Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 30127
From Risk/Security Analysis via Timespace to a Model of Human Vulnerability and Human Security

Authors: Anders Troedsson

Abstract:

For us humans, risk and insecurity are intimately linked to vulnerabilities - where there is vulnerability, there is potentially risk and insecurity. Reducing vulnerability through compensatory measures means decreasing the likelihood of a certain external event be qualified as a risk/threat/assault, and thus also means increasing the individual’s sense of security. The paper suggests that a meaningful way to approach the study of risk/ insecurity is to organize thinking about the vulnerabilities that external phenomena evoke in humans as perceived by them. Such phenomena are, through a set of given vulnerabilities, potentially translated into perceptions of "insecurity." An ontological discussion about salient timespace characteristics of external phenomena as perceived by humans, including such which potentially can be qualified as risk/threat/assault, leads to the positing of two dimensions which are central for describing what in the paper is called the essence of risk/threat/assault. As is argued, such modeling helps analysis steer free of the subjective factor which is intimately connected to human perception and which mediates between phenomena “out there” potentially identified as risk/threat/assault, and their translation into an experience of security or insecurity. A proposed set of universally given vulnerabilities are scrutinized with the help of the two dimensions, resulting in a modeling effort featuring four realms of vulnerabilities which together represent a dynamic whole. This model in turn informs modeling on human security.

Keywords: Human vulnerabilities, human security, inert-immediate, material-immaterial, timespace.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1127428

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 643

References:


[1] Smith RS (1995): "Giving Credit Where Credit Is Due: Dorothy Swaine Thomas and the 'Thomas Theorem' ", in: American Sociologist, Winter 95, 26:4, pp. 9-28.
[2] Reith G (2004): "Uncertain Times: The Notion of ‘Risk’ and the Development of Modernity", in: Time & Society, 13:2/3, pp. 383–402. Pp. 385 f.
[3] Bajpai K (2004): "An Expression of Threats Versus Capabilities Across Time and Space", in: Security Dialogue, 35:3, pp. 360-1. P 360.
[4] Møller, B (2000): "National, societal and human security: General discussion with a case study from the Balkans", in: What Agenda for Human Security in the Twenty-first Century. Proceedings. First International Meeting of Directors of Peace Research and Training Institutions, 27-29 November 2000. Paris: UNESCO. P. 43.
[5] Akhundov M (1986): Conceptions of Space and Time: Sources, Evolution, Directions. Cambridge MA: MIT Press. Pp. 15 ff.
[6] Mead GH (1932): The Philosophy of the Present. LaSalle, IL: Open Court. Pp. 119 f.
[7] Grubbström RW (1973): Economic decisions in space and time: Theoretical and experimental inquiries into the cause of economic motion. Thesis Gothenburg University: Gothenburg. P. 18.
[8] ten Have, H (2015): "Respect for Human Vulnerability: The Emergence of a New Principle in Bioethics", in Bioethical Inquiry, 12, pp. 395-408.
[9] Matthews, S, and B Tobin (2016): "Human vulnerability in medical contexts", in Theor Med Bioeth, 37: pp. 1-7. P. 2.
[10] Maslow A (1954): Motivation and personality. Harper, New York.
[11] Coate RA and J Rosati (eds) (1988): The power of human needs in world society. Boulder and London: Lynne Rienner.
[12] Doyal L and I Gough (1991): A theory of human need. Basingstoke: Macmillan Education.
[13] King LA (1998): "Economic growth and basic human needs", in: International Studies Quarterly, 42(2): pp. 385-401.
[14] Seeley E (1992): "Human needs and consumer economics: The implication of Maslow´s theory of motivation for consumer expenditure patterns", in: Journal of Socio-Economics, 21(4): pp. 303-325.
[15] Welch RM (1999): "A new paradigm for world agriculture: meeting human needs. Productive, sustainable, nutritious", in: Field Crops Research, 60(1-2): pp. 1-10.
[16] Wilk R (2002): "Consumption, human needs, and global environmental change", in: Global Environmental Change, 12(1): pp. 5-13.
[17] Fromm E (1983): Flykten från friheten. Stockholm: Natur och Kultur. Tredje upplagan. Chapter 1, p. 20.
[18] Maslow A (1954): Motivation and personality. Harper, New York. Pp. 89 f.
[19] Miller A (1985): Det självutplånande barnet. Stockholm: Wahlström och Widstrand. Pp. 14 ff.
[20] Frankl VE (1946): Man's Search for Meaning. Pp. 84 ff, 90.
[21] Cassirer E (1944): An Essay on Man. An Introduction to a Philosophy of Human Culture. Garden City, NY: Doubleday Anchor Books. P. 55.
[22] Olofsson PO et al (1993): Existens och sociala relationer. Skiss till en existentiell socialpsykologi. Lund: Studentlitteratur. Pp. 23 ff.
[23] Braun K (2007): "Biopolitics and Temporality in Arendt and Foucault", in: Time & Society, 16: 1, pp. 5–23. Pp. 13, 17.