Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 30121
Development of Total Maximum Daily Load Using Water Quality Modelling as an Approach for Watershed Management in Malaysia

Authors: S. A. Che Osmi, W. M. F. Wan Ishak, H. Kim, M. A. Azman, M. A. Ramli

Abstract:

River is one of important water sources for many activities including industrial and domestic usage such as daily usage, transportation, power supply and recreational activities. However, increasing activities in a river has grown the sources of pollutant enters the water bodies, and degraded the water quality of the river. It becomes a challenge to develop an effective river management to ensure the water sources of the river are well managed and regulated. In Malaysia, several approaches for river management have been implemented such as Integrated River Basin Management (IRBM) program for coordinating the management of resources in a natural environment based on river basin to ensure their sustainability lead by Department of Drainage and Irrigation (DID), Malaysia. Nowadays, Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL) is one of the best approaches for river management in Malaysia. TMDL implementation is regulated and implemented in the United States. A study on the development of TMDL in Malacca River has been carried out by doing water quality monitoring, the development of water quality model by using Environmental Fluid Dynamic Codes (EFDC), and TMDL implementation plan. The implementation of TMDL will help the stakeholders and regulators to control and improve the water quality of the river. It is one of the good approaches for river management in Malaysia.

Keywords: EFDC, river management, TMDL, water quality modelling.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1127633

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 802

References:


