Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 32009
Reducing Weight and Fuel Consumption of Civil Aircraft by EML

Authors: L. Bertola, T. Cox, P. Wheeler, S. Garvey, H. Morvan


Electromagnetic Launch (EML) systems have been proposed for military applications to accelerate jet planes on aircraft carriers. This paper proposes the implementation of similar technology to aid civil aircraft take-off, which can provide significant economic, environmental and technical benefits. Assisted launch has the potential of reducing on ground noise and emissions near airports and improving overall aircraft efficiency through reducing engine thrust requirements. This paper presents a take-off performance analysis for an Airbus A320-200 taking off with and without the assistance of the electromagnetic catapult. Assisted take-off allows for a significant reduction in take-off field length, giving more capacity with existing airport footprints and reducing the necessary footprint of new airports, which will both reduce costs and increase the number of suitable sites. The electromagnetic catapult may allow the installation of smaller engines with lower rated thrust. The consequent fuel consumption and operational cost reduction is estimated. The potential of reducing the aircraft operational costs and the runway length required make EML system an attractive solution to the air traffic growth in busy airports.

Keywords: EML system, fuel consumption, take-off analysis, weight reduction.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 933


[1] G. Atomics. (2014, October). EMALS. Available:
[2] Micheal R. Doyle, Thomas Conway, Robert R. Klimowski, Douglas J. Samuel, "Electromagnetic Aircraft Launch System," IEEE Transaction on Magnetics, vol. 31, pp. 528-533, January 1995.
[3] L. Bertola, T. Cox, P. Wheeler, S. Garvey, H. Morvan, "Civil Application of Electromagnetic Aircraft Launch System," presented at the LDIA, Aachen, 2015.
[4] L. Bertola, T. Cox, P. Wheeler, S. Garvey, H. Morvan, "EML Systems for Civil Aircraft Assisted Take-off," Archive of Electrical Engineering, vol. 64, pp. 543-554, 2015.
[5] Federal Aviation Regulation (FAR), "Part 25: Airworthiness standards: Transport category airplanes," ed, 1970.
[6] International Standard Organization (ISO), "Standard Atmosphere," ed, 1975.
[7] D. P. Raymer, Aircraft Design: a Conceptual Approach, 1992.
[8] Engineering Standard Data Unit (ESDU), "Estimation of drag arising from asymmetry in thrust or airframe configuration," ed, 1989.
[9] European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA), "ICAO, Engine Exhaust Emissions Databank, CFM56 -5-A1," ed, 2015.
[10] E. Torenbeek, Synthesis of subsonic airplane design: Delft University Press, 1976.
[11] A. Commission, "Airport Commission: Final Report," ed. London, 2015.
[12] Envirnomental Protection Agency (EPA), "Average Annual Emissions and Fuel Consumption for Gasoline-Fueled Passenger Cars and Light Trucks," 2008.