Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 30127
Effect of Waste Bottle Chips on Strength Parameters of Silty Soil

Authors: Seyed Abolhasan Naeini, Hamidreza Rahmani

Abstract:

Laboratory consolidated undrained triaxial (CU) tests were carried out to study the strength behavior of silty soil reinforced with randomly plastic waste bottle chips. Specimens mixed with plastic waste chips in triaxial compression tests with 0.25, 0.50, 0.75, 1.0, and 1.25% by dry weight of soil and tree different length including 4, 8, and 12 mm. In all of the samples, the width and thickness of plastic chips were kept constant. According to the results, the amount and size of plastic waste bottle chips played an important role in the increasing of the strength parameters of reinforced silt compared to the pure soil. Because of good results, the suggested method of soil improvement can be used in many engineering problems such as increasing the bearing capacity and settlement reduction in foundations.

Keywords: Soil improvement, waste bottle chips, reinforcement, silt, Triaxial test.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1128141

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1391

References:


[1] F. Changizi, A. Haddad, “Effect of Nano-SiO2 on the geotechnical properties of cohesive Soil,” Geotech Geol Eng., vol. 34, pp. 725–733, 2015.
[2] Mu. Tianhong, “Soil stabilization with fly ash and fibers,” Master Thesis, Southern Illinois University Carbondale, 2013.
[3] A. Laskar, S. Kumar Pal, “Effects of Waste Plastic Fibers on Compaction and Consolidation Behavior of Reinforced Soil, “International Journal of Geotechnical Engineering (IJGE), vol. 18, pp. 1547–1558, 2013.
[4] D.H. Gray, H. Ohashi, “Mechanics of fiber reinforcement in sand,” Journal of the Geotechnical Engineering, vol. 109, pp. 335-353, 1983.
[5] B. Vijayasingam, G.Y. Heng, “The laboratory study of granular soils reinforced with randomly oriented distributed flexible fibers,” Major Research Project, University of Bristol, pp. 45, 2003.
[6] M.H. Maher, D.H. Gray, “Static Response of sands reinforced with randomly distributed fibers, “Journal of Geotechnical Engineering-ASCE, vol. 116, pp.1661–1677, 1990.
[7] G.L. Sivakumar Babu, K. C. Sandeep, “Stress–strain response of plastic waste mixed soil,” Journal of Waste Management, vol.31, pp. 481–488, 2011.
[8] V.K. Srivastava, A.G. Pawar., “Solid particle erosion of glass fibre reinforced flash filled epoxy resin composites,” Composites Science and Technology, vol. 66, pp. 3021–3028, 2006.
[9] C. S. Tang, B. Shi, W.Gao, F.J. Chen, Y.Cai, “Strength and mechanical behavior of short polypropylene fiber reinforced and cement stabilized clayey soil,” Geotextile and Geomembranes, vol. 25, pp. 194–202, 2007.
[10] A. Boominathan, S. Hari, “Liquefaction strength of fly ash reinforced with randomly distributed fibers,” Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering, vol. 22, pp. 1027–1033, 2002.
[11] M.Karimpour-Fard, S.Lemos Machado, N.Shariatmadari, A.Noorzad, “A laboratory study on the MSW mechanical behavior in triaxial apparatus,” Waste Management, vol. 31, pp. 1807–1819, 2011.
[12] R.L. Michalowski, J. Cermak, “Strength anisotropy of fiber-reinforced sand,” Computers and Geotechnique, vol. 29, pp. 279–299,2002.
[13] N.Consoli, J.Montardo, P.Prietto., “Engineering Behavior of Sand Reinforced with Plastic Waste,” J. Geotech. Geoenviron, vol. 128, pp. 462-472, 2002.
[14] N. C. Consoli, Vendruscolo, P.D.M. Prietto, “Behavior of plate load tests on soil layers improved with cement and fiber,” J. Geotech. Geoenviron, Eng. ASCE, vol. 129, pp. 96–101.2003.
[15] A. Kumar, B. Walia, A. Bajaj, “Influence of Fly Ash, Lime, and Polyester Fibers on Compaction and Strength Properties of Expansive Soil”, Journal of Material in Civil Engineering, ASCE, vol. 19, pp. 242-248. 2007.
[16] G. Babu, A. Vasudevan, “Strength and Stiffness Response of Coir Fiber-Reinforced Tropical Soil”, Journal of Material in Civil Engineering, vol. 20, pp. 571-577, 2008.
[17] S. Shukla, N.Sibakugan, A.Singh, “Analytical Model for Fiber-Reinforced Granular Soils under High Confining Stresses”, Journal of Material in Civil Engineering, vol. 22, pp. 935-942, 2010.
[18] G.L.S. Babu, S. Kumar Chouksey, “Stress–strain response of plastic waste mixed soil,” Waste Management, vol. 31, pp. 481–488, 2011.
[19] R.Pillai, R. Ayothiraman, “An Innovative Technique of Improving the Soil using Human Hair Fibers”, Proceedings of Indian Geotechnical Conference, pp. 408-411. December 13-15, 2012.
[20] A. Mohamed, “Improvement of Swelling Clay Properties Using Hay Fibers”, Construction and Building Materials, vol. 38, pp. 242-247, 2013.
[21] ASTM D422, “Standard test method for particle-size analysis of soils,” American Society for Testing and Materials, 2003.
[22] ASTM D698, “Standard Test Methods for Laboratory Compaction Characteristics of Soil Using Standard Effort,” American Society for Testing and Materials, 2012.
[23] ASTM D4767, “Standard Test Method for Consolidated Undrained Triaxial Compression Test for Cohesive Soils,” American Society for Testing and Materials, 2011.