Quantification of E-Waste: A Case Study in Federal University of Espírito Santo, Brazil
Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 32795
Quantification of E-Waste: A Case Study in Federal University of Espírito Santo, Brazil

Authors: Andressa S. T. Gomes, Luiza A. Souza, Luciana H. Yamane, Renato R. Siman


The segregation of waste of electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) in the generating source, its characterization (quali-quantitative) and identification of origin, besides being integral parts of classification reports, are crucial steps to the success of its integrated management. The aim of this paper was to count WEEE generation at the Federal University of Espírito Santo (UFES), Brazil, as well as to define sources, temporary storage sites, main transportations routes and destinations, the most generated WEEE and its recycling potential. Quantification of WEEE generated at the University in the years between 2010 and 2015 was performed using data analysis provided by UFES’s sector of assets management. EEE and WEEE flow in the campuses information were obtained through questionnaires applied to the University workers. It was recorded 6028 WEEEs units of data processing equipment disposed by the university between 2010 and 2015. Among these waste, the most generated were CRT screens, desktops, keyboards and printers. Furthermore, it was observed that these WEEEs are temporarily stored in inappropriate places at the University campuses. In general, these WEEE units are donated to NGOs of the city, or sold through auctions (2010 and 2013). As for recycling potential, from the primary processing and further sale of printed circuit boards (PCB) from the computers, the amount collected could reach U$ 27,839.23. The results highlight the importance of a WEEE management policy at the University.

Keywords: Solid waste, waste of electric and electronic equipment, waste management, institutional generation of solid waste.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1129099

