Commenced in January 2007
Paper Count: 30761
Influence of Environment-Friendly Organic Wastes on the Properties of Sandy Soil under Growing Zea mays L. in Arid Regions
Abstract:Environment-friendly organic wastes of Brewers' spent grain, a byproduct of the brewing process, have recently used as soil amendment to improve soil fertility and plant production. In this work, treatments of 1% (T1) and 2% (T2) of spent grains, 1% (C1) and 2% (C2) of compost and mix of both sources (C1T1) were used and compared to the control for growing Zea mays L. on sandy soil under arid Mediterranean climate. Soils were previously incubated at 65% saturation capacity for a month. The most relevant soil physical and chemical parameters were analysed. Water holding capacity and soil organic matter (OM) increased significantly along the treatments with the highest values in T2. Soil pH decreased along the treatments and the lowest pH was in C1T1. Bicarbonate decreased by 69% in C1T1 comparing to control. Total nitrogen (TN) and available P varied significantly among all treatments and T2, C1T1 and C2 treatments increased 25, 17 and 11 folds in TN and 1.2, 0.6 and 0.3 folds in P, respectively related to control. Available K showed the highest values in C1T1. Soil micronutrients increased significantly along all treatments with the highest values in T2. After corn germination, significant variation was observed in the velocity of germination coefficients (VGC) among all treatments in the order of C1T1>T2>T1>C2>C1>control. The highest records of final germination and germination index were in C1T1 and T2. The spent grains may compensate deficiencies of macro and micronutrients in newly reclaimed sandy soils without adverse effects to sustain crop production with a rider that excessive or continuous use need to be circumvented.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1126479Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 811
 M. Emran, M. Gispert, G. Pardini, M. Rashad, “Effect of Land Use and Abandonment on Soil Carbon and Nitrogen Depletion by Runoff in Shallow Soils under Semi-Arid Mediterranean Climate,” in World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology Int. Conf. Communications International Journal of Environmental and Ecological Engineering Vol:3, No:7, pp.1817, 2016.
 J. Jensen, J. Schjoerring, K. van der Hoek, “Benefits of nitrogen for food fibre and industrial production. In: M. A. Sutton, C.M. Howard, J. W., et al., editors. The European nitrogen assessment: sources, effects and policy perspectives. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press; pp. 32–61, 2011.
 Y. Jiang, J. Yan, “Effects of land use on hydrochemistry and contamination of Karst groundwater from Nandong underground river system, China”. Water Air Soil Pollut; 210, 123–41, 2010.
 J. F. Herencia, J. C. Ruiz-Porras, S. Melero, P. A. Garcia, E. Morillo C. Maqueda, "Comparison between organic and mineral fertilization for soil fertility levels, crop macronutrient concentrations, and yield". American Society of Agron. J., 99, 973–983, 2007.
 J. Liu, Q. Xie, Q. Shi, M. Li, “Rice uptake and recovery of nitrogen with different methods of applying 15N-labeled chicken manure and ammonium sulphate,” Plant Prod Sci.11, 271-277, 2008.
 M. Emran, M. Gispert, G. Pardini, “Patterns of soil organic carbon, glomalin and structural stability in abandoned Mediterranean terraced lands,” Eur. J. Soil Sci. 63, 637–649, 2012a.
 M. Gispert, M. Emran, G. Pardini, B. Ceccanti, “The impact of land management and abandonment on soil enzymatic activity, glomalin content and aggregate stability,” Geoderma 202, 51–61, 2013.
 G. Pan, P. Zhou, Z. Li, S. Pete, L. Li, D. Qiu, X. Zhang, X. Xu, S. Shen, X. Chen, “Inorganic/organic fertilization enhances N efficiency and increases rice productivity through organic carbon accumulation in a rice paddy from the Tai Lake region, China. Agric Ecosyst Environ 131, 274-280, 2009.
 V. A. Romanenko, “Computation of the autumn soil moisture using a universal relationship for a large area,” Proc. Ukrainian Hydrometeorological Research Institute, No. 3, Kiev, 1961.
 D. E. Nelson, L. E. Sommers, “Total carbon organic carbon and organic matter,” In A. L. Page, Methods of Soil Analysis. Part 2. Chemical and Microbilogical Properties. ASA/SSSA. Madison, WI, USA, pp. 339-577, 1982.
 M. Rashad, S. Dultz, G. Guggenberger, “Dissolved organic matter release and retention in an alkaline soil from the Nile River Delta in relation to surface charge and electrolyte type,” Geoderma 158, 385–391. 2010.
 A. Vengadaramana, P. T. J. Jashothan, “Effect of organic fertilizers on the water holding capacity of soil in different terrains of Jaffna peninsula in Sri Lanka,” J. Nat. Prod. Plant Resour.2, 500-503, 2012.
 M. Rashad, F. F. Assaad, E. A. Shalaby, “Effect of dissolved organic matter derived from waste amendments on the mobility of inorganic arsenic (III) in the Egyptian alluvial soil,” IJEEE 4, 677–686, 2013.
 M. Rashad, S. Dultz, “Decisive factors of clay dispersion in alluvial soils of the Nile River Delta–a study on surface charge properties,” Am. Eur. J. Agric. Environ. Sci. 2, 213–219, 2007.
 M. Rashad, E. Elnaggar, F. F. Assaad, “Readily dispersible clay and its role in the mobility of transition metals Cd2+, Cu2+ and Zn2+ in an alkaline alluvial soil,” Env. Earth Sci. 71, 3855–3864, 2014.
 M. Emran, M. Gispert, G. Pardini, “Comparing measurements methods of carbon dioxide fluxes in a soil sequence under land use and cover change in North Eastern Spain,” Geoderma 170, 176–185, 2012b.
 M. A. Ramadan, E. Mohamed, R. Reda, “Status of Mn, Zn and B in relation to soil quality in some prospective Oases of the Western desert,” Egypt. J. Soil Sci. 30(4) :649-664, 2010.
 M. Emran, “Effect of land use and land abandonment on soil quality in NE Spain,” In: Pintó J (edn) Recerques en Medi Ambient, University of Girona, Spain, pp 159-168, 2011. ISBN: 978-84-8458-362-2.
 M. Emran, “A multiapproach study of soil attributes under land use and cover change at the Cap de Creus Peninsula, NE Spain,” PhD Dissertation, University of Girona, 2012.