Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 30840
Study of Salinity Stress and Calcium Interaction on Morphological and Physiological Traits of Vicia villosa under Hydroponic Condition

Authors: Raheleh Khademian, Roghayeh Aminian


For the study of salinity stress on Vicia villosa and calcium effect for modulation of that, an experiment was conducted under hydroponic condition, and some important morphological and physiological characteristics were evaluated. This experiment was conducted as a factorial based on randomized complete design with three replications. The treatments include salinity stress in three levels (0, 50, and 100 mM NaCl) and calcium in two levels (content in Hoagland solution and double content). The results showed that all morphological and physiological traits include root and shoot length, root and shoot wet and dry weight, leaf area, leaf chlorophyll content, RWC, CMS, and biological yield was significantly different from the control and is affected by the salinity stress severely. But, calcium effect on them was not significant despite of decreasing salinity effect.

Keywords: Calcium, salinity stress, hydroponic, Vicia villossa

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 724


[1] Abbasi-Shahmersi, f., Ebadi, A. 2012. Effect of mineral nitrogen on shoot biomass and concentrations of some elements in alfalfa leaves under salinity conditions. International Research Journal of Applied and Basic Sciences. 3 (8): 1673-1677.
[2] Askari, M., Maqsudi-Mud, A.A., Saffari, V.R. 2013. Evaluation of Some Physiological Characteristics and Yield of Hybrid Maize (Zea mays L.) under Salinity Stress Conditions. Journal of Production of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops. Pp.93-103: 3 (9).
[3] Aslam, M., Mahmood, I.H., Qureshi, R.H., Nawaz, S., Akhtar J., Ahmad, Z. 2001. Nutritional role of calcium in improving rice growth and yield under adverse conditions. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology. 3: 292-297.
[4] Bohnert, H.J., Jensen, R.G. 1996. Metabolic Engineering for Increased Salt Tolerance – the Next Step. Australian journal of functional plant biology. 23 (5): 661- 667.
[5] Bybordi A, Tabatabaei SJ, Ahmadev A, 2010. Effect of salinity on fatty acid composition of Canola (Brassica napus L.). J Food and Agric Environ. 8(1): 113-115.
[6] Flowers, T.J., Yeo, A.R. 1995. Breeding for salinity resistance in crop plants: where next? Aust. J. Plant physiol., 22: 840-875.
[7] Ghoulam, C., Foursy, A., Fares, Kh. 2002. Effects of salt stress on growth, inorganic ions and proline accumulation in relation to osmotic adjustment in five sugar beet cultivars. Environmental and experimental botany. 47(1): 39- 40.
[8] Gobinatha, P.B., Sankar, P.V., Murali and Panneerselvam, R. 2009. Interactive effects of calcium chloride on salinity-induced oxidative stress in Pennisetum typoidies. Botany Research International. 2: 143-148.
[9] Gorham, J. 1996. Mechanisms of salt tolerance of halophytes. In R. Choukr-Allah. C.V. Malcolm & Hamdy, (Eds.). Halophytes and Biosaline Agriculture, pp 31-53.
[10] Heydari-Sharif-Abad, H. 2001. Plant and salinity. Researches Institute of Forests and Pastures (in Persian).
[11] Kafi, M., Stewart, D.A. 2001. The Effects of Salinity on Growth and Yield of Wheat Cultivars. Journal of Agricultural Sciences and Industries. Vol.12, Issue 1 (in Persian).
[12] Koocheki, A., Mohalati, M.N. 1994. Feed value of some halophytic range plants of arid region s of Iran. In: Victor R. Squires & Ali T. Ayoub (eds). Halophytes as a Resource for Livestock and for Rehabilitation of Degraded Lands. P: 249-253.
[13] Martinez, CA., Maestri, M., Lani, E.G. 1996. In vitro salt tolerance and proline accumulation in Andean potato (Solanum spp.) differing in frost resistance. Plant science. 116 (2): 177- 184.
[14] Mercado, J.A., Sancho-Carrascosa, M.A., Jiménez-Bermúdez, S., Perán-Quesada, R., Pliego-Alfaro, F., Quesada, M.A. 2000. Assessment of in vitro growth of apical stem sections and adventitious organogenesis to evaluate salinity tolerance in cultivated tomato. Plant cell, tissue and organ culture. 62(2): 101- 106.
[15] Munns R, Tester M, 2008. Mechanism of salinity tolerance. Annual Rev Plant Biol. 59:651-681.
[16] Munns, R. 2002. Comparative physiology of salt and water stress. Plant Cell Environ, 28, 239-250.
[17] Pakniyat, H., Tavakol, E. 2007. RAPD markers associated with drought tolerance in bread wheat (Triticum aestivum). Pakistan journal of biological sciences. 10(18): 3237- 3239.
[18] Parida, A.K., Das, A.B. 2005. Salt tolerance and salinity effect on plants. A review. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety. 60: 324-249.
[19] Parvaiz, A. and Satyawati, S. 2008. Salt stress and phyto-biochemical responses of plants. Plant Soil Environ. 54: 89-99.
[20] Penuelas, J., Isla, R., Filella, I., Araus, J.L. 1997. Visible and near-infrared reflectance assessment of salinity effects on barely. Crop Sci., 37: 198-202.
[21] Rahmani M, Majidi A, 2003. Effect of NaCl salinity stress on wheat enzymes. Seed and Plant J. 2: 241-251.
[22] Rao, G.G., Rao, G.R., 1981. Pigment composition & chlorophyllase activity in pigeon pea (Cajanus indicus Spreng) & Gingelley (Sesamum indicum L.) under NaCl salinity. Indian J Experim Biol. 19: 768-770.
[23] Rengel, Z. (1992). The role of calcium in salt toxicity. Plant cell Environment. 15: 625 – 632.
[24] Rosales-Serna, R., Kohashi-Shibata, J, Acosta-Gallegos, J. A., Trejo-López, C., Ortiz-Cereceres, J. and Kelly, J. D. 2004. Biomass distribution, maturity acceleration and yield in drought-stressed common bean cultivars. Field Crops Res. 85:203-211.
[25] Sairam, P.K., Tyagi, A. 2004. Physiology and molecular biology of salinity stress tolerance in plants. A review. Current Science. 86: 407-421.
[26] Sarmadnia, Q. 1993. The Importance of Environmental Stresses in Cultivation. Key Articles of the First Congress on Cultivation and Plants Breeding. Faculty of Agriculture, University of Tehran. pp. 172-157.
[27] Shannon, M.C. 1986. Breeding, selection and the genetics of salt tolerance. In: Salinity tolerance in Plants. (eds: Staples RC, and Toenniessn GH). John Wiley and Sons. 231-252.
[28] Tyrman, S.D., Skerrett, I.M. 1999. Root ion channels and salinity. Scientia Horticulture. 78: 175-235.
[29] White, P.J. 2000. Calcium channels in higher plants. Biochimica Biophysica Acta. 1465: 171-189.