Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 32731
Effect of Welding Parameters on Penetration and Bead Width for Variable Plate Thickness in Submerged Arc Welding

Authors: Harish K. Arya, Kulwant Singh, R. K. Saxena


The heat flow in weldment changes its nature from 2D to 3D with the increase in plate thickness. For welding of thicker plates the heat loss in thickness direction increases the cooling rate of plate. Since the cooling rate changes, the various bead parameters like bead penetration, bead height and bead width also got affected by it. The present study incorporates the effect of variable plate thickness on penetration and bead width. The penetration reduces with increase in plate thickness due to heat loss in thickness direction for same heat input, while bead width increases for thicker plate due to faster cooling.

Keywords: Submerged arc welding, plate thickness, bead geometry, cooling rate.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1243


[1] V. Gunaraj and N. Murugan, “Application of response surface methodology for predicting weld base quality in submerged AC welding pipes,” Mater. Process. Technol., vol. 88, pp. 266–275, 1999.
[2] V. Gunaraj and N. Murugan, “Prediction and comparison of the area of the heat-affected zone for the bead-on-plate and bead-on-joint in submerged arc welding of pipes,” vol. 95, pp. 246–261, 1999.
[3] W. Reeta and S. Pandey, “Mathematical models for prediction of weld bead geometry in GMAW of Aluminum alloy 7005,” in ASME Early Career Technical Conference, ASME ECTC Atlanta, Georgia, USA, 2010, vol. 9, pp. 80–86.
[4] S. Shen, I. N. a. N. A. Oguocha, and S. Yannacopoulos, “Effect of heat input on weld bead geometry of submerged arc welded ASTM A709 Grade 50 steel joints,” J. Mater. Process. Technol., vol. 212, no. 1, pp. 286–294, Jan. 2012.
[5] H. OM and S. Pandey, “Effect of heat input on dilution and heat affected zone in submerged arc welding process,” Sadhana, vol. 38, no. December, pp. 1369–1391, 2013.
[6] D. K. Adak, M. Mukherjee, and T. K. Pal, “Development of a Direct Correlation of Bead Geometry, Grain Size and HAZ Width with the GMAW Process Parameters on Bead-on-plate Welds of Mild Steel,” Trans. Indian Inst. Met., 2015.
[7] A. Sharma, N. Arora, and B. K. Mishra, “Mathematical model of bead profile in high deposition welds,” J. Mater. Process. Technol., vol. 220, pp. 65–75, 2015.
[8] D. Rosenthal, “Mathematical theory of heat distribution during welding and cutting,” Weld. J., vol. 20, no. 5, pp. 220–225, 1941.
[9] J. Adams, C. M., “Cooling rates and peak temperatures in fusion welding,” Weld. J., vol. 37, no. 5, pp. 210–215, 1958.
[10] F. Shehata, “Effect of plate thickness on mechanical properties of steel arc welded joints,” Mater. Des., vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 105–110, Jan. 1994.
[11] K. Poorhaydari, B. M. Patchett, D. G. Ivey, and Poorhaydari, “Estimation of Cooling Rate in the Welding of Plates with Intermediate Thickness,” Weld. J., no. October, pp. 149–155, 2005.
[12] R. Kumar, H. K. Arya, and R. Saxena, “Experimental Determination of Cooling Rate and its Effect on Microhardness in Submerged Arc Welding of Mild Steel Plate (Grade c-25 as per IS 1570),” J. Mater. Sci. Eng., vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 3–6, 2014.
[13] R. K. Saxena and H. Arya, “Effects of welding speed, welding current and plate thickness on temperature variation and angular distortion in butt joint welding,” in Annual International Conference on Materials Science, Metal & Manufacturing (M3 2011) Hotel Fort Canning, Singapore 12th - 13th December, 2011.
[14] H. Arya, K. Singh, and R. K. Saxena, “Influence of Cooling Rate on Metallurgical Properties of Weld in SAW,” in Annual International Conference on Materials Science, Metal & Manufacturing (M3 2011) Hotel Fort Canning, Singapore 12th - 13th December, 2011.