Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 31435
Knowledge Management as Tool for Environmental Management System Implementation in Higher Education Institutions

Authors: Natalia Marulanda Grisales


The most significant changes in the characteristics of consumers have contributed to the development and adoption of methodologies and tools that enable organizations to be more competitive in the marketplace. One of these methodologies is the integration of Knowledge Management (KM) phases and Environmental Management Systems (EMS). This integration allows companies to manage and share the required knowledge for EMS adoption, from the place where it is generated to the place where it is going to be exploited. The aim of this paper is to identify the relationship between KM phases as a tool for the adoption of EMS in HEI. The methodology has a descriptive scope and a qualitative approach. It is based on a case study and a review of the literature about KM and EMS. We conducted 266 surveys to students, professors and staff at Minuto de Dios University (Colombia). Data derived from the study indicate that if a HEI wants to achieve an adequate knowledge acquisition and knowledge transfer, it must have clear goals for implementing an EMS. Also, HEI should create empowerment and training spaces for students, professors and staff. In the case study, HEI must generate alternatives that enhance spaces of knowledge appropriation. It was found that 85% of respondents have not received any training from HEI about EMS. 88% of respondents believe that the actions taken by the university are not efficient to knowledge transfer in order to develop an EMS.

Keywords: Environmental management systems, higher education institutions, knowledge management. training.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 991


