Commenced in January 2007
Paper Count: 30827
Accelerating the Uptake of Smart City Applications through Cloud Computing
Abstract:Smart cities are high on the political agenda around the globe. However, planning smart cities and deploying applications dealing with the complex problems of the urban environment is a very challenging task that is difficult to be undertaken solely by the cities. We argue that the uptake of smart city strategies is facilitated, first, through the development of smart city application repositories allowing re-use of already developed and tested software, and, second, through cloud computing which disengages city authorities from any resource constraints, technical or financial, and has a higher impact and greater effect at the city level The combination of these two solutions allows city governments and municipalities to select and deploy a large number of applications dedicated to different city functions, which collectively could create a multiplier effect with a greater impact on the urban environment.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1339658Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1697
 United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division, 2014, World Urbanization Prospects: The 2014 Revision, Highlights (ST/ESA/SER.A/352).
 UN-Habitat, THE CITY WE NEED 2.0 Towards a New Urban Paradigm, UN-Habitat, Nairobi, 2016.
 Komninos, N. The age of intelligent cities: Smart environments and innovation-for-all strategies. Routledge, 2014.
 P. Tsarchopoulos, "Intelligent cities: Technologies, architectures, and governance of the digital space", Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Dept of Urban and Regional Development and Planning., Thessaloniki, 2013.
 E. Cosgrave, K. Arbuthnot and T. Tryfonas, "Living Labs, Innovation Districts and Information Marketplaces: A Systems Approach for Smart Cities", Procedia Computer Science, vol. 16, pp. 668-677, 2013.
 H. Schaffers, "Smart Cities and the Future Internet: Towards Cooperation Frameworks for Open Innovation", in The Future Internet, Future Internet Assembly 2011: Achievements and Technological Promises, 1st ed., Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2011, pp. pp 431-446.
 E. Almirall, M. Lee and A. Majchrzak, "Open innovation requires integrated competition-community ecosystems: Lessons learned from civic open innovation", Business Horizons, vol. 57, no. 3, pp. 391-400, 2014.
 H. Schaffers, C. Ratti and N. Komninos, "Special Issue on Smart Applications for Smart Cities - New Approaches to Innovation: Guest Editors' Introduction", J. theor. appl. electron. commer. res., vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 9-10, 2012.
 F. Caprotti, "Building the smart city: Moving beyond the critiques", UGEC Viewpoints, 2015. (Online). Available: https://ugecviewpoints.wordpress.com/2015/03/24/building-the-smart-city-moving-beyond-the-critiques-part-1/ (Accessed: 07- Jul- 2016).
 D. Schuurman, B. Baccarne and L. De Marez, "Smart Ideas for Smart Cities: Investigating Crowdsourcing for Generating and Selecting Ideas for ICT Innovation in a City Context", J. theor. appl. electron. commer. res., vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 11-12, 2012.
 W. Van Ransbeeck, "5 Ways Crowdsourcing Serves Our Governments", CitizenLab Academy, 2016. (Online). Available: http://citizenlab.co/blog/crowdsourcing/crowdsourcing-for-governments/ (Accessed: 12- Jul- 2016).
 C. Certomà and F. Rizzi, "Smart cities for smart citizens: Enabling urban transitions through crowdsourcing", UGEC Viewpoints, 2015. (Online). Available: https://ugecviewpoints.wordpress.com/2015/08/19/smart-cities-for-smart-citizens-enabling-urban-transitions-through-crowdsourcing/ (Accessed: 06- Jul- 2016).
 A. Anttiroiko, "Smart Planning: The Potential of Web 2.0 for Enhancing Collective Intelligence in Urban Planning", in Emerging Issues, Challenges, and Opportunities in Urban E-Planning, C. Silva, Ed. 2015.
 G. Briscoe and C. Mulligan, "Digital Innovation: The Hackathon Phenomenon", Arts and Humanities Research Council, Queen Mary University, 2014.
 P. Johnson and P. Robinson, "Civic Hackathons: Innovation, Procurement, or Civic Engagement?", Review of Policy Research, vol. 31, no. 4, pp. 349-357, 2014.
 Marstona S, et al. 2011, Cloud computing — The business perspective, Decision Support Systems, Volume 51, Issue 1, Pages 176–189.
