Commenced in January 2007
Paper Count: 30127
Fabrication of Wearable Antennas through Thermal Deposition
Abstract:Antennas are devices for transmitting and/or receiving signals which make them a necessary component of any wireless system. In this paper, a thermal deposition technique is utilized as a method to fabricate antenna structures on substrates. Thin-film deposition is achieved by evaporating a source material (metals in our case) in a vacuum which allows vapor particles to travel directly to the target substrate which is encased with a mask that outlines the desired structure. The material then condenses back to solid state. This method is used in comparison to screen printing, chemical etching, and ink jet printing to indicate advantages and disadvantages to the method. The antenna created undergoes various testing of frequency ranges, conductivity, and a series of flexing to indicate the effectiveness of the thermal deposition technique. A single band antenna that is operated at 2.45 GHz intended for wearable and flexible applications was successfully fabricated through this method and tested. It is concluded that thermal deposition presents a feasible technique of producing such antennas.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1128807Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 772
 H. Ko, R. Kapadia, K. Takei, T. Takahashi, X. Zhang, and A. Javey, “Multifunctional, flexible electronic systems based on engineered nanostructured materials”, Nanotechnology, Vol. 23, pp.11, 2012.
 L. Yang, L. Martin, D. Staiculescu, C.P. Wong, M. Tentzeris, “Design and Development of Compact Conformal RFID Antennas Utilizing Novel Flexible Magnetic Composite Materials for Wearable RF and Biomedical Applications” IEEE Ant. & Prop. Int. Symposium, pp. 1-4, Sep. 2008.
 H. R. Khaleel, H. Al-Rizzo, D. Rucker, Y. Al-Naiemy, "Flexible printed monopole antennas for WLAN applications," Antennas and Propagation (APSURSI), 2011 IEEE International Symposium on, vol., no., pp.1334-1337, 3-8 July 2011.
 H. R. Khaleel, H. Al-Rizzo, D. Rucker, "Compact Polyimide-Based Antennas for Flexible Displays," IEEE Display Technology, Journal of, vol.8, no.2, pp.91-97, Feb. 2012.
 C. Y. Tsai and K. L. Wong, "Combined-type dual-wideband and triple-wideband LTE antennas for the tablet device," Antennas and Propagation (APCAP), 2015 IEEE 4th Asia-Pacific Conference on, Kuta, 2015, pp. 411-412.
 Anagnostou, D. E.; Gheethan, A. A.; Amert, A. K.; Whites, K. W., "A Direct-Write Printed Antenna on Paper-Based Organic Substrate for Flexible Displays and WLAN Applications," Display Technology, Journal of, vol.6, no.11, pp.558-564, Nov. 2010.
 H. R. Khaleel, H. Al-Rizzo, D. Rucker, S. Mohan, "A Compact Polyimide-Based UWB Antenna for Flexible Electronics," Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, IEEE, vol.11, no., pp.564-567, 2012.
 H. Raad, A. Abbosh, H. Al-Rizzo, D. Rucker, "Flexible and Compact AMC Based Antenna for Telemedicine Applications," Antennas and Propagation, IEEE Transactions on, vol. PP, no.99, pp. 1.
 Du Pont Dupont Kapton Polyimide specification sheet, www2.dupont.com/kapton. Last accessed: August, 2, 2016.
 Khaleel, H. R.; Al-Rizzo, H. M.; Rucker, D. G.; Elwi, T. A., "Wearable Yagi microstrip antenna for telemedicine applications," Radio and Wireless Symposium (RWS), 2010, IEEE, vol., no., pp. 280, 283, 10-14 Jan. 2010.
 Hertleer, C.; Tronquo, A.; Rogier, H.; Vallozzi, L.; Van Langenhove, L., "Aperture-Coupled Patch Antenna for Integration into Wearable Textile Systems," Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, IEEE, vol.6, no., pp.392-395, 2007.
 J. So, J. Thelen, A. Qusba, G. J. Hayes, G. Lazzi, and M. D. Dickey, “Reversibly deformable and mechanically tunable fluidic antennas,” Advanced Functional Materials, vol. 19, no. 22, pp. 3632–3637, Oct 2009.
 Durgun, A. C., Reese, M. S., Balanis, C. A., Birtcher, C. R., Allee, D. R. and Venugopal, S., “Flexible bow-tie antennas”, Antennas and Propagation Society International Symposium (APSURSI), 2010 IEEE, pp.1, Jul 2010.