[1] L. Trivella y N. K. Dimitrios, «Knowledge Management Strategy within the Higher Education. The Case of Greece», en Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 2015, vol. 175, pp. 488-495.
[2] P. Lambe, «The unacknowledged parentage of knowledge management», J. Knowl. Manag., vol. 15, n.o 2, pp. 175-197, abr. 2011.
[3] B. Nooteboom, «Learning by Interaction: Absorptive Capacity, Cognitive Distance and Governance», J. Manag. Gov., vol. 4, n.o 1-2, pp. 69-92, mar. 2000.
[4] M. R. Mehregan, M. Jamporazmey, M. Hosseinzadeh, y A. Kazemi, «An integrated approach of critical success factors (CSFs) and grey relational analysis for ranking KM systems», Procedia - Soc. Behav. Sci., vol. 41, pp. 402-409, 2012.
[5] S. Dutta y A. DeMeyer, «Knowledge Management and Business Model Innovation», en Knowledge management and business model innovation, Y. Malhotra, Ed. Hershey, PA, USA: IGI Global, 2001, pp. 384–401.
[6] Y. Malhotra, «Deciphering the knowledge management hype», J. Qual. Particip., 1998.
[7] D. Gurteen, «Knowledge, Creativity and Innovation», J. Knowl. Manag., vol. 2, n.o 1, pp. 5-13, jun. 1998.
[8] K. Mahesh y J. K. Suresh, «What is the K in KM Technology», Electron. J. Knowl. Manag., 2004.
[9] M. E. Burke, «Knowledge sharing in emerging economies», Libr. Rev., vol. 60, n.o 1, pp. 5-14, feb. 2011.
[10] R. J. Sternberg, Practical Intelligence in Everyday Life. Cambridge University Press, 2000.
[11] J. Howells, «Tacit knowledge, innovation and technology transfer», Technol. Anal. Strateg. Manag., vol. 8, n.o 2, pp. 91-106, ene. 1996.
[12] S. Gourlay, «Towards conceptual clarity concerning tacit knowledge: a review of empirical studies», Knowl. Manag. Res. Pract., vol. 4, n.o 1, pp. 60-69, 2006.
[13] Z. Shao, Y. Feng, y L. Liu, «The mediating effect of organizational culture and knowledge sharing on transformational leadership and Enterprise Resource Planning systems success: An empirical study in China», Comput. Hum. Behav., vol. 28, n.o 6, pp. 2400-2413, nov. 2012.
[14] D. Delen, H. Zaim, C. Kuzey, y S. Zaim, «A comparative analysis of machine learning systems for measuring the impact of knowledge management practices», Decis. Support Syst., vol. 54, n.o 2, pp. 1150-1160, ene. 2013.
[15] M. Polanyi, The Tacit Dimension. University of Chicago Press, 1966.
[16] I. Nonaka y H. Takeuchi, The Knowledge-Creating Company: How Japanese Companies Create the Dynamics of Innovation. New York: Oxford University Press, 1995.
[17] T. Andreeva y I. Ikhilchik, «Applicability of the SECI Model of knowledge creation in Russian cultural context: Theoretical analysis», Knowl. Process Manag., vol. 18, n.o 1, pp. 56-66, feb. 2011.
[18] L. Martin y D. Root, «Knowledge creation in construction: The SECI model», en25th Annual ARCOM conference, 2009, pp. 7–9.
[19] S. Gourlay, «The SECI model of knowledge creation: some empirical shortcomings», vol. 4th European Conference on knowledge management, 2003.
[20] Q. Zhang y M. Kosaka, «SECI model and KIKI model on knowledge creation», en2013 10th International Conference on Service Systems and Service Management, 2013, pp. 102-106.
[21] Q. Zhang, M. Kosaka, K. Shirahada, y T. Yabutani, «A Proposal of B to B Collaboration Process Model based on a Concept of Service and its Application to Energy Saving Service Business», IEEJ Trans. Electron. Inf. Syst., vol. 132, pp. 1035-1040, 2012.
[22] G. Hedlund, «A model of knowledge management and the N-form corporation», Strateg. Manag. J., vol. 15, n.o S2, pp. 73-90, jun. 1994.
[23] B. Tejedor y A. Aguirre, «Proyecto Logos: investigación relativa a la capacidad de aprender de las empresas españolas», Bol. Estud. Económicos, n.o 164, 1998.
[24] P. F. Drucker, «The coming of the new organization», Harv. Bus. Rev., 1988.
[25] R. M. Grant, Contemporary Strategy Analysis: Concepts, Techniques, Applications, 4 edition. Malden, MA, USA: Wiley-Blackwell, 2002.
[26] M. J. Donate y F. Guadamillas, «Gestión del conocimiento organizativo, innovación tecnológica y resultados. Una investigación empírica.», Investig. Eur. Dir. Econ. Empresa, vol. 14, n.o 2, pp. 139-167, ene. 2008.
[27] C. Camacho, «Propuesta de implementación de un sistema de gestión ambiental para campus universitario», POLIANTEA, vol. 2, n.o 3, jul. 2013.
[28] H. Roberts y G. Robinson, ISO 14001 EMS manual de sistemas de gestión medioambiental. España: Paraninfo, 1999.
[29] ISO, «ISO 14001:2015 Environmental Management Systems», 2015. 23-may-2016.
[30] E. Alonso-Paulí y F. J. André, «Standardized environmental management systems as an internal management tool», Resour. Energy Econ., vol. 40, pp. 85-106, may 2015.
[31] C. Jasch, «Governmental initiatives: the UNIDO (United Nations Industrial Development Organization) TEST approach», J. Clean. Prod., vol. 108, Part B, pp. 1375-1377, dic. 2015.
[32] F. Testa, F. Rizzi, T. Daddi, N. M. Gusmerotti, M. Frey, y F. Iraldo, «EMAS and ISO 14001: the differences in effectively improving environmental performance», J. Clean. Prod., vol. 68, pp. 165-173, abr. 2014.
[33] Á. M. Parrado y H. F. Trujillo, «Universidad y sostenibilidad: una aproximación teórica para su implementación», AD-Minist., n.o 26, pp. 149-163, jun. 2015.
[34] P. Barnes y P. Jerman, «Developing an environmental management system for a multiple-university consortium», J. Clean. Prod., vol. 10, n.o 1, pp. 33-39, feb. 2002.
[35] P. Viebahn, «An environmental management model for universities: from environmental guidelines to staff involvement», J. Clean. Prod., vol. 10, n.o 1, pp. 3-12, feb. 2002.
[36] S. M. Savely, A. I. Carson, y G. L. Delclos, «An environmental management system implementation model for U.S. colleges and universities», J. Clean. Prod., vol. 15, n.o 7, pp. 660-670, 2007.
[37] M. I. R. Marín, «Modelo de sistema de gestión ambiental para formar universidades ambientalmente sostenibles en Colombia», Gest. Ambiente, vol. 14, n.o 1, pp. 151-161, 2011.
[38] D. Puente-Rodríguez, D. Giebels, y V. N. de Jonge, «Strengthening coastal zone management in the Wadden Sea by applying ‘knowledge-practice interfaces’», Ocean Coast. Manag., vol. 108, pp. 27-38, may 2015.
[39] I. Herghiligiu, L. M. Lupu, y B. Budeanu, «Research regarding the informational system (Information and Knowledge) required for an environmental manager», en Proceedings of the 14th European Conference on Knowledge Management: ECKM 2013, Lituania, 2013, pp. 896-904.
[40] S. Chen, C. K. Liu, L. L. Iao, y H. H. Chen, «The impact of learning effects of environmental management system on performance of renewable energy firms», Environ. Prog. Sustain. Energy, vol. 34, n.o 4, pp. 1106-1112, jul. 2015.
[41] I. Gavronski, R. D. Klassen, S. Vachon, y L. F. M. do Nascimento, «A learning and knowledge approach to sustainable operations», Int. J. Prod. Econ., vol. 140, n.o 1, pp. 183-192, nov. 2012.