Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 31533
Strategy in Controlling Rice-Field Conversion in Pangkep Regency, South Sulawesi, Indonesia

Authors: Nurliani, Ida Rosada


The national rice consumption keeps increasing along with raising income of the households and the rapid growth of population. However, food availability, particularly rice, is limited. Impacts of rice-field conversion have run cumulatively, as we can see on potential losses of rice and crops production, as well as work opportunity that keeps increasing year-by-year. Therefore, it requires policy recommendation to control rice-field conversion through economic, social, and ecological approaches. The research was a survey method intended to: (1) Identify internal factors; quality and productivity of the land as the cause of land conversion, (2) Identify external factors of land conversion, value of the rice-field and the competitor’s land, workforce absorption, and regulation, as well as (3) Formulate strategies in controlling rice-field conversion. Population of the research was farmers who applied land conversion at Pangkep Regency, South Sulawesi. Samples were determined using the incidental sampling method. Data analysis used productivity analysis, land quality analysis, total economic value analysis, and SWOT analysis. Results of the research showed that the quality of rice-field was low as well as productivity of the grains (unhulled-rice). So that, average productivity of the grains and quality of rice-field were low as well. Total economic value of rice-field was lower than the economic value of the embankment. Workforce absorption value on rice-field was higher than on the embankment. Strategies in controlling such rice-field conversion can be done by increasing rice-field productivity, improving land quality, applying cultivation technique of specific location, improving the irrigation lines, and socializing regulation and sanction about the transfer of land use.

Keywords: Land conversion, quality of rice-field, land economic value, strategy in controlling.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 939


[1] Amacher, Michael; O’Neil Katherine; Perry Charles H., 2007. Soil Vital Signs: A New Soil Quality Index (SQI) for Assessing Forest Soil Health. Res.Rap RMRS-RP-65www. Department of Agriculture. Rocky Mountain Research Station.
[2] Anonym, 2011. Rice Production in South Sulawesi. Central Bureau of Statistics, South Sulawesi, Makassar.
[3] Anonym, 2009. Guidance of Economic Valuation on Peat Ecosystem. State Ministry of Biological Environment, Jakarta.
[4] Anonym, 2015. Improving the Integrated Rice Productivity in South Sulawesi. Department of Agriculture for Crops and Horticulture in South Sulawesi, Makassar.
[5] Bambang Irawan, 2005. Rice-Field Conversion Has Negative Impact on Food Security, Jakarta; Journal of News on Agricultural Research and Development, Volume 27(6).
[6] Dedi Sugianto, Andi Ishak, and Hamdan, 2014. Factors that Affect the Transfer of Land Use From Rice-Field Into Oil Palm Estate and Its Controlling Strategy in Bengkulu, Bureau of Review on Agricultural Technology, Bengkulu.
[7] Djaenudin, D., Marwan H., Subagyo and Hidayat, A., 2003. Technical Directions on Land Evaluation for Agricultural Commodities. Board of Agricultural Research and Development. Research Center for Soil and Agroclimate, Bogor.
[8] Dumanski. J. Pieri., 2000. Land Quality Indicators; Research Plan. Agriculture, Ecosystem and Environment.
[9] Ida Rosada and Nurliani., 2006. Study on Potential Development of Farming Operation in South Sulawesi. Result of Research by Balitbangda, South Sulawesi.
[10] Irawan, B and S. Friyatno, 2002. Impact of Rice-Field Conversion in Java on Rice Production and Its Controlling Policy. Denpasar. Journal of Socio-Economic Agriculture and Agribusiness SOCA: Vol.2(2). Faculty of Agriculture, University of Udayana.
[11] Irawan, 2005. Rice-Field Conversion: Potential Impact, Utilization Pattern and Determinant Factor. Research Forum of Agro Economy: Vol.23.
[12] Rajendra P Shrestha., 2008. Assisted land evaluation for agricultural development in Mekong Delta, Southern Vietnam. Journal of Sustainable Development in Africa. Vol 10 (2), Clarion University of Pennsylvania. Clarion.
[13] Rayes. L.M., 2007. Inventarization Method of Land Resources. Yogyakarta, Published by Andi. pp. 298.
[14] Soemarno, 2011. SWOT Analysis in Review of Environment and Development. PPS Unibraw. Malang.
[15] Syekhfani, 2010. Correlation among Soil Nutrient, Water, and Plant. Principles in Managing Continuation of Fertile Soil. ITS Press, Surabaya.
[16] Sys C., Van Ranst E, Debaveye J., 1991. Land Evaluation part I. Principles in Land Evaluation and Crop Production Calculations. General Administration for Development Cooperation, Brussels-Belgium.
[17] Sys C., Van Ranst E, Debaveye J., 1993. Land Evaluation Part III. Crop requirements. General Administration for Development Cooperation, Brussels-Belgium.
[18] Sumaryanto, Supena Friyanto, and Bambang Irawan. 2006. Rice-Field Conversion to Non Agricultural Use and Its Negative Impact. Center for Research and Development of Agricultural Socio-Economy, Bogor.
[19] Suroso, Sulastri. Development of Production and growth of Imported Rice, as well as Government Policy to Protect the Farmer. Bunga, Jakarta, Various Economics of Rice. The Reviewing Team of National Rice Affairs Policy, LPEM – FEUI, Jakarta. 2001.