Commenced in January 2007
Paper Count: 32131
Absence of Developmental Change in Epenthetic Vowel Duration in Japanese Speakers’ English
Abstract:This study examines developmental change in the production of epenthetic vowels by Japanese learners of English in relation to acquisition of L2 English speech rhythm. Seventy-two Japanese learners of English in the J-AESOP corpus were divided into lower- and higher-level learners according to their proficiency score and the frequency of vowel epenthesis. Three learners were excluded because no vowel epenthesis was observed in their utterances. The analysis of their read English speech data showed no statistical difference between lower- and higher-level learners, implying the absence of any developmental change in durations of epenthetic vowels. This result, together with the findings of previous studies, will be discussed in relation to the transfer of L1 phonology and manifestation of L2 English rhythm.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1129119Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 985
 The DARPA TIMIT Acoustic-Phonetic Continuous Speech Corpus (TIMIT). http:/www.ldc.upenn/readme_files/timit.readme.html
 Davidson, L. (2011). Phonetic, phonemic, and phonological factors in cross-language discrimination of phonotactic contrasts. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 37(1), 270.
 Davidson, L., Martin, S., & Wilson, C. (2015). Stabilizing the production of nonnative consonant clusters with acoustic variability. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 137(2), 856-872.
 Dupoux, E., Kakehi, K., Hirose, Y., Pallier, C., & Mehler, J. (1999). Epenthetic vowels in Japanese: A perceptual illusion?. Journal of experimental psychology: human perception and performance, 25(6), 1568.
 Funatsu, S., Imaizumi, S., Fujimoto, M., Hashizume, A., & Kurisu, K. (2008). Do Japanese speakers perceive nonexistent vowels in non-native consonant clusters? Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 123(5), 3072. doi: 10.1121/ 1.2932847
 Hall, N. (2003). Gestures and segments: Vowel intrusion as overlap (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). University of Massachusetts.
 Hidden Markov Model Toolkit (HTK). htk.eng.cam.ac.uk
 Kondo, M. (2009). Is Acquisition of L2 Phonemes Difficult? Production of English Stress by Japanese Speakers. In Proceedings of the 10th Generative Approaches to Second Language Acquisition Conference (GASLA 2009), 105-112. Somerville, MA.
 Konishi, T., Kondo, M. (2015) Developmental Change in English Stress Manifestation by Japanese Speakers Proceedings of the 18th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences (ICPhS XVIII), Glasgow, Scotland
 Konishi, T., Yazawa, K. & Kondo, M. (2016) Japanese Advanced Learners of English Produce Shorter Epenthetic Vowels. Proceedings of The 30th General Meeting of the Phonetic Society of Japan. pp. 70-75.
 Lee, B., Guion, S. G., Harada, T. 2006. Acoustic analysis of the production of unstressed English vowels by early and late Korean and Japanese bilinguals. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 28(03), 487-513.
 Masuda, H. & Arai, T. (2010). Processing of consonant clusters by Japanese native speakers: Influence of English learning backgrounds. Acoustical Science and Technology 31(5). 320- 327.
 Mazuka, R., Cao, Y., Dupoux, E. & Christophe, A. (2011). The development of phonological illusion: A cross-linguistic study with Japanese and French infants. Developmental Science 14(4), pp693-699.
 Meng, H., Tseng, C. Y., Kondo, M., Harrison, A. M., & Visceglia, T. (2009). Studying L2 Suprasegmental Features in Asian Englishes: A Position Paper. In Interspeech. pp. 1715-1718.
 R Version 3.3.0. https://cran.r-project.org
 Shibuya, Y., & Erickson, D. (2010). Consonant cluster production in Japanese learners of English. In Proceedings of the 10th annual conference of the International Speech Communication Association. Tokyo: Waseda University.
 Tajima, K., Erickson, D., & Nagao, K. (2000). Factors affecting native Japanese speakers’ production of intrusive (epenthetic) vowels in Enlgish words. In Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Spoken Language Processing (pp. 558–561). Beijing.
 Visceglia, T., Tseng, C. Y., Kondo, M., Meng, H., & Sagisaka, Y. (2009). Phonetic aspects of content design in AESOP (Asian English Speech cOrpus Project). In Speech Database and Assessments, 2009 Oriental COCOSDA International Conference on. pp. 60-65. IEEE.
 Yazawa, K., Konishi, T., Hanzawa, K., Short, G. & Kondo, M. (2015) Vowel Epenthesis in Japanese Speakers’ L2 English Proceedings of The 18th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences (ICPhS XVIII), Glasgow, Scotland