Commenced in January 2007
Paper Count: 32009
Trees for Air Pollution Tolerance to Develop Green Belts as an Ecological Mitigation
Abstract:Air pollution both from point and non-point sources is difficult to control once released in to the atmosphere. There is no engineering method known available to ameliorate the dispersed pollutants. The only suitable approach is the ecological method of constructing green belts in and around the pollution sources. Air pollution in Muscat, Oman is a serious concern due to ever increasing vehicles on roads. Identifying the air pollution tolerance levels of species is important for implementing pollution control strategies in the urban areas of Muscat. Hence, in the present study, Air Pollution Tolerance Index (APTI) for ten avenue tree species was evaluated by analyzing four bio-chemical parameters, plus their Anticipated Performance Index (API) in field conditions. Based on the two indices, Ficus benghalensis was the most suitable one with the highest performance score. Conocarpus erectuse, Phoenix dactylifera, and Pithcellobium dulce were found to be good performers and are recommended for extensive planting. Azadirachta indica which is preferred for its dense canopy is qualified in the moderate category. The rest of the tree species expressed lower API score of less than 51, hence cannot be considered as suitable species for pollution mitigation plantation projects.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1339792Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1193
 A. Bernatsky, “The influence of air pollution on plants and animals”, Air Pollution Proceedings First European Congress, Wageningen, pp. 382–395, 1969.
 J.L. Warren, “Green space for air pollution control”, School of Forest Resources, Technical Report No. 50, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina, 1973.
 S.C. Santra, “Greenbelts for pollution abatements”, in Advances in Environmental Science and Technology, Vol. 1 (R.K. Trivedy, Ed.) (Ashish Publishing House, New Delhi, India, 1995, pp. 283–295.
 Y. Fukuoka, “Biometeorological studies on urban climate”, Int. J. Biometeorology, vol.40, no.1, pp. 54–57, 1997
 F.I. Khan and S.A. Abbasi, “Effective design of greenbelts using mathematical models”, J. Hazardous Materials. vol.81, pp. 33–65, 2001.
 F.I. Khan and S.A. Abbasi, “Design of greenbelt for an industrial complex based on mathematical modeling”, Environ. Technol., vol.23, no.7, pp. 799–811, 2002.
 R.M. Moraes, A. Klumpp, C.M. Furlan, G. Klumpp, M. Domingos, M.C.S. Rinaldi and I.F. Modesto, “Tropical fruit trees as bioindicators of industrial air pollution in southeast Brazil”, Environ. Intern., vol.28, pp. 367–374, 2002.
 A.S. Shannigrahi, R.C. Sharma and T. Fukushima, “Air pollution control by optimal green belt development for Victoria Memorial Monument, Kolkata (India)”, Intern. J. Environ. Studies, vol.60, no.3, pp. 241–249, 2003.
 A. S. Shannigrahi, T. Fukushima and R.C. Sharma, “Anticipated air pollution tolerance of some plant species considered for green belt development in and around an industrial/urban area in India: an overview”, Intern. J. Environ. Studies, vol.61, no.2, pp. 125-137. 2004.
 S.M. Seyyednejad and H. Koochak, “Some morphological and biochemical responses due to industrial air pollution in Prosopis juliflora (Swartz) DC plant”, J. Biol. Sci., vol.8, no.18, pp.1968–1974.2013. doi:10. 5897/AJAR10.652.
 A.H. Bu-Olayan and B.V. Thomas, “Assessment of the ultra-mercury levels in selected desert plants”, Int. J. Environ. Sci. Technol., vol.11, no.5, pp.1413–1420, 2014. doi:10.1007/s13762-013-0324-y
 A. H. Bu-Olayan and B. V. Thomas, “Combined effects of particulates dispersion and elemental analysis in desert plants: a modeling tool to air pollution”, Int. J. Environ. Sci. Technol., vol.13, pp.1299–1310, 2016. DOI 10.1007/s13762-016-0968-5
 D.N. Rao, “Sulphur dioxide pollution versus plant injury with special reference to fumigation and precipitation”, Proc. Symposium on Air Pollution Control, Vol. 1 (Indian Association for Air Pollution Control, New Delhi, India, 1983) pp. 91–96,1983.
 D.I. Arnon, “Copper enzymes in isolated chloroplasts”, Plant Physiol., vol.24, pp. 1–15, 1959.
 S.K. Singh and D.N. Rao, “Evaluation of plants for their tolerance to air pollution”, in Proc. Symposium on Air Pollution Control, Vol.1 (Indian Association for Air Pollution Control, New Delhi, India, 1983), pp. 218–224,1983.
 B.J. Prasad and D.N. Rao, “Relative sensitivity of a leguminous and a cereal crop to sulphur dioxide pollution”, Environ. Pollut., vol.29, pp. 59–70,1982.
 D.B. McCormick. And H.L. Greene, “Vitamins”, in Burtis, C.A. and Ashwood E.R. (eds). Tietz Textbook of Clinical Chemistry. 3rd edn, W.B. Saunders Co., Philadelphia, 1999, pp. 999-1028.
 J.H. Roe and C.A. Kuether, “Estimation of ascorbic acid”, J. biol. Chem, vol. 147, pp.3999, 1943
 S. Tiwari, S. Bansal and S. Rai, “Expected performance indices of some planted trees of Bhopal”, Indian J. Environ. Hlth., vol.35, no.4, pp. 282–286,1993.
 P.O. Agbaire, “Air pollution tolerance indices (APTI) of some plants around Erhoike-Kokori oil exploration site of Delta state, Nigeria”. Int. J. Phys. Sci., vol. 4, no.6, pp.366–368, 2009.