Promoting Non-Formal Learning Mobility in the Field of Youth
Authors: Juha Kettunen
The purpose of this study is to develop a framework for the assessment of research and development projects. The assessment map is developed in this study based on the strategy map of the balanced scorecard approach. The assessment map is applied in a project that aims to reduce the inequality and risk of exclusion of young people from disadvantaged social groups. The assessment map denotes that not only funding but also necessary skills and qualifications should be carefully assessed in the implementation of the project plans so as to achieve the objectives of projects and the desired impact. The results of this study are useful for those who want to develop the implementation of the Erasmus+ Programme and the project teams of research and development projects.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1130015Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 441
 L. Chisholm, “European youth research: Development, debates, demands”, in The modernisation of youth transitions in Europe, M. Bois-Reymond, and L. Chisholm, Eds. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, pp. 11–21, 2006.
 C. Berg, M. Milmeister, and C. Weis, “Learning mobility in youth field: Starting to set a framework,” in Learning mobility and non-formal learning in European contexts: Policies, approaches and examples, G. Friesenhahn, H. Schild, H.-G. Wicke, and J. Balogh, J. Eds. Council of Europe: Council of Europe Publishing, 13–24, 2013.
 H. Chesbrough, and A. Kardon, “Crowther beyond high tech: Early adopters of open innovation in other industries,” R&D Manage, vol. 36, no. 3, pp. 229–236, June 2006.
 T. Greenhalgh, R. Glenn, F. MacFarlane, P. Bate, and O. Kyriakidou, “Diffusion of innovations in service organizations: Systematic review and recommendations,” Milbank Q, vol. 82, no. 4, pp. 581–629, Dec. 2004.
 R. S. Kaplan, and D. P. Norton, The Strategy-Focused Organization. Boston, MA: Harvard Business School Press. 2001.
 R. S. Kaplan, and D. P. Norton, Strategy Maps. Boston, MA: Harvard Business School Press, 2004.
 F. Coffield, The necessity of informal learning: The learning society No. 4. Bristol: The Policy Press, 2000.
 P. Freire, Education for Critical Consciousness. London and New York: Continuum, 2005.
 T. Jeffs, and M. Smith, Informal Education – Conversation, Democracy and Learning. Nottingham: Educational Heretics Press, 2005.
 J. Ord, Youth Work Process, Product and Practice. Dorset: Russell House, 2007.
 European Commission, Green Paper “Promoting the learning mobility of young people,” COM(2009) 329, 2009.
 R. King, M. Thomson, T. Fielding, and T. Warnes, “Time, generations and gender in migration and settlement,” in The Dynamics of International Migration and Settlement in Europe, R. Penninx, M. Berger, and K. Kraal, Eds. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press, 233–267, 2006.
 R. King, and E. Ruiz-Gelices, “International student migration and the European ‘year abroad’: Effects on European identity and subsequent migration behaviour,” International Journal of Population Geography, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 229–252, May/June 2003.
 J. Fielden, R. Middlehurst, and S. Woodfield, Global Horizons for UK Students: A Guide for Universities. London: CIHE, 2007.
 O. Bracht, C. Engel, K. Jansen, A. Over, H. Schomberg, and U. Teichler, The Professional Value of Erasmus Mobility. Kassel: International Centre for Higher Education Research, 2006.
 N. V. Varghese, Globalization of Higher Education and Cross-Border Student Mobility. Paris: International Institute for Education Planning, 2008.
 R. Martin, and D. Radu, “Return migration: The experience of Eastern Europe,” Int Migr, vol. 50, no. 6, pp. 109–128, Dec. 2012.
 K. Fangen, “Social exclusion and inclusion of young immigrants: Presentation of an analytical framework,” Young, vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 133–156, May 2010.
 L. Schur, “Barriers or opportunities? The causes of contingent and part-time work among people with disabilities,” Ind Relat, vol. vol. 42, no. 4, pp. 589–622, Oct. 2003.
 A. Honey, M. Kariuki, E. Emerson, and L. Gwynnyth, “Employment status transitions among young adults, with and without disability,” Aust J Social Issues, vol. 49, no. 2, pp. 151–170, 2014.
 M. Wochowska, “Non-formal learning and the acquisition of skills – How does the EU support youth employment?” Comparative Economic Research, vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 161–179, June 2015.
 S. Zelding, “Preventing youth violence through the promotion of community engagement and membership,” J Community Psychol, vol. 32, no. 5, pp. 623–641, Sept. 2004.
 C. M. Christensen, The Innovator’s Dilemma: When New Technologies Cause Great Firms to Fail. Boston, MA: Harvard Business School Press, 1997.
 J. Tidd, J. Bessant, and K. Pavitt, Managing Innovation: Integrating Technological Market and Organizational Change. Chicester: Wiley, 2001.
 J. Kettunen, “Bridge building for the future of the Finnish polytechnics,” Journal of Higher Education Outreach and Engagement, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 43–57, Spring/Summer 2004.
 J. Kettunen, “The strategic evaluation of academic libraries,” Libr Hi Tech, vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 409–421, 2007.
 J. Kettunen, “Strategies for virtual organizations,” in Encyclopedia of Networked and Virtual Organisations, G. D. Putnik, and M. M. Cunha, Eds. Hershey: IGI Global, 1528–1534, 2008.
 A. Aassve, E. Cottini, and A. Vitali, “Youth prospects in a time of economic recession,” Demogr Res, vol. 29, no. 36, pp. 949–962, Nov. 2013.
 H. Dietrich, “Youth unemployment in the period 2001-2010 and the European crisis - looking at the empirical evidence,” Transfer: European Review of Labour and Research, vol. 19, no. 3, pp. 305–324, Aug. 2013.
 D. Cairns, N. A. Alves, A. Alexandre, and A. Correia, Youth Unemployment and Job Precariousness: Political Participation in the Austerity Era. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2016.
 G. Friesenhahn, H. Schild, H.-G. Wicke, and J. Balogh, Learning mobility and non-formal learning in European contexts: Policies, approaches and examples. Council of Europe: Council of Europe Publishing, 2013.