Agriculture in the Dominican Republic: Competitiveness in a New Trade Regime and Lessons for Cuba
Authors: Sarita D. Jackson
Agriculture remains a sensitive issue during multilateral trade negotiations within the World Trade Organization (WTO). Similar problems arise at the bilateral level, as in the case of trade talks between the United States and the Dominican Republic. The study explores the determinant of agricultural industry competitiveness in the 21st century, particularly in the case of U.S. and Dominican agriculture in each other’s market. Complementing existing scholarship on industry competitiveness, the study argues that trade rules that are established under preferential access programs and trade agreements play a significant role in shaping an industry’s ability to compete. The final analysis is used to offer recommendations to the same sector in Cuba. Cuba currently relies heavily on U.S. food imports and is experiencing the gradual opening of trade with the United States.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1128079Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 565
 A. M. Butcher, “U.S.-Central America-Dominican Republic Free Trade Agreement: Potential Economywide and Selected Sectoral Effects,” USITC Publication 3717, pp. 1-139, Aug. 2004.
 S. W. Hartman, “The WTO, the Doha Round Impasse, PTAs, and FTAs/RTAs,” The International Trade Journal, vol. 27, pp. 411-430, 2013.
 C. Brown, “Trade Integration and Institutional Reform in Latin America: Can the FTAA Be Revived?” Law and Business Review of the Americas, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 221-248, 2009.
 P. Krugman, “Competitiveness: A dangerous obsession,” Foreign Affairs, vol. 73, no. 2, pp. 28-44, Mar. 1994.
 J. Lombana, “Looking for a distinctive model with which to analyze competitiveness,” Advances in Competitiveness Research, vol. 19, no. 3&4, pp. 32-44, 2011.
 R. D. Atkinson, “Competitiveness, innovation and productivity: clearing up the confusion,” The Information Technology & Innovation Foundation, pp. 1-7, Aug. 2013.
 M. E. Porter, “The competitive advantage of nations,” Harvard Business Review, vol. 68, no. 2, pp. 73-93, Mar.-Apr. 1990.
 M.E. Porter, The Competitive Advantage of Nations. New York: Free Press, 1990.
 “The relation between competition, competitiveness, and development,” United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, pp. 1-21, May 2002. (“La relación entre la competencia, la competitividad y el desarrollo,” Conferencia de las Naciones Unidas sobre Comercio y Desarrollo, pp. 1-21, mayo 2002.)
 “Global competitiveness report 2014-2015,” World Economic Forum, pp. 1-10.
 A. M. Rugman and A. Verbeke, “Multinational enterprises and clusters: an organizing framework,” MIR: Management International Review, vol. 43, no. 3, pp. 151-169, 2003.
 S. Nazarov, “The systemic cognitive model of increasing the competitiveness of the region,” Perspectives of Innovations, Economics & Business, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 87-93, 2012.
 “Dominican agro sector: Time to renegotiate DR-CAFTA free trade deal,” Dominican Today, 29 Sept. 2016.
 J. A. Brander and B. J. Spencer, “Export subsidies and international market share rivalry,” National Bureau of Economic Research Working Paper Series, no. 1464, pp. 1-31, Sept. 1984.
 S. Jackson, It’s Not Just the Economy, Stupid! Trade Competitiveness in the 21st Century. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2016.
 D. Greene and T. Roe, “Trade, exchange rate, and agricultural pricing policies in the Dominican Republic,” World Bank Comparative Studies, vol. 1, 1989, pp. 1-407.
 “The World Factbook,” CIA. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/dr.html (accessed Sept. 2, 2016)
 A. Kay and P. Baker, “What can causal process tracing offer to policy studies? A review of the literature,” Policy Studies Journal, vol. 43, no. 1, 2015, pp. 1-22.
 L. A. DiRicco, “Assessment of rules of origin under the Caribbean Basin Economic Recovery Act,” USITC Publication 2381, pp. 1-78, May 1991.
 C. Galián, “A raw deal for rice under DR-CAFTA: How the Free Trade Agreement threatens the livelihoods of Central American farmers,” Oxfam Briefing Paper, pp. 1-56, Nov. 2004.
 J. Severino, “Producers strengthen their position and pressure on the negotiators” (“Productores arrecian posición y presionan a los negociadores”), Listín Diario, 10 Jan. 2004.
 “Cultivating Cuba’s agricultural sector,” Cuba Business Report, 1 Aug. 2016 http://www.cubabusinessreport.com/cultivating-cubas-agricultural-sector/ (accessed Oct. 2, 2016)
 “U.S. agricultural exports to Cuba have substantial room for growth,” International Agricultural Trade Report, U.S. Department of Agriculture, June 22, 2015