Exploring Influence Range of Tainan City Using Electronic Toll Collection Big Data
Big Data has been attracted a lot of attentions in many fields for analyzing research issues based on a large number of maternal data. Electronic Toll Collection (ETC) is one of Intelligent Transportation System (ITS) applications in Taiwan, used to record starting point, end point, distance and travel time of vehicle on the national freeway. This study, taking advantage of ETC big data, combined with urban planning theory, attempts to explore various phenomena of inter-city transportation activities. ETC, one of government's open data, is numerous, complete and quick-update. One may recall that living area has been delimited with location, population, area and subjective consciousness. However, these factors cannot appropriately reflect what people’s movement path is in daily life. In this study, the concept of "Living Area" is replaced by "Influence Range" to show dynamic and variation with time and purposes of activities. This study uses data mining with Python and Excel, and visualizes the number of trips with GIS to explore influence range of Tainan city and the purpose of trips, and discuss living area delimited in current. It dialogues between the concepts of "Central Place Theory" and "Living Area", presents the new point of view, integrates the application of big data, urban planning and transportation. The finding will be valuable for resource allocation and land apportionment of spatial planning.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1129704Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 640
 Pai, J. T., Yuch, Y. C., LIN C. Y., (2000), Spatial Impacts of Chung-Sun Freeway on the Industrial Development in Taiwan's West Corridor, "Journal of city and Planning", Vol.27, No.2, 211-232.
 Council for Economic Planning and Development of Taiwan, Executive Yuan (1996), Territorial Comprehensive Development Plan.
 Ministry of Transportation and Communications R.O.C, (2016), Principles for the addition and improvement of expressway interchanges.
 Directorate General of Freeways MOTC R.O.C, (2014), Living Road Nets Transportation Construction ’Freeway system’ Four-Year Plan ’2015-2018’.
 National Development Council, (2010), Strategic Plan for National Spatial Development.
 Chen, S. S., (2012), The impact of freeway construction on the spatial distribution of population and economic activities- the case study in Taiwan, Master Thesis of Department of Land and Economics, National Chengchi University Institute of Urban Planning Master's thesis.
 Tseng, H. P., (2009), Local Living Circle, Encyclopedia of Taiwan, Ministry of Culture, URL: http://nrch.culture.tw/twpedia.aspx?id=1670, (Accessed on: August 15, 2016 web information).
 Yang, Y. W., Lu, Y. C., Chang, Y. C., Jenq, J. Y., Lee, S. W., Chuang. Y. J., Li, D. C., Yeh, W. Y., Shen, P. W., The 5th Taiwan Area Comprehensive Transportation Planning Research Series - Intercity Travel Survey and Preliminary Analysis, Institute of Transportation MOTC R.O.C.
 Christraller, W., (1933), Die zentralen Orte in Süddeutschland, Jena: Gustav Fischer Verlag.