Climate Impact-Minimizing Road Infrastructure Layout for Growing Cities
City road transport contributes significantly to climate change, and the ongoing world urbanization is only increasing the problem. The paper describes a city planning concept minimizing the number of vehicles on the roads while increasing overall mobility. This becomes possible by utilizing a recently invented two-level road junction with a unique property of serving both as an intersection of uninterrupted traffic and an easily accessible transport hub capable of accumulating private vehicles, and therefore becoming an especially effective park-and-ride solution, and a logistics or business center. Optimized layouts of city road infrastructure, living and work areas, and major roads are presented. The layouts are suitable both for the development of new cities as well as for the expansion of existing ones. Costs of the infrastructure and a positive impact on climate are evaluated in comparison to current city growth patterns.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1340142Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 517
 CE Delft, “External Costs of Transport in Europe Update Study for 2008”, 2011.
 International Energy Agency, “CO2 Emissions from Fuel Combustion 2012 – Highlights”, 2012.
 UN, “World Urbanization Prospects”, 2014.
 Eurostat, “Eurostat regional yearbook”, 2016, ISSN: 1830-9674, doi: 10.2785/671934.
 European Environmental Agency (EEA), “Occupancy rates of passenger vehicles (TERM 029)”, 2004-2008.
 United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), “Emission Factors for Greenhouse Gas Inventories”, 2014.
 S. Buteliauskas, Road Junction EP 1 778 918 B1. EU: European Patent Office, 2012.