a three-dimensional, high pressure ratio scramjet inlet with variable internal contraction,” AIAA 2012-5975, AIAA, 24-28 Sep. 2012.
 N. Moradian, and E. Timofeev, “Limiting contractions for starting Prandtl-Meyer- type scramjet inlets with overboard spillage,” In: Kontis, K. (Ed.), 28th International Symposium on Shock Waves, (Manchester, UK, 17-22 July, 2011), Springer, 2012, vol. 2, pp. 307-312.
 N. Moradian, and E. Timofeev, “Numerical modeling of supersonic inlets with improved starting characteristics via overboard spillage,” In: Proceedings of the 19th Annual Conference of the CFD Society of Canada, Montreal, Quebec, April 27-29, 2011, 6 pages.
 M. R. Rosli, M. Takahashi, T. Sato, T. Kojima, H. Taguchi, and Y. Maru, “Streamline tracing technique based design of elliptical-to-rectangular transitioning hypersonic inlet,” AIAA-2013-2665, AIAA, 2013.
 S. Molder, and E. J. Szpiro, “Busemann inlet for hypersonic speeds,” AIAA Journal of Spacecraft and Rockets, vol. 3, no. 8, August 1966, pp. 1303-1304.
 A. Busemann, “Drucke auf kegelformige spitzen bei bewegung mit uberschallgeschwindigkeit,” Ztscr.f. angew. Math. und Mech., vol. 9, no. 6, Dec. 1929, pp. 496-498.
 I. Taylor., and J. W. Maccoll, “The air pressure on a cone moving at high speeds,” Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, vol. 139, 1933, pp. 278-311.
 S. Molder, “A benchmark for internal flow CFD codes,” Computational fluid dynamics Journal, vol. 12, No. 2, 2003, p. 47.
 S. Molder, Curved aerodynamic shock waves, PhD thesis, Jan. 2012.
 A. Busemann, “Die achsensymmetrische kegelige uberschallstromung,” Luftfahrtforschung, vol. 19, no. 4, 1944, pp. 137-144.
 D. M. Van Wie, and S. Molder, “Application of Busemann intake designs for flight at hypersonic speeds,” AIAA Paper 92-1210, AIAA, 1992.
 F. S. Billig, R. A. Baurle, C-J Tam, and S. F. Wornom, “Design and analysis of streamline traced hypersonic inlets,” AIAA Paper 99-4974, AIAA, Nov. 1999.
 V. Ramasubramanian, R. Sarkey, and M. Lewis, “An euler numerical study of Busemann and quasi-Busemann hypersonic inlets,” AIAA-2008-66, AIAA, Jan 2008.
 Masterix, Two-dimensional, multi-block, multi-gas, adaptive, unstructured mesh, unsteady and steady-state, CFD software. Software Package, Ver. 126.96.36.19918, RBT Consultants, Toronto, ON, 2010-2013.
 Candifix, Three-dimensional, multi-gas, adaptive, unstructured mesh, time-accurate unsteady, CFD software. Software Package, Ver. 1.10.0065, RBT Consultants, Toronto, ON, 2010-2013.
 E. F. Toro, Riemann solvers and numerical methods for fluid dynamics – A practical introduction, Springer, 2nd edition, 1999.
 T. Saito, P. Voinovich, E. Timofeev, and K. Takayama, Development and application of high-resolution adaptive numerical techniques in shock wave research center in: Godunov methods: Theory and applications, Edited Review, E.F. Toro (Ed.), Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, New York, USA, 2001, pp. 763-784.
 OpenCASCADE, Getting started, http://www.opencascade.org/org/gettingstarted/.
 Netgen, Installation and requisite libraries, http://sourceforge.net/apps/mediawiki/netgenmesher/index.php?title=Installwindows.
 Renderix, One-, two-, and three-dimensional, structured and unstructured data visualization software for Windows R. Software Package, Ver. 1.1.723, RBT Consultants, Toronto, ON, 2010-2013.
 S. Molder, and J. M. Romeskie , “Modular hypersonic intakes with conical flow,” AGARD Conference Proceedings, no. 30, 1968.
 R. Tahir, S. Molder, and E. Timofeev, “Unsteady starting of high Mach number air intakes -- A CFD Study, ” AIAA Paper 2003-5191, AIAA, 2003.