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1481


[1] D. Hoornweg and P. Bhada-Tata. What a waste: A Global Review of Solid Waste Management, 2012, 15. ed. The World Bank, Washington, United States.
[2] IBGE – Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics). População do Brasil (Population of Brazil.) Accessed on: 18 August 2016. Available at: .
[3] ABRELPE - Associação Brasileira de Empresas de Limpeza Pública e Resíduos Especiais (Brazilian Association of Public Cleaning and Special Waste Companies). Panorama dos Resíduos Sólidos no Brasil 2014 (Overview of Solid Waste in Brazil 2014). Brazil, São Paulo, 2014.
[4] Riitta, Pipatti et al. Waste Generation, Composition and Management Data. In: Japan. Institute for Global Environmental Strategies. (Org.). 2006 IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories: Waste. Hayama, 2006. p. 1-23.
[5] P. R. Jacobi and G. R. Besen. Gestão de resíduos sólidos na região metropolitana de São Paulo (Solid waste management in the metropolitan region of São Paulo). São Paulo em Perspectiva (São Paulo in Perspective), 2006, v.20, n.2, p. 90-104.
[6] ABDI - Agência Brasileira de Desenvolvimento Industrial (Brazilian Industrial Development Agency). Logística Reversa de Equipamentos Eletroeletrônicos (Reverse Logistics of Electrical and Electronic Equipments). Brazil, Brasília, November, 2013.
[7] D. Maccan and A. Wittman. Solving the E-Waste Problem (Step) Green Paper, 2015, E-waste Prevention, Take-back System Design and Policy Approa-ches. Accessed on 18 August 2016. Available at: .
[8] C. P. Baldé, F. Wang, R. Kuehr and J. Huisman. The global e-waste monitor – 2014. United Nations University, IAS-SCYCLE, 2015, Bonn, Germany.
[9] S. Sthannopkao and M.H. Wong Handling e-waste in developed and developing countries: Initiatives, practices, and consequences. Science of the Total Environment, 2012, vol. 463-464. p. 1147-1153.
[10] A. C. Rodrigues. Fluxo domiciliar de geração e destinação de resíduos de equipamentos elétricos e eletrônicos no município de São Paulo/SP: caracterização e subsídios para políticas públicas (Household flow of generation and destination of waste of electrical and electronic equipment in the city of São Paulo/SP: characterization and subsidies for public policies). Doctoral Thesis. Sciences Department, University of São Paulo, Brazil, 2012, 246p.
[11] B. H. Robinson E-waste: An assessment of global production and environmental impacts. Science of the Total Environment, 2009, vol. 408. n. 2 p. 183-191.
[12] Z.H.I. Sun, Y. Xiao, J. Sietsma, H. Agterhuis, G. Visser and Y. Yang Characterization of metals in the electronic waste of complex mixtures of end-of-life ICT products for development of cleaner recovery technology. Waste Management., 2015, Vol.35, p. 227-235.
[13] M. Schluep, C. Hagelueken and R. Kuerh. Solving the E-waste Problem (Steep), 2009, Recycling - From E-waste to Resources. Access on 18 August 2016. Available at: < http://www.unep.org/pdf/Recycling_From_e-waste_to_resources.pdf >.
[14] Y. N. Park and FRAY, D. J. Fray Recovery of high purity precious metals from printed circuit boards. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 2009, vol.164, p. 1152-1158.
[15] H. M. Veit. Reciclagem de Cobre de Sucatas de Placas de Circuito Impresso (Recycling Copper Scrap Printed Circuit Boards). Doctoral thesis. Department of Mines, Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, 2005, 101p.
[16] H. M. Veit and A. M. Bernardes Chapter 2: Electronic Waste: Generation and Management, 2015, p. 3-12. In: Bergmann, C. P. (org) Electronic Waste: Recycling Techniques. Porto Alegre: Springer.
[17] J. Demajorovic, E.E.F. Augusto and M.T.S. Souza Logística reversa de REEE em países em desenvolvimento: desafios e perspectivas para o modelo brasileiro (Reverse Logistics of WEEE in developing countries: challenges and perspectives for the Brazilian mode). Ambiente & Sociedade (Environment & Society). 2016, v. XIX, n.2. p. 119-138.
[18] A. C Rodrigues, W. M. R. Gunther and M. E. Boscov. G. Estimativa da geração de resíduos de equipamentos elétricos e eletrônicos de ordem domiciliar: proposição de método e aplicação ao município de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brasil (Estimation of the generation of waste electrical and electronic equipment of household order: proposal of method and application to the city of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazi). Engenharia Sanitária Ambiental (Environmental Health Engineering), 2015, v.20, n.3 p. 437-447.
[19] I. G. N. Camargo. Diagnóstico da gestão e do gerenciamento dos resíduos eletroeletrônicos gerados no campus da faculdade de engenharia de Guaratinguetá/UNESP (Diagnosis of the management and management of electro-electronic waste generated at the Guaratinguetá/UNESP engineering college campus). 2013, Trabalho de conclusão de curso, Departamento de Engenharia Civil, Universidade Estadual Paulista, Guarantiguetá. 81 p.
