Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 30745
Investigation of Steady State Infiltration Rate for Different Head Condition

Authors: Serter Atabay, Nour Aljafari, Mariam, S. Maani, Tarig Ali, Said Daker, Lara Daher, Hamad Bukhammas, Mohammed Abou Shakra


This paper aims at determining the soil characteristics that influence the irrigation process of green landscapes and deciding on the optimum amount of water needed for irrigation. The laboratory experiments were conducted using the constant head methodology to determine the soil infiltration rates. The steady state infiltration rate was reached after 10 minutes of infiltration at a rate of 200 mm/hr. The effects of different water heads on infiltration rates were also investigated, and the head of 11 cm was found to be the optimum head for the test. The experimental results showed consistent infiltration results for the range between 11 cm and 15 cm. The study also involved finding the initial moisture content, which ranged between 5% and 25%, and finding the organic content, which occupied 1% to 2% of the soil. These results will be later utilized, using the water balance approach, to estimate the optimum amount of water needed for irrigation for changing weather conditions.

Keywords: moisture content, infiltration rate, organic content, grass type

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1213


[1] M. Sherif, "Analysis of rainfall, PMP and drought in the United Arab Emirates," International journal of climatology, vol. 4, no. 34, pp. 1318 - 1328, 2014.
[2] B. Bellingham, "Method for Irrigation Scheduling Based on Soil Moisture Data Acquisition," in Irrigation District Conference. United States, 2009.
[3] Brouwer, C., Prins, K. and Heibloem, M., Irrigation Water Management: Irrigation Methods, FAO - Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations., 1988.
[4] M.S. Maani, S. Atabay, G.T. Parker, and A. Ahmed, "Experimental Investigation on infiltration Characteristics of Soils Covered with Natural Grass. ," in International Conference on sustainable Systems and the Environment., Sharjah: 2014.
[5] Bagarello, V., D'Asaro, F., Lovino, M., "A field assessment of the Simplified Falling Head technique to measure the saturated soil hydraulic conductivity.," Geoderma, no. 187-188, pp. 49-58, 2012.
[6] Chowdary, M., Rao, V. and Jaiswal, C., "Study of infiltration process under different experimental conditions.," Agricultural Water Management, vol. 83, pp. 69-78., 2006.
[7] R. Vieira, "Geostatistics in studies of spatial variability of soil. In: Novais, R.F. et al. (Eds.) Topics in soil science. Viçosa, Brazilian soc. soil sci. Vol 1, 1-54 p.," Vicosa, Brazilian soc. soil sci., 2000.
[8] M. Sharma and M. Hughes, "Groundwater recharge estimation using chloride, deuterium and oxygen-18 profiles in the deep coastal sands of Western Australia," Journal of Hydrology, vol. 81, no. 1-2, pp. 93-109, 1985.
[9] Köhne, J. M.; Alves Junior, J.; Köhne, S.; Tiemeyer, B; Lennartz, B.; Kruse, J., Double-Ring and Tension Infiltrometer Measurements of Hydraulic Conductivity and Mobile Soil Regions, vol. 41, no. 3, pp. 336-347, 2011.
[10] M. S. Maani, S. Atabay, G. T. Parker and A. Aqeel, "Investigation of Infiltration Rates under Different Experimental Conditions," International Journal of Sustainable Societies, In Press.
[11] Cislerova, M., Šimůnek, J., Vogel, T, "Changes of steady-state infiltration rates in recurrent ponding infiltration experiments.," Journal of Hydrology, vol. 104, p. 1–16, 1988.
[12] Dušek, J. R., Dohnal, M., Vogel, T., "Numerical Analysis of Ponded Infiltration Experiment under Different Experimental Conditions," Soil & Water Res., vol. 4, no. Special Issue 2, p. 22–27, 2009.
[13] J. R. Nimmo, K. M. Schmidt, K. S. Perkins and D. J. Stock, "Rapid measurement of field-saturated hydraulic conductivity for areal characterization," Vadose Zone Journal, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 142-149, 2009.
[14] V. Bagarello and A. Sgroi, Soil and Tillage Research, vol. 94, no. 2, pp. 283-294, 2007.
[15] S. Wuest, "Bias in Ponded Infiltration Estimates Due to Sample Volume and Shape.," Vadose Zone Journal, vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 1183-1190, 2005.
[16] V. Bagarello and A. Sgroi, Soil and Tilage Research, pp. 13-24, 2004.
[17] R. Elrick, J. Fallow, D. Reynolds and W. Parkin, "Infiltration under constant head and falling head conditions," Environmental Mechanics: Water, Mass and Energy Transfer in the Biosphere, pp. 47-53, 2002.
[18] G. Lauren, J. Wagenet and M. Wo¨sten, "Variability of saturated hydraulic conductivity in a Glossaquic Hapludalf with macropores.," Soil Science, vol. 145, p. 20–28, 1988.
[19] P. J. Shouse, T. R. Ellsworth and J. A. Jobes, "Steady-State Infiltration as a Function of Measurement Scale," Soil Science, vol. 157, no. 3, March 1994.
[20] American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM), Annual Book of ASTM Standards, West Conshohocken, PA: ASTM International, 2010.