Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 30843
Ecolodging as an Answer for Sustainable Development and Successful Resource Management: The Case of North West Coast in Alexandria

Authors: I. Elrouby


The continued growth of tourism in the future relies on maintaining a clean environment by achieving sustainable development. The erosion and degradation of beaches, the deterioration of coastal water quality, visual pollution of coastlines by massive developments, all this has contributed heavily to the loss of the natural attractiveness for tourism. In light of this, promoting the concept of sustainable coastal development is becoming a central goal for governments and private sector. An ecolodge is a small hotel or guesthouse that incorporates local architectural, cultural and natural characteristics, promotes environmental conservation through minimizing the use of waste and energy and produces social and economic benefits for local communities. Egypt has some scattered attempts in some areas like Sinai in the field of ecolodging. This research tends to investigate the potentials of the North West Coast (NWC) in Alexandria as a new candidate for ecolodging investments. The area is full of primitive natural and man-made resources. These, if used in an environmental-friendly way could achieve cost reductions as a result of successful resource management for investors on the one hand, and coastal preservation on the other hand. In-depth interviews will be conducted with stakeholders in the tourism sector to examine their opinion about the potentials of the research area for ecolodging developments. The candidates will be also asked to rate the importance of the availability of certain environmental aspects in such establishments such as the uses of resources that originate from local communities, uses of natural power sources, uses of an environmental-friendly sewage disposal, forbidding the use of materials of endangered species and enhancing cultural heritage conservation. The results show that the area is full of potentials that could be effectively used for ecolodging investments. This if efficiently used could attract ecotourism as a supplementary type of tourism that could be promoted in Alexandria aside cultural, recreational and religious tourism.

