Commenced in January 2007
Paper Count: 30121
Comparison of Wind Fragility for Window System in the Simplified 10 and 15-Story Building Considering Exposure Category
Abstract:Window system in high rise building is occasionally subjected to an excessive wind intensity, particularly during typhoon. The failure of window system did not affect overall safety of structural performance; however, it could endanger the safety of the residents. In this paper, comparison of fragility curves for window system of two residential buildings was studied. The probability of failure for individual window was determined with Monte Carlo Simulation method. Then, lognormal cumulative distribution function was used to represent the fragility. The results showed that windows located on the edge of leeward wall were more susceptible to wind load and the probability of failure for each window panel increased at higher floors.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1339690Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 619
 K. H. Lee, and D. V. Rosowsky, “Fragility assessment for roof sheathing failure in high wind regions,” Engineering Structures, 2005, vol. 27, no. 6, pp. 857–868.
 E. Fry, “Typhoon Maemi lashes South Korea. Business Insurance,” http://findarticles.com/particles/mi_hb5252/is_200309/pg_2, 2003.
 Q. Ye, “Typhoon Rusa and Super-Typhoon Maemi in Korea. Final Report, Superstorm ’93,” University Corporation for Atmospheric Research, 2004, http://www.ccb.ucar.edu/superstorm/background.html.
 K. Porter, “Beginner’s guide to fragility, vulnerability, and risk,” Encyclopedia of Earthquake Engineering, 2015, pp. 235–260.
 A. C. Khanduri, and G. C. Morrow, “Vulnerability of Buildings to Windstorms and Insurance Loss Estimation,” Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics, 2003, vol. 91, no. 4, pp. 455–467.
 K. Kondo, J. Kanda, and H. Choi, “Study on Strong Wind Hazard Analysis for Buildings,” Annual Report, 2003, vol. 51, pp. 177–178, Kajima Technical Research Institute, Kajima Corporation, Tokyo.
 M.G. Stewart, “Cyclone Damage and Temporal Changes to Building Vulnerability and Economic Risks for Residential Construction,” Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics, 2003, vol. 91, no. 5, pp. 671–691.
 D. Straub, and A. D. Kiureghian, “Improved Seismic Fragility Modeling from Empirical Data,” Structural Safety, 2008, vol. 30, no. 4, pp. 320–336.
 American Society of Civil Engineers, “Minimum design loads for buildings and other structures (Vol. 7),” American Society of Civil Engineers, 2010.
 H. J. Ham, W. Yun, H. J. Kim, and S. Lee, “Evaluation of Extreme Wind Fragility for Balcony Windows Installed in Mid/Low-Rise Apartments,” Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, 2014, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 19–26.
 B. R. Ellingwood, and P. B. Tekie, “Wind load statistics for probability-based structural design,” Journal of Structural Engineering, 1999, vol. 125, no. 4, pp. 453–463.