[1] A. Lee, S. Cho, M. J. Park, and S. Kim, “Determination of standard target water quality in the Nakdong River Basin for the total maximum daily load management system in Korea,” KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering., vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 309-319, 2013.
[2] C. F. Chen, H. W. Ma, and K. H. Reckhow, “Assessment of water quality management with a systematic qualitative uncertainty analysis,” Science of the Total Environment, vol. 374, pp. 13–25, Jan. 2007.
[3] C. Santhi, R. Srinivasan, J.G. Arnold, and J.R. Williams, “A modeling approach to evaluate the impacts of water quality management plans implemented in a watershed in Texas,” Environmental Modelling & Software, vol. 21, pp. 1141-1157, 2006.
[4] D. I. Lee, C. K. Park, and H. S. Cho, “Ecological modeling for water quality management of Kwangyang Bay, Korea,” Journal of Environmental Management, vol. 74, pp. 327–337, 2005.
[5] G. Barjoveanu, C. Teodosiu, C. Cojocariu, D. Augustijn, and I. Craciun, “Instruments for Integrated Water Resources Management: Water Quality Modeling for Sustainable Wastewater Management,” Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, vol. 12, no.8, pp. 1679-1690, August 2013.
[6] H. X. Zhang, “Linking TMDL Development with Implementation using Watershed Modeling Tools: Successful Applications and Future Challenges,” World Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2012: Crossing Boundaries, 2012.
[7] H.A. Rahman, and R. Hashim. Manusia dan Kelestarian Persekitaran. Terengganu: Universiti Malaysia Terengganu (UMT), 2012. pp. 35.
[8] J. D. Bowen and N. Rajbhandari, “Estimating Dissolved Oxygen Depletion from Anthropogenic and Riverine Loadings Using a Three-Dimensional Water Quality Model,” Estuarine and Coastal Modeling, pp. 274-294, 2011.
[9] J. M. Hamrick, “A three-dimensional environmental fluid dynamics computer code: Theoretical and computational aspects,” The College of William and Mary, Virginia Institute of Marine Science, Special Report 317, 1992, pp. 63.
[10] J. M. Hamrick, “Application of the EFDC hydrodynamic model to Lake Okeechobee,” A report to South Florida Water Management District, JMH-SFWMD-96-2, John M. Hamrick, Consulting Engineer, Williamsburg, VA, 1996, pp. 63.
[11] J. Zhou, R. A. Falconer, and B. Lin, “Refinements to the EFDC model for predicting the hydro-environmental impacts of a barrage across the Severn Estuary,” Renewable Energy, vol. 62, pp. 490-505, 2014.
[12] J.R. Karr, and C.O. Yoder, “Biological Assessment and Criteria Improve Total Maximum Daily Load Decision Making,” Journal of Environmental Engineering, vol.130, no.6, pp. 594, June 2004.
[13] L. F. Leon, E. D. Soulis, N. Kouwen and G. J. Farquhar, “Nonpoint Source Pollution: a Distributed Water Quality Modeling Approach,” Water Resources, vol. 35, no. 4, pp. 997-1007, 2001.
[14] L. Zhao, X.L. Zhang, Y. Liu, B. He, X. Zhu, R. Zou, and Y. Zhu, “Three-dimensional hydrodynamic and water quality model for TMDL development of Lake Fuxian, China,” Journal of Environmental Sciences, vol. 24, no.8, pp. 1355–1363, March 2012.
[15] L. Zhao, Y. Li, R. Zou, B. He, X. Zhu, Y. Liu, J. Wang, and Y. Zhu, “A three-dimensional water quality modeling approach for exploring the eutrophication responses to load reduction scenarios in Lake Yilong (China),” Environmental Pollution, vol. 177, pp. 13-21, Jan 2013.
[16] N. Singkran, “Water quality and TMDL determinations for the Chaopraya River, Thailand,” Environmental Science and Information Application Technology, Chapter: 5. CRC Press/Balkema. David Chan, 2015, pp.27–32.
[17] R. Zou, S. Carter, L. Shoemaker, A. Parker, and T. Henry, “Integrated Hydrodynamic and Water Quality Modeling System to Support Nutrient Total Maximum Daily Load Development for Wissahickon Creek, Pennsylvania,” Journal of Environmental Engineering, vol. 132, no. 4 pp. 555-566, April 2006.
[18] S. C. Chapra, “Engineering Water Quality Models and TMDLs,” Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management, pp. 247-256. July/August 2003. (Forum).
[19] S. Gulati, A. A. Stubblefield, J. S. Hanlon, C. L. Spier, and W. T. Stringfellow, “Use of continuous and grab sample data for calculating total maximum daily load (TMDL) in agricultural watersheds,” Chemosphere, October 2013. (articles in press).
[20] S. S. Park, and Y. S. Lee, “A water quality modeling study of the Nakdong River, Korea,” Ecological Modelling, vol. 152, pp. 65–75, 2002.
[21] T. A. Wool; S. R. Davie; and H. N. Rodriguez, “Development of Three-Dimensional Hydrodynamic and Water Quality Models to Support Total Maximum Daily Load Decision Process for the Neuse River Estuary, North Carolina,” Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management, vol. 129, no. 4, pp. 295-306, July 2003.
[22] T. B. Culver, T. R. Naperala, A. L. Potts, H. X. Zhang, K. A. Neeley and S. L. Yu, “Case Study of Impact of Total Maximum Daily Load Allocations on Nitrate Leaching,” Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management, vol. 128, no. 4, pp. 262-270, 2002.
[23] T. Song, and K. Kim, “Development of a water quality loading index based on water quality modelling,” Journal of Environmental Management, vol. 90, pp. 1534–1543, Jan. 2009.
[24] T. X. Hernandez, “Simple Tools for Water Quality Modeling and TMDL Development,” World Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2008 Ahupua'a, 2008.
[25] V. Cabrera-Stagno, “Developing effective TMDLs: an evaluation of the TMDL process,” Proceedings: Water Environment Federation TMDL 2007 Conference, Bellevue, Washington, pp. 443-453, 2007.
[26] Y. Wu, and J. Chen, “Investigating the effects of point source and nonpoint source pollution on the water quality of the East River (Dongjiang) in South China,” Ecological Indicators, vol. 32, pp. 294– 304, April 2013.
[27] Z. Wang, R. Zou, X. Zhu, B. He, G. Yuan, L. Zhao, and Y. Liu,” Predicting lake water quality responses to load reduction: a three-dimensional modeling approach for total maximum daily load,” International Journal Environmental Science Technology, May 2013.