Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 30123
An Experimental Study on the Optimum Installation of Fire Detector for Early Stage Fire Detecting in Rack-Type Warehouses

Authors: Ki Ok Choi, Sung Ho Hong, Dong Suck Kim, Don Mook Choi

Abstract:

Rack type warehouses are different from general buildings in the kinds, amount, and arrangement of stored goods, so the fire risk of rack type warehouses is different from those buildings. The fire pattern of rack type warehouses is different in combustion characteristic and storing condition of stored goods. The initial fire burning rate is different in the surface condition of materials, but the running time of fire is closely related with the kinds of stored materials and stored conditions. The stored goods of the warehouse are consisted of diverse combustibles, combustible liquid, and so on. Fire detection time may be delayed because the residents are less than office and commercial buildings. If fire detectors installed in rack type warehouses are inadaptable, the fire of the warehouse may be the great fire because of delaying of fire detection. In this paper, we studied what kinds of fire detectors are optimized in early detecting of rack type warehouse fire by real-scale fire tests. The fire detectors used in the tests are rate of rise type, fixed type, photo electric type, and aspirating type detectors. We considered optimum fire detecting method in rack type warehouses suggested by the response characteristic and comparative analysis of the fire detectors.

Keywords: Fire detector, rack, response characteristic, warehouse.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1340160

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 445

References:


[1] Y. S. Kim, “A Study on the Application of Fire Prevention Facilities to Increase Fire Responsiveness of Rack-type Warehouses”, Pusan National University, 2013.
[2] W. H. Kim, Y. J. Lee, “ An Improvement of Fire Safety Code for Rack-Type Warehouse in Korea”, Journal of Korean Institute of Fire Science & Engineering, Vol.28, No.6, pp.69-75, 2014.
[3] D. H. Kin, “A Study on the Establishment of the Fire Load by Building Occupancy”, Konkuk University, 2003.
[4] D. T. Gottuk, Fire Detection in Warehouse Facilities, NIST, 2012.
[5] Xtrails Ltd., Warehouse Fire Tests Demonstration - ASD vs Point (spot-type) vs Beam Detectors, Case Study, 2008.
[6] ISO 7240-9, Fire detection and alarm systems - Part 9: Test fires for fire detectors, 2006.