 Buyya R, et al. 2009, Cloud computing and emerging IT platforms: Vision, hype, and reality for delivering computing as the 5th utility, Future Generation Computer Systems, 25, 599-616.
 U.S. Department of Commerce - National Institute of Standards and Technology, 2011, The NIST Definition of Cloud Computing, viewed November 5, 2015,
 Gartner IT Glossary: Cloud Computing, viewed November 5, 2015
 C. Kakderi, et al., "Smart Cities and Cloud Computing: Lessons from the STORM CLOUDS experiment", J. Smart Cities, vol. 2, no. 1, 2016.
 M. Ranken, "Future-proofing IT for Smart City Services", Machina Research, 2016.
 Clarke, R. Y. (2013). Smart Cities and the Internet of Everything: The Foundation for Delivering Next-Generation Citizen Services. IDC Government Insights White Paper.
 Living PlanIT. Urban Operating System. Introduction to the Living PlanIT UOS™ Architecture, Open Standards and Protocols. 2012.
 Nam, T., and T. A. Pardo. "Conceptualizing smart city with dimensions of technology, people, and institutions." Proceedings of the 12th Annual International Digital Government Research Conference: Digital Government Innovation in Challenging Times. ACM, 2011.
 Broere, Wout. "Urban Problems-Underground Solutions." Proceedings of the 13th World Conference of ACUUS: Underground Space Development-Opportunities and Challenges, Singapore, 7-9 November 2012. Research Publishing, 2012.
 Bhatta, Basudeb. Analysis of urban growth and sprawl from remote sensing data. Springer Science & Business Media, 2010.
 Ferguson, Ronald F., and William T. Dickens, eds. Urban problems and community development. Brookings Institution Press, 2011.
 GitHub, viewed October 10, 2016 < https://github.com>
 SourceForge, viewed October 10, 2016
 Bitbucket, viewed October 10, 2016
 Code for America, viewed October 1, 2016 < https://goo.gl/opFF9U>
 Apps for Barcelona, viewed October 1, 2016
 Apps for Thessaloniki, viewed October 1, 2016
 D-CENT Project, viewed October 10, 2016
 Clarke, R.Y. Business Strategy: IDC Government Insights' Smart City Maturity Model — Assessment and Action on the Path to Maturity. 2013.
 ICOS: Intelligent City Software and Solutions, viewed October 10, 2016,
 Komninos, N., et al. "Smart City Ontologies: Improving the effectiveness of smart city applications." Journal of Smart Cities 1.1 (2015).
 STORM CLOUDS Project, viewed July 7, 2016
 Cloudification, Wiktionary, viewed September 30, 2016
 H. Chesbrough, W. Vanhaverbeke, and J. West, (2006) Open innovation: Researching a new paradigm. OUP Oxford.
 A. Panori, et al., "Migration of applications to the Cloud: a user-driven approach", J. Smart Cities, vol. 2, no. 1, 2016.
 A. Giannakoulias, "Cloud Computing Security: Protecting Cloud-Based Smart City Applications", J. Smart Cities, vol. 2, no. 1, 2016.
 Migrating Applications to Public Cloud Services: Roadmap for Success, 2013, Cloud Standards Customer Council, viewed July 5, 2016
 Transforming Government – Cloud policy framework for innovation, security, and resilience, 2015, Microsoft, viewed July 9, 2016
 The twelve-factor app – A methodology for building software-as-a-service apps, viewed July 9, 2016
 Finding Your Right Cloud Solution: Private & Public Clouds, 2015, Oracle, viewed July 9, 2016
 The pros and cons of public, private and hybrid clouds, 2015, viewed July 9, 2016
 Open cloud: Just a buzzword or the future of infrastructure?, viewed November 9, 2015
 Open Cloud Alliance: Openness as an Imperative, 2014, Crisp Research AG, viewed November 9, 2015
 What does the Commission mean by secure Cloud computing services in Europe?, 2013, European Commission, viewed November 10, 2015
 David Linthicum, 2014, Application Migration for Healthcare…Best Practices, viewed November 10, 2016
 UK Information Commissioner’s Office, 2014, Conducting privacy impact assessments code of practice.
 New Zealand Government, 2014, Cloud Computing: Information Security and Privacy Considerations, viewed November 10, 2016 < https://goo.gl/ZTfzbR>