[20] Pró-reitoria de Planejamento e Desenvolvimento Institucional (Pre-Rectory of Planning and Institutional Development). UFES Indicadores de Desempenho – 2015 (UFES Performance Indicators - 2015). Brazil, Vitória, 2015.
[21] G.H.T. Rocha, F.V.B. Gomes, M.S. Porte, S. M. Portugal R.N. and J.C.J. Ribeiro; Diagnóstico de Geração de Resíduos Eletroeletrônicos no Estado de Minas Gerais, (Diagnosis of Generation of Electrical and Electronic Waste in the State of Minas Gerais). 2009, 85 p.
[22] R. T. G. Andrade, C. S. M. Fonseca and K. M. C. Mattos. Geração e destino dos resíduos eletrônicos de informática nas instituições de ensino superior de Natal-RN (Generation and destination of waste in the higher education institutions of Natal-RN). Holos, 2010, v.2, p. 100-112.
[23] F.C. Miranda, P.V. Brandão, C.P. Souza, M.M. Velosso and F.R. Leta. Gerenciamento de resíduos - uma análise econômica do potencial de reciclagem de computadores, considerando o caso da Universidade Federal Fluminense – UFF (Waste management - an economic analysis of the recycling potential of computers, considering the case of Federal Fluminense University – UFF), 2013, Paper presented in VII CIBEM – Congresso Iberoamericano de Educação Matemática (Ibero-American Congress on Mathematical Education).
[24] A. E. Gerbase and C. R. Oliveira Reciclagem do lixo de informática: uma oportunidade para a química (Recycling of e-waste: an opportunity for chemistry). Química Nova (New Chemistry), 2012, vol.35, n.7, p. 1486-1492.
[25] R.G.F. Franco & L.C. Lange. Estimativa do fluxo dos resíduos de equipamentos elétricos e eletrônicos no município de Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil (Estimator of the disposal of waste electrical and electronic equipment in the city of Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil). Eng. Sanit. Ambient, 2011, v.16, n.1, p. 73-82.
[26] E. L. B. O. Oliveira, G. Feron and H. M. Veit. Leaching of cathode ray tube as a justification for recycling. Proceedings of the 3rd International Congress on Technologies for the Environment, 2012, p. 6.
[27] Hashimoto Estudo da extração de indium a partir de telas de cristal líquido (LCD) (Study of the extraction of indium from liquid crystal screens (LCD)). Masters Dissertation. Department of Chemical Engineering, Politechnical School of University of São Paulo, Brazil, 2015, 106 p.
[28] IDC Brasil (IDC Brazil). Pesquisa da IDC Brasil revela que o mercado de impressão apresentou queda no primeiro semestre de 2015 (Research from IDC Brazil reveals that the printing market presented a drop in the first half of 2015). Access on 19 August, 2016. Available at: .
[29] SEBRAE/ES - Serviço Brasileiro de Apoio às Micro e Pequenas Empresas do Espírito Santo (Brazilian Service of Support to Micro and Small Companies of Espírito Santo). Empresa de remanufatura de cartucho (Cartridge remanufacturing company). UCA – Unidade de Captação de Recursos & Atendimento (Fundraising & Service Unit), 2008, p. 10.
[30] F. P. Moura, R. S. Oliveira, J. C. Afonso, C. A Vianna and J. L. Mantovano. Processamento de cartuchos de impressora de jato de tinta: um exemplo de gestão pós-consumo (Inkjet printer cartridges processing: an example of post-consumer management). Química Nova (New Chemistry), 2012, vol. 35, n.7, p. 1271-1275.
[31] BRAZIL. Law nº 12.305, 2 August 2010. Institui a Política Nacional de Resíduos Sólidos (Institutes the National Solid Waste Policy).
[32] J. Fernandes, A. Moura and J. C. Roma Sistema de logística reversa: responsabilidade compartilhada sobre o ciclo de vida do produto (Reverse logistics system: shared responsibility over the product life cycle). Vol. 74. 2012. Access on 18 August 2016. Available at: .
[33] L. B.Corrêa, V. L. Lunardi, P. R. Jacobi Educação ambiental na construção de políticas para a gestão dos resíduos em uma instituição de ensino superior (Environmental education in the construction of policies for waste management in an institution of higher education). Revista Brasileira de Educação Ambiental (Brazilian Journal of Environmental Education), 2012, v.7, p.9-15.
[34] T.C.M.B. Carvalho, A. Falciano; I. Margarido, L. Martins; S. Moraes, E. Bonilha, N. Bicov, R. Mitie; L. Sonnewend and M. Bernardes Tratamento Sustentáveis de Lixo Eletrônico (Sustainable Treatment of E-waste). Presented at the Mario Covas Prize, 2009, 38p.
[35] G. R. Besen, H. Ribeiro, W. M. R. Gunter and P. R. Jacobi. Coleta seletiva na região metropolitana de São Paulo: impactos da Política Nacional de Resíduos Sólidos (Selective collection in the metropolitan region of São Paulo: impacts of the National Solid Waste Policy). Ambiente & Sociedade (Environment & Society), 2014, v. XVII, n.3. p. 259-278.