Commenced in January 2007
Paper Count: 30835
Assessing the Viability of Solar Water Pumps Economically, Socially and Environmentally in Soan Valley, Punjab
Abstract:One of the key solutions to the climate change crisis is to develop renewable energy resources, such as solar and wind power and biogas. This paper explores the socioeconomic and environmental viability of solar energy, based on a case study of the Soan Valley Development Program. Under this project, local farmers were provided solar water pumps at subsidized rates. These have been functional for the last seven years and have gained popularity among the local communities. The study measures the economic viability of using solar energy in agriculture, based on data from 36 households, of which 12 households each use diesel, electric and solar water pumps. Our findings are based on the net present value of each technology type. We also carry out a qualitative assessment of the social impact of solar water pumps relative to diesel and electric pumps. Finally, we conduct an environmental impact assessment, using the lifecycle assessment approach. All three analyses indicate that solar energy is a viable alternative to diesel and electricity.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1126525Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 2109
 Amjid, S.S., Bilal, M.Q., Nazir, M.S. & Hussain, A. (2011). Biogas, renewable energy resource for Pakistan. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 15(6), 2833-2837.
 Honrao, Parmeshwar (2015). “Economic Viability of solar irrigation pumps for Sustainable Agriculture in Maharashtra: - Adoption Response by farmers”. Global Journal for Research Analysis, 4(8).
 International Energy Agency (IEA) and Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), 2015).
 Pieprzyk et al. (2009). "The impact of fossil fuels: Greenhouse gas emissions, environmental consequences and socioeconomic effects", Björn Pieprzyk, Norbert Kortlüke, Paula Rojas Hilje and Max Gunter Guendel Marín, Energy Research Architecture, report for Bundesverband Erneuerbare Energie (BEE) and Verband der Deutschen Biokraftstoffindustrie (VDB), November 2009. (Online): http://www.ebb-eu.org/EBBpressreleases/ERA%20Study%20Impact% 20of%20fossil%20fuels%20final%20report.pdf
 Roy, A., Islam, W., Hasan, S.M., and Najmul Hoque, S.M. (2015). “Prospect of Solar Pumping in the Northern Area of Bangladesh”. American Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy, 1 (4), 172 – 179.
 Shinde, V.B. (2015). “Solar Photovoltaic Water Pumping System for Irrigation: A review”. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 10(22), 2267-2273.
 SIMAPRO Manual (2014). https://simapro.com/customers/.
 SDPI (2013). Pakistan: Energy Sector Appraisal. Sustainable Development Policy Institute (SDPI) available at: https://sdpi.org/publications/files/Draft%20Report%20-%20Energy%20Sector%20Appraisal.pdf
 Shah, S., Rashid, A., Bhatti, M.K.L., Khattak, S., & Khan,L. (2010). Crisis of electrical energy in Pakistan and future guidelines for policymakers. Canadian Journal on Electrical and Electronics Engineering, 1(3).
 SETAC Guidelines for Life-Cycle Assessment: A Code of Practice, Society for Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry (1993).