Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 30135
Experimental Investigation of Heat Transfer on Vertical Two-Phased Closed Thermosyphon

Authors: M. Hadi Kusuma, Nandy Putra, Anhar Riza Antariksawan, Ficky Augusta Imawan

Abstract:

Heat pipe is considered to be applied as a passive system to remove residual heat that generated from reactor core when incident occur or from spent fuel storage pool. The objectives are to characterized the heat transfer phenomena, performance of heat pipe, and as a model for large heat pipe will be applied as passive cooling system on nuclear spent fuel pool storage. In this experimental wickless heat pipe or two-phase closed thermosyphon (TPCT) is used. Variation of heat flux are 611.24 Watt/m2 - 3291.29 Watt/m2. Variation of filling ratio are 45 - 70%. Variation of initial pressure are -62 to -74 cm Hg. Demineralized water is used as working fluid in the TPCT. The results showed that increasing of heat load leads to an increase of evaporation of the working fluid. The optimum filling ratio obtained for 60% of TPCT evaporator volume, and initial pressure variation gave different TPCT wall temperature characteristic. TPCT showed best performance with 60% filling ratio and can be consider to be applied as passive residual heat removal system or passive cooling system on spent fuel storage pool.

Keywords: Two-phase closed thermo syphon, heat pipe, passive cooling, spent fuel storage pool.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1339828

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 584

References:


[1] V. Sailor, K. Perkins, J. Weeks, and H. Connell, "Severe accidents in spent fuel pools in support of generic safety, Issue 82," Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (USA); Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC (USA). Div. of Reactor and Plant Systems1987.
[2] C. Ye, M. Zheng, M. Wang, R. Zhang, and Z. Xiong, "The design and simulation of a new spent fuel pool passive cooling system," Annals of Nuclear Energy, vol. 58, pp. 124-131, 2013.
[3] Y. Wang, "Preliminary Study for the Passive Containment Cooling System Analysis of the Advanced PWR," Energy Procedia, vol. 39, pp. 240-247, 2013.
[4] IAEA, "Passive Safety System and Natural Circulation in Water Cooled Nuclear Power Plants," IAEA-TECDOC-1624, 2009.
[5] X.-G. Yu, H.-S. Park, Y.-S. Kim, K.-H. Kang, S. Cho, and K.-Y. Choi, "Systematic analysis of a station blackout scenario for APR1400 with test facility ATLAS and MARS code from scaling viewpoint," Nuclear Engineering and Design, vol. 259, pp. 205-220, 2013.
[6] D. Reay, R. McGlen, and P. Kew, Heat pipes: Theory, design and applications: Butterworth-Heinemann, 2013.
[7] C. Byon and S. J. Kim, "Capillary performance of bi-porous sintered metal wicks," International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, vol. 55, pp. 4096-4103, 2012.
[8] N. Putra, W. N. Septiadi, R. Saleh, R. A. Koestoer, and S. Purbo Prakoso, "The Effect of CuO-Water Nanofluid and Biomaterial Wick on Loop Heat Pipe Performance," Advanced Materials Research, vol. 875, pp. 356-361, 2014.
[9] Y. Li, H.-f. He, and Z.-x. Zeng, "Evaporation and condensation heat transfer in a heat pipe with a sintered-grooved composite wick," Applied Thermal Engineering, vol. 50, pp. 342-351, 2013.
[10] N. Putra, W. N. Septiadi, H. Rahman, and R. Irwansyah, "Thermal performance of screen mesh wick heat pipes with nanofluids," Experimental thermal and fluid science, vol. 40, pp. 10-17, 2012.
[11] N. Putra, W. N. Septiadi, and R. Irwansyah, "Effect of Concentration and Loading Fluid of Nanofluids on the Thermal Resistance of Sintered Powder Wick Heat Pipe," in Advanced Materials Research, 2013, pp. 728-735.
[12] N. Putra, R. Saleh, W. N. Septiadi, A. Okta, and Z. Hamid, "Thermal performance of biomaterial wick loop heat pipes with water-base Al2O3 nanofluids," International Journal of Thermal Sciences, vol. 76, pp. 128-136, 2014.
[13] G. Peterson, "An Introduction to Heat Pipes, Modeling, testing and applications. 1994," Wiley, New York.
[14] S. Noie, "Heat transfer characteristics of a two-phase closed thermosyphon," Applied Thermal Engineering, vol. 25, pp. 495-506, 2005.
[15] A. Alizadehdakhel, M. Rahimi, and A. A. Alsairafi, "CFD modeling of flow and heat transfer in a thermosyphon," International Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer, vol. 37, pp. 312-318, 2010.
[16] H. Zhang and J. Zhuang, "Research, development and industrial application of heat pipe technology in China," Applied Thermal Engineering, vol. 23, pp. 1067-1083, 2003.
[17] D. Patil Aniket and B. Yarasu Ravindra, "Factors Affecting the Thermal Performance of Two Phase Closed Thermosyphon: A Review."
[18] T. Sukchana and C. Jaiboonma, "Effect of Filling Ratios and Adiabatic Length on Thermal Efficiency of Long Heat Pipe Filled with R-134a," Energy Procedia, vol. 34, pp. 298-306, 2013.
[19] D. Wang, Z. Liu, J. Shen, C. Jiang, B. Chen, J. Yang, et al., "Experimental study of the loop heat pipe with a flat disk-shaped evaporator," Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science, vol. 57, pp. 157-164, 2014.