Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 31515
Sulfur Removal of Hydrocarbon Fuels Using Oxidative Desulfurization Enhanced by Fenton Process

Authors: Mahsa Ja’fari, Mohammad R. Khosravi-Nikou, Mohsen Motavassel


A comprehensive development towards the production of ultra-clean fuels as a feed stoke is getting to raise due to the increasing use of diesel fuels and global air pollution. Production of environmental-friendly fuels can be achievable by some limited single methods and most integrated ones. Oxidative desulfurization (ODS) presents vast ranges of technologies possessing suitable characteristics with regard to the Fenton process. Using toluene as a model fuel feed with dibenzothiophene (DBT) as a sulfur compound under various operating conditions is the attempt of this study. The results showed that this oxidative process followed a pseudo-first order kinetics. Removal efficiency of 77.43% is attained under reaction time of 40 minutes with (Fe+2/H2O2) molar ratio of 0.05 in acidic pH environment. In this research, temperature of 50 °C represented the most influential role in proceeding the reaction.

Keywords: Design of experiment, dibenzothiophene, optimization, oxidative desulfurization.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1185


[1] M. K. Bolla, H. A. Choudhury, and V. S. Moholkar, “Mechanistic features of ultrasound-assisted oxidative desulfurization of liquid fuels,” Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., vol. 51, p. 9705−9712, May 2012.
[2] S. S. Cheng, “Ultra clean fuels via modified UAOD process with room temprature ionic liquid (RTIL) & solid catalyst polishing,” Ph.D. Thesis, University of Southern California 256p, May 2008.
[3] A. M. Dehkordi, M. A. Sobati, and M. A. Nazem, “Oxidative desulfurization of non-hydrotreated Kerosene using Hydrogen Peroxide and Acetic Acid,” Chinese J. Chem. Eng., vol. 17, no. 5, pp. 869–874, August 2009.
[4] Y. Dai, D. Zhao, and Y. Qi, “Sono-desulfurization oxidation reactivities of FCC diesel fuel in metal ion/H2O2 systems,” Ultrason. Sonochem., vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 264–268, June 2011.
[5] A. Deshpande, A. Bassi, and A. Prakash, “Ultrasound-assisted, base-catalyzed oxidation of 4,6-dimethyldibenzothiophene in a biphasic diesel-acetonitrile system,” Energy and Fuels, vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 28–34, October 2005.
[6] F. A. Duarte, P. de A. Mello, C. A. Bizzi, M. A. G. Nunes, E. M. Moreira, M. S. Alencar, H. N. Motta, V. L. Dressler, and É. M. M. Flores, “Sulfur removal from hydrotreated petroleum fractions using ultrasound-assisted oxidative desulfurization process,” Fuel, vol. 90, no. 6, pp. 2158–2164, January 2011.
[7] J. B. Bhasarkar, S. Chakma, and V. S. Moholkar, “Mechanistic features of oxidative desulfurization using sono Fenton-Peracetic Acid (Ultrasound/Fe2+−CH3COOH−H2O2) system,” Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., vol. 52, pp. 9038–9047, June 2013.
[8] Y. Dai, Y. Qi, D. Zhao, and H. Zhang, “An oxidative desulfurization method using ultrasound/Fenton’s reagent for obtaining low and/or ultra-low sulfur diesel fuel,” Fuel Process. Technol., vol. 89, no. 10, pp. 927–932, March 2008.
[9] H. Mei, B. W. Mei, and T. F. Yen, “A new method for obtaining ultra-low sulfur diesel fuel via ultrasound assisted oxidative desulfurization,” Fuel, vol. 82, no. 4, pp. 405–414, September 2003.
[10] P. D. a Mello, F. a. Duarte, M. a G. Nunes, M. S. Alencar, E. M. Moreira, M. Korn, V. L. Dressler, and E. M. M. Flores, “Ultrasound-assisted oxidative process for sulfur removal from petroleum product feedstock,” Ultrason. Sonochem., vol. 16, no. 6, pp. 732–736, March 2009.
[11] Z. Shayegan, M. Razzaghi, A. Niaei, D. Salari, M. T. S. Tabar, and A. N. Akbari, “Sulfur removal of gas oil using ultrasound-assisted catalytic oxidative process and study of its optimum conditions,” Korean J. Chem. Eng., vol. 30, no. 9, pp. 1751–1759, May 2013.
[12] M.-W. Wan, L. C. C. Biel, M.-C. Lu, R. de Leon, and S. Arco, “Ultrasound-assisted oxidative desulfurization (UAOD) using phosphotungstic acid: effect of process parameters on sulfur removal,” Desalin. Water Treat., vol. 47, no. 1–3, pp. 96–104, March 2012.
[13] M. A. Sobati, A. M. Dehkordi, and M. Shahrokhi, “Extraction of oxidized sulfur-containing compounds of non-hydrotreated gas oil,” Chem. Eng. Technol., vol. 33, no. 9, pp. 1515–1524, May 2010.
[14] M. a. Kelkar, P. R. Gogate, and A. B. Pandit, “Process intensification using cavitation: Optimization of oxidation conditions for synthesis of sulfone,” Ultrason. Sonochem., vol. 13, no. 6, pp. 523–528, October 2006.
[15] Z. Wu and B. Ondruschka, “Ultrasound-assisted oxidative desulfurization of liquid fuels and its industrial application,” Ultrason. Sonochem., vol. 17, no. 6, pp. 1027–1032, November 2010.
[16] I. Saraiva, J. P. Vilar, F. C. V Silva, and R. A. R. Boaventura, “Biodegradability enhancement of a leachate after biological lagooning using a solar driven Photo-Fenton reaction, and further combination with an activated sludge biological process, at pre-industrial scale,” vol. 7, April 2013.
[17] S. Sanchis, A. M. Polo, M. Tobajas, J. J. Rodriguez, and A. F. Mohedano, “Coupling Fenton and biological oxidation for the removal of nitrochlorinated herbicides from water,” Water Res., vol. 49, pp. 197–206, November 2013.
[18] R. Omrani Manesh, "Investigation of physico-chemical treatment of Shiraz landfill leachate," MSc. thesis, Civil Environmental Engineering University, Shiraz, 134p, June 2008.
[19] A. B. Engin, O. Ozdemir, M. Turan, and A. Z. Turan, “Color removal from textile dyebath effluents in a zeolite fixed bed reactor: determination of optimum process conditions using Taguchi method,” J. Hazard. Mater., vol. 159, no. 2–3, pp. 348–53, February 2008.
[20] S. V. Mohan, B. P. Reddy, and P. N. Sarma, “Bioresource technology Ex situ slurry phase bioremediation of chrysene contaminated soil with the function of metabolic function: Process evaluation by data enveloping analysis (DEA) and Taguchi design of experimental methodology (DOE),” Bioresource Technology, vol. 100, pp. 164–172, June 2009.
[21] M.-C. Lu, L. C. C. Biel, M.-W. Wan, R. de Leon, and S. Arco, “The Oxidative Desulfurization of Fuels with a Transition Metal Catalyst: A Comparative Assessment of Different Mixing Techniques,” Int. J. Green Energy, vol. 11, no. 8, pp. 833–848, September 2014.