Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 30135
Reverse Engineering of Agricultural Machinery: A Key to Food Sufficiency in Nigeria

Authors: Williams S. Ebhota, Virginia Chika Ebhota, Samuel A. Ilupeju

Abstract:

Agriculture employs about three-quarter of Nigeria's workforce and yet food sufficiency is a challenge in the country. This is largely due to poor and outdated pre-harvest and post-harvest farming practices. The land fallow system is still been practised as fertiliser production in the country is grossly inadequate and expensive. The few available post-harvest processing facilities are faced with ageing and are inefficient. Also, use of modern processing equipment is limited by farmers' lack of fund, adequate capacity to operate and maintain modern farming equipment. This paper, therefore, examines key barriers to agricultural products processing equipment in the country. These barriers include over-dependence on foreign technologies and expertise; poor and inadequate manufacturing infrastructure; and lack of political will by political leaders; lack of funds; and lack of adequate technical skills. This paper, however, sees the increase in the domestic manufacturing of pre-harvest and post-harvest machinery and equipment through reverse engineering approach as a key to food production sufficiency in Nigeria.

Keywords: Agricultural machinery, domestic manufacturing, forward engineering, production reverse engineering, technology.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1130057

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 523

References:


[1] Faleye T, Adebija J. A. and Farounbi A. J. (2012). Improving Small-Farm Productivity through Appropriate Machinery in Nigeria. International Research Journal of Agricultural Science and Soil Science. (ISSN: 2251-0044) Vol. 2(9) pp. 386-389
[2] Emmanuel Ukeje (2004). Modernising Small Holder Agriculture to Ensure Food Security and Gender Empowerment: Issues and Policy.
[3] Vaughan Ignatius Olusoji, Afolami Carolyn Afolake and Oyekale Tolulope Olayemi, (2014). An Analysis of Nigeria Food Imports and Bills. International Journal of Economics, Commerce and Management Vol. II, Issue 9
[4] Sunday Michael Ogwu (2013). ‘Nigeria Imported Food Items worth N630bn in 2012’. Daily Trust Published on Wednesday, 11 September 2013.
[5] Ajav E. A. (2000). Animal Tractor as a source of power for Agricultural Development in Nigeria. http://www.atnesa.org
[6] Azogu I. I. (2009). Promoting Appropriate Mechanization Technologies for Improved Agricultural Productivity in Nigeria: The Role of the National Centre for Agricultural Mechanization. Journal of Agricultural Engineering and Technology (JAET), Volume 17 (No. 2) December 2009.
[7] Oyewole B.A. and Oloko S A (2006). Agricultural and Food Losses in Nigeria – the Way Out. Forum for Agricultural Risk Management in Development. http://www.vri-online.org.uk/ijrs/April2006/Nigeria%20-%20the%20way%20out.pdf. Retrieved 5/10/2016
[8] Omobowale Mobolaji O (2010). Problems facing Local Manufacturers in the Nigerian Agro-Allied Machine Fabrication Industry. ATDF Journal Volume 7, Issue 3/4 2010
[9] Ebhota, W. S. and Ajuwa, C. (2012). Infrastructural Capacity Development in Manufacturing: A Key to Industrial Explosion in Nigeria. Nigerian Institute of Industrial Engineers (EIIE), 2012 International Conference, Benin City.
[10] National Orientation and Public Affairs (1999). "Nigerian Economic Policy (1999-2003)"- Federal Ministry of Information and National Orientation, Abuja.
[11] Adelaja A.O. (2000): The Importance of Small and Medium Scale Industries in a Developing/Underdeveloped Economy: Nigeria as a Case Study; Proceedings of 6th Africa-USA International Conference on Manufacturing Technology.
[12] Linda, V.B. (2001). Economy: Africa South of the Sahara. 30th Edition (London: Europe Publications) pp 876-904.
[13] I. Oji-Okoro, "Analysis of the Contribution of Agricultural Sector on the Nigerian Economic Development," World Review of Business Research, vol. 1, pp. 190-200, 2011.
[14] Robert O. Dode (2012). Nigeria, Mono-Product Economy and the Global Economic Recession: Problems and Prospects. Global Journal of Human Social Science Sociology, Economics & Political Science, 12(11-C)
[15] Emmanuel Mayah (2012). Boko Haram Terror War: Food Scarcity Looms in Nigeria. Africa Review. April 1, 2012. Http://Www.Africareview.Com/Special-Reports/Boko-Harams-Food-Threat/-/979182/1377876/-/7v1v8kz/-/Index.Html.
[16] Onwualu, A. P, C. O. Akubuo and I. E. Ahaneku (2006). Fundamentals of Engineering for Agriculture. Immaculate publications limited, Ogui N/L, Enugu, Nigeria.
[17] Hahn S. K. (14/11/2016). An Overview of Traditional Processing and Utilization of Cassava in Africa. Available: http://www.fao.org/wairdocs/ILRI/x5458E/x5458e05.htm
[18] Rouse M. (2007). Reverse Engineering. Available: http://searchsoftwarequality.techtarget.com/definition/reverse-engineering
[19] Shooter, S. (2008). Reverse Engineering to Design Forward: An Introduction to Engineering Experiential Learning Module with Video Podcasts. Paper presented at 2008 Annual Conference & Exposition, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. https://peer.asee.org/3716
[20] Mbonu O. J. 2000, Practical Training of Engineering Personnel–Challenges Ahead. Proceedings of COREN 10th Engineering Assembly, Abuja, Nigeria, pp30-36
[21] Paul, N. (2015). Research in Tertiary Institutions in Nigeria: Issues, Challenges And Prospects: Implication for Educational Managers. IOSR Journal of Humanities and Social Science (IOSR-JHSS), 20(6), 45-49.
[22] Lucky Osaretin Odia and Samson Imasogie Omofonmwan (2013). Research and Development Initiatives in Nigeria: Challenges and Prospects. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences, 20(6)
[23] Chikwe, C. K., Ogidi, D., Reuben, C., & Nwachukwu, K. (2015). Challenges of Research and Human Capital Development in Nigeria Journal of Education and Practice, 6(28), 44-47
[24] Ebhota W. S. (2011), “Technical Vocational Education and Training (TVET); A Panacea for Africa Development”, National Association of Teachers of Technology (NATT) Conference, Umunze 2011.
[25] Umar Ibrahim (2008). Analysis of Strategic Factors Affecting the Performance of Small and Medium Industries (SMIs) In Borno State, Nigeria. http://stclements.edu/grad/Graduma.pdf
[26] Naseni. (14/11/2016). Advanced Manufacturing Technology. Available: http://www.naseni.org/advanced-manufacturing-technology-amt.html
[27] Etukudo Akpan (2005). Issues in Privatisation and Restructuring in Sub-Sahara Africa. Retrieved 07/06/2005: http://www.nigerdeltacongress.com/iarticles/issues_in_privatization_and_rest5.htm