Wind Fragility of Window Glass in 10-Story Apartment with Two Different Window Models
Damage due to high wind is not limited to load resistance components such as beam and column. The majority of damage is due to breach in the building envelope such as broken roof, window, and door. In this paper, wind fragility of window glass in residential apartment was determined to compare the difference between two window configuration models. Monte Carlo Simulation method had been used to derive damage data and analytical fragilities were constructed. Fragility of window system showed that window located in leeward wall had higher probability of failure, especially those close to the edge of structure. Between the two window models, Model 2 had higher probability of failure, this was due to the number of panel in this configuration.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1127950Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 773
 G. Carpenter, “Typhoon Maemi loss report 2003,” Guy Carpenter & Co. Ltd., Asia Pacific Practice, Tower Place, London, EC3R 5BU, 16, 2003.
 K. H. Lee, and D. V. Rosowsky, “Fragility assessment for roof sheathing failure in high wind regions,” Engineering Structures, 2005, vol. 27, no. 6, pp. 857–868.
 ASTM E 1300-04 “Standard practice for determining load resistance of glass in buildings,” West Conshohocken, PA, 19428-2959, 2004.
 K. Porter, “Beginner’s guide to fragility, vulnerability, and risk,” Encyclopedia of Earthquake Engineering, 2015, pp. 235–260.
 P. J. Vickery, P. F. Skerlj, J. Lin, L. A. Twisdale Jr, M. A. Young, and F. M. Lavelle, “HAZUS-MH hurricane model methodology. II: Damage and loss estimation,” Natural Hazards Review, 2006, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 94-103.
 B. R. Ellingwood, and P. B. Tekie, “Wind load statistics for probability-based structural design,” Journal of Structural Engineering, 1999, vol. 125, no. 4, pp. 453–463.
 H. J. Ham, W. Yun, H. J. Kim, and S. Lee, “Evaluation of Extreme Wind Fragility for Balcony Windows Installed in Mid/Low-Rise Apartments,” Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation, 2014, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 19–26.
 American Society of Civil Engineers, “Minimum design loads for buildings and other structures (Vol. 7),” American Society of Civil Engineers, 2010.