Retrofitting Measures for Existing Housing Stock in Kazakhstan
Residential buildings fund of Kazakhstan was built in the Soviet time about 35-60 years ago without considering energy efficiency measures. Currently, most of these buildings are in a rundown condition and fail to meet the minimum of hygienic, sanitary and comfortable living requirements. The paper aims to examine the reports of recent building energy survey activities in the country and provide a possible solution for retrofitting existing housing stock built before 1989 which could be applicable for building envelope in cold climate. Methodology also includes two-dimensional modeling of possible practical solutions and further recommendations.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1127048Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 834
 Csoknyai T., Hrabovszky-Horváth S., Georgiev Z. et al. Building stock characteristics and energy performance of residential buildings in Eastern-European countries, Energy and Buildings, June 21st, 2016
 Creutzig F., Baiocchi G. et al, Global typology of urban energy use and potentials for urbanisation mitigation wedge, 2014. Available at: http://www.pnas.org/content/112/20/6283.full.pdf
 UN Department of Economy and Social Affairs, 2014 revision of the World Urbanisation Prospects. Accessed on June 06, 2016. Available at: http://www.un.org/en/development/desa/publications/2014-revision-world-urbanization-prospects.html
 The speech of the Minister of Environmental protection of RoK at Green economy conference. Available at http://primeminister.kz/kz/news/energetika/k-2020-godu-dolja-vozobnovljaemyh-istochnikov-energii-v-rk-sostavit-3-nkapparov
 Country profiles. UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs. Accessed on August 10, 2016. Available at: http://esa.un.org/unpd/wup/Country-Profiles/
 National Agency of Statistics of Kazakhstan. Accessed on July 11, 2016. http://www.stat.gov.kz/faces/wcnav_externalId/publicationsPage
 British Council Researcher Links Sustainable Cities Workshop, last retrieved September, 2015. Available at http://www.enu.kz/downloads/nauka/British-Council-Sustainable-Cities-Workshop.pdf
 Housing and communal infrastructure of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Energy audit of buildings. Accessed July 04, 2016 via http://zhkh.kz/utilities/energy_audit_of_buildings/
 Uyzbayeva A., Tyo V., Ibrayev N., Towards achieving energy efficiency in Kazakhstan, International Journal of Environmental, Chemical, Ecological, Geological and Geophysical Engineering, Vol.9, 2, 2015
 National Laboratory Astana. Analysis of energy audit reports, Excel spreadsheets. 2016
 Building code: SN RK 2.04-21-2004* Energy consumption and thermal protection of civil buildings, 2008
 Livchak V. The actual heat consumption of buildings as an indicator of the quality and reliability of design. AVOK №2, 2009.
 GOST 30494-96. Regional standard. Residential and public buildings. Microclimate parameters for indoor enclosures. January 01, 2016.
 AVOK, Heat consumption calculation manual for existing residention buildings, AVOK-8-2011
 Yessengabulov S. Energy efficient walls with organized air exchange. Accessed August 10, 2016 via http://www.dissercat.com/content/energoeffektivnye-naruzhnye-steny-s-organizovannym-vozdukhoobmenom
 Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, THERM software Accessed on August 23, 2016 via https://windows.lbl.gov/software/therm/therm.html
 Yessengabulov S., Tyo V. A Comparative Case Study of the Impact of Square and Yurt-Shape Buildings on Energy Efficiency, 9 (10), 2015.