Keywords: Sustainability, Ecotourism, Alexandria, ecolodging

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1033


[1] The International Tourism Society, Ecotourism Statistical Fact Sheet. The International Ecotourism Society, Burlington, Vermont, 2006.
[2] USAID, Life Red Sea Project. Enhancing Sustainable Tourism in the Southern Red Sea Region of Egypt, Part 5: Manual for Ecolodge Planning, Design, and Operation, 2008.
[3] A., Attia, Planning for sustainable Tourism: An Investigation into Implementing Tourism Policy in the North West Coast Region of Egypt, PHD thesis, University of London: England, 1999.
[4] M. Metwally and S. Soliman, An Approach to Sustainable Tourism Development in Coastal Area – Egypt, Housing and Building Research Center, Egypt, 2008.
[5] State Information Service (SIS), El Omayed Protected Area, 2009. Available at: tmpArticles.aspx?ArtID=1054. Accessed on 12 July 2016.
[6] New City Alalamein: Achieving Sustainable Urban Development, A Model for an Economic and Environmental Sustainable City in Egypt, in Experts Workshop, North Coast, 18th -19thMay, 2014.
[7] PUD and ORplan, North West Coastal Zone: Physical Planning & Development Program PUD and PACER, (1983), Ministry of Reconstruction and New Communities, Final Report, Cairo, (1978).
[8] M., Millar, and G.,Sammons, “A Content Analysis of Costa Rican Ecolodge Websites”, Hospitality Management, Paper 11, 2006. At
[9] D., Russell, C., Bottrill, and G., Meredity, International ecolodge survey. In D. Hawkins (ed.) The Ecolodge Sourcebook for Planners and Managers. Burlington, VT: The International Ecotourism Society, 2005.
[10] International Finance Corporation (IFC), “Ecolodges: Exploring opportunities for sustainable business”, Washington, DC, 2004.
[11] Ecolodge types and definitions (2016) Available at: . (Accessed: 25 June 2016).
[12] G. E., Osland, and R., Mackoy, “Ecolodge performance goals and evaluations”, Journal of Ecotourism, vol.3(2), pp. 109-128, 2004.
[13] J., Lian Chan, “Assessing Key Satisfiers and Sustainable Ecolodge Experience Management Through Profile Accumulation Techniques”, World Applied Sciences Journal, vol.10 (Special Issue of Tourism & Hospitality), pp. 78-90, 2010.
[14] P., Bohdanowicz, B., Simanic and I., Martinac, Sustainable hotels – environmental reporting according to green globe 21, green globes Canada / Gem UK, IHEI benchmark hotel and Hilton environmental reporting. The 2005 World Sustainable Building Conference, 27-29 September, Tokyo, Japan, pp. 1642 – 1649, 2005.
[15] R., Scheyvens, “Ecotourism and the empowerment of local communities”, Tourism Management, vol. 20, 1999.
[16] D. E., Hawkins, M., Epler-Wood and S., Bittman. The Ecolodge Sourcebook for Planners and Developers. Burlington, VT: The Ecotourism Society, 1995.
[17] E. Sanders, and E. Halpenny, “The Business of Ecolodges: A Survey of Ecolodge Economics and Finance”, Burlington, VT: International Ecotourism Society, 2011.
[18] S., Graci, and R., Dodds, “Why go green? The business case for environmental commitment in the Canadian hotel industry”, Anatolia: An International Journal of Tourism and Hospitality Research, vol.19 (2), pp.251-270, 2008.
[19] A., Bruns-Smith, V., Choy, H., Chong, and R., Verma, “Environmental Sustainability in the Hospitality Industry: Best Practices, Guest Participation, and Customer Satisfaction”, Cornell Hospitality Report, vol. 14(5), 2015.
[20] J. Ritchie, J. Lewis, C.M., Nicholls, and R., Ormston, Qualitative research practice: A guide for social science students and researchers. Sage, 2013.
[21] A., Goneima, “Planning the NWC for the Associative Tourism with Arab countries”, in Proc. Conference of NWC on the International Tourism Map, 2005.
[22] K., Bricker, “Trends and Issues for Ecotourism & Sustainable Tourism”, 2012.
[23] D. B. Weaver and L., Lawton, “Overnight Ecotourist Market Segmentation in the Gold Coast Hinterland of Australia”, Journal of Travel Research, vol. 40, pp. 270-280, 2002.
[24] L., Haanpää, “Consumers’ green commitment: Indication of a postmodern lifestyle?”, International Journal of Consumer Studies, vol. 31(5), pp. 478-486, 2007.
[25] R.D., Straughan, and J.A., Roberts, “Environmental segmentation alternatives: A look at green consumer behavior in the new millennium”, Journal of Consumer Marketing, vol.16 (6), pp. 558-575, 1999.
[26] K., Manaktola and V., Jauhari, “Exploring consumer attitude and behaviour towards green practices in the lodging industry in India”, International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, vol.19 (5), pp.364-377, 2007.
[27] G., Choi, H.G., Parsa, M., Sigala, and S., Putrevu, “Consumers’ environmental concerns and behaviors in the lodging industry: A comparison between Greece and the United States”, Journal of Quality Assurance in Hospitality & Tourism, vol.10(2), pp.93-112, 2009.
[28] Cometa, Consumer Beliefs about Green Hotels, Master thesis, 2012.
[29] S., Jeff, “Hotels: What’s Keeping You from Going Green?”, Triple Pundit. November 9, 2009. http://www.triplepundit. com/2009/11/hotels-whats-keeping-you-from-going-green/.
[30] A., Budeanu, “Impacts and responsibilities for sustainable tourism: a tour operator’s perspective”, Journal of Cleaner Production, vol.13, pp.89–97, 2005.
[31] Nielsen Wire. 2012. “The Global, Socially-Conscious Consumer.” The Nielsen Company Survey of Corporate Citizenship surveyed more than 28,000 Internet respondents in 56 countries. March 2012.
[32] M. H., Kang, and S. I., Kim, “Tourism Impacts and Potential for Ecotourism Development in and around Mt. Sorak Biosphere Reserve”, 2000.
[33] CMIGreen Community Marketing Inc, The CMI Green Traveler Study Report 2010, vol. 1, pp. 5, 6, 2010. Found at:
[34] G., Farouk, Environmental Control through Urban- Development of Tourist & Recreation Coastal Zones of the Mediterranean Sea. PHD Thesis, 2000.
[35] General Report for comprehensive planning for the city of Alexandria, 2005
[36] E. Tse and P. Ng, “Banyan Tree Hotels & Resorts: Gauging Investors ‘Views on Corporate Social Responsibility”, The Centre for Asian Business Cases, The University of Hong Kong, 2003.
[37] R. Cannas, “Contributing to sustainable tourism models -The feasibility study of the Craik's ecovillage in Scotland, 2012. Online at, MPRA Paper No. 39838, posted 5. July 2012 11:15 UTC.