A Robust Hybrid Blind Digital Image Watermarking System Using Discrete Wavelet Transform and Contourlet Transform
In this paper, a hybrid blind digital watermarking system using Discrete Wavelet Transform (DWT) and Contourlet Transform (CT) has been implemented and tested. The implemented combined digital watermarking system has been tested against five common types of image attacks. The performance evaluation shows improved results in terms of imperceptibility, robustness, and high tolerance against these attacks; accordingly, the system is very effective and applicable.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1130073Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 572
 Shilbayeh N., AbuHaija B., Al-Qudsy Z: Combined DWT-CT Blind Digital Image Watermarking Algorithm, International Scholarly and Scientific Research & Innovation 7, 6, 736-742, (2013).
 Amirgholipour, S., Naghsh-Nilchi, A.: Robust Digital Image Watermarking Based on Joint DWT-DCT, International Journal of Digital Content Technology and its Applications, 3, 2, 42-55. doi: 10.4156/jdcta.vol3.issue2.amirgholipour
 Candik, M., Matus, E., Levicky, D.: Watermarking in Wavelet Transform Domain, Radioengineering, 10, 2, 1-4 (2009).
 Do, M., Vetterli, M.: The Contourlet Transform: An Efficient Directional Multiresolution Image Representation, IEEE Transactions on Image Processing Image Processing, 14, 12, 2091-2106 (2005).
 El rube’, I., Abou el Nasr, M., Naim, M., Farouk, M.: Contourlet Versus Wavelet Transform for Robust Digital Image Watermarking Technique, World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology 60, 288-292 (2009).
 Emek, S., Pazarci, M.: A Cascade DWT-DCT Based on Digital Watermarking Scheme, 13th European Signal Processing, Conference (EUSIPCO2005), Antalya, Turkey, Sept. 4-8 (2005).
 Ghannam, S., Abou-chadi, F.: Contourlet Verses Wavelet Transform: A Performance Study for a Robust Image Watermarking, Second International Conference Applications of Digital Information and Web Technologies, on the 2009. ICADIWT '09, (2009).
 Jayalakshmi, M., Merchant, S., Desia, B.: Digital Watermarking in Contourler Domain, The 18th International Conference on Pattern Recognition, 861-864, (2006).
 Jiansheng, M., Sukang, L., Xiaomei, T.: A Digital Watermarking Algorithm based on DCT and DWT, Proceedings of the 2009 International Symposium on Web Information Systems and Applications (WISA’09 Nanchang, P. R. China, May 22-24, 104-107, (2009).
 Khalighi, S., Rabiee, H.: A Contourlet-based Image Watermarking Scheme with High Resistance to Removal and Geometrical Attacks, Journal on Advances in Signal Processing - Special issue on advanced image processing for defense and security applications 2010, 21, (2010).
 Shilbayeh N., Ashimary A.: Digital Watermark System Based on Cascading Haar Wavelet Transform and Discrete Wavelet Transform, Journal of Applied Science, 10, 19, 2168-2186, (2010).
 Wie-Zhu, X., Campus, S., Xiao, L.: Research of Blind Watermark Detection Algorithm Based on Wavelet and Contourlet Transform Domain. International Conference, E-Business and Information System Security, 2009.EBISS '09, (2009).
 Al-Haj, A.: Combined DWT-DCT Digital Image Watermarking, Journal of Computer Science, 3, 740-746 (2007).