Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 30135
Status, Habitat Use, and Behaviour of Wintering Greater Flamingos Phoenicopterus roseus in Semi-Arid and Saharan Wetlands of Algeria

Authors: E. Bensaci, M. Saheb, Y. Nouidjem, A. Zoubiri, A. Bouzegag, M. Houhamdi

Abstract:

The Greater flamingo is considered the flagship species of wetlands across semi-arid and Saharan regions of Africa, especially Chotts and Sebkhas, which also concentrate significant numbers of bird species. Flamingos have different status (wintering and breeder) which vary between sites in different parts of Algeria. We conducted surveys and recorded banded flamingos across distinct regions within two climatic belts: semi-arid (Hauts Plateaux) and arid (Sahara), showing the importance of these sites in the migratory flyways particularly the relation between West Mediterranean and West Africa populations. The distribution of Greater flamingos varied between sites and seasons, where the concentrations mainly were in the wide, lees deep and salt lakes. Many of the sites (17) in the surveyed area were regularly supporting at least 1% of the regional population during winter. The analysis of Greater flamingos behaviour in different climatic regions in relation showed that the feeding is the dominant diurnal activity with rates exceeding 60% of the time. While feeding varies between seasons, and showed a negative relationship with the degree of disturbance.

Keywords: Algeria, greater flamingo, Phoenicopterus roseus, Sahara, semi-arid.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1126175

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 703

References:


[1] A. Johnson, “Eco-ethology of Greater Flamingos in Camargue and in the West Palearctic” Etho-écologie du Flamant, rose (Phoenicopterus ruber roseus Pallas) en Camargue et dans le l’Ouest paléarctique. Ph.D. Thesis. Université Paul Sabatier, Toulouse (France), 1983. 343p.
[2] P.Isenmann, and A. Moali, “Birds of Algeria” Les Oiseaux d’Algérie. Société d’Etudes ornithologiques de France, Paris, 2000. 336p
[3] B. Samraoui, A. Ouldjaoui, M. Boulkhssaim, M. Houhamdi, M. Saheb, and A. Béchet, The first recorded reproduction of the Greater Flamingo Phœnicopterus roseus in Algeria: behavioral and ecological aspects. Ostrich, 77, vol 4, 153-59. 2006
[4] A. Bouzid, A. Yousfi, M. Boulkhssaim, and B. Samraoui, “First success breeding of Greater Flamingos in the Algerian Sahara” Première nidification réussie du Flamant rose Phoenicopterus roseus dans le Sahara algérien. Alauda, 77: 139–143. 2009.
[5] N. Bouchibi Baaziz, A.Bouzid, M. Boulkhssaim, A. Ouldjaoui, N. Baaziz, A. Boucheker, and B. Samraoui, A new nesting site for the Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus roseus in the Algerian Sahara and an account of the in the Algerian Sahara and an account of the 2010 breeding season. Flamingo, Bulletin of the Flamingo Specialist Group, 18, 71-75. 2010
[6] E. Bensaci, A. Bouzegag, E. Guergueb, C. Bounab, H. Brahmia, Y. Nouidjem, A. Zeraoula, L. Bouaguel, M. Saheb, S. Metlaoui, B. Mayache, Z. Bouselama, and M. Houhamdi,” Chott Merouane: A new breeding site of Greater Flamingo” Chott Merouane (Algérie): un nouveau site de reproduction du Flamant rose Phoenicopterus roseus. Flamingo, Bulletin of the Flamingo Specialist Group, 18, 33-37. 2010.
[7] B. Samraoui, M. Boulekhssaim, A. Bouzid, E. Bensaci, C. Germain, A. Béchet, and F. Samraoui, Current research, and conservation of the Greater Flamingo Phœnicopterus roseus in Algeria. Flamingo Special Publication, Proceedings of the IV International Workshop on Greater Flamingo in Mediterranean region and Northwest Africa 20-25. 2009.
[8] F. Baghdadi, M. Saheb, B. Mayache, Y.Nouidjem, E. Bensaci, A. Bouzegag, E. Guergueb, K. Oudihat, and M. Houhamdi, “ The Greater Flamingos in the Wester of Algeria: a failure breeding attemps Chott Ech-Chergui (El-Bayadh) -Submitted for publication” Le Flamant rose Phœnicopterus roseus dans l’Ouest Algérien: tentative de nidification échouée dans le Chott Ech-Chergui (El-Bayadh). Flamingo, Bulletin of the Flamingo Specialist Group, 19.
[9] C. Bibby, N. Burgess, and D. Hill, Bird Census Techniques. Academic Press Limited, London. 1993.
[10] J. Althmann, “Observational study of behavior: sampling methods”. Behaviour, 4: 227-267. 1974
[11] S.E. Adair, J. L. Moore, W.H. Kiel, “Wintering diving duck use of coastal ponds: an analysis of alternative hypotheses”. Journal of Wildlife Managmant, 60, 83-93. 1996.
[12] A. Béchet, Greater Flamingo Population in the Western Palearctic and their Estimated Sizes in 2005. Flamingo Specialist Newsletters, 13- 22. 2005.
[13] M. Houhamdi, E. Bensaci, Y. Nouidjem, A. Bouzegag, M. Saheb, and B. Samraoui, “Eco-ethology of wintering Greater Flamingos in the Oued Righ Valley” Eco-éthologie des Flamants roses Phœnicopterus roseus hivernants dans la Vallée de Oued Righ, Sahara oriental algérien. Aves, 45, vol 1, 15-27. 2008.
[14] E. Bensaci, “Eco-ethology of wintering Greater Flamingos in the Oued Righ Valley” Eco-éthologie du Flamant rose Phœnicopterus roseus dans la Vallée d’Oued Righ (Sahara oriental algérien). Ph.D. Thesis in Biological Sciences. Université de Guelma (Algérie). 126p. 2011.
[15] F. Samraoui, M. Boulkhssaim, A. Bouzid, N. Baaziz, A. Ouldjaoui, and B.Samraoui, « The Breeding of Greater Flamingos in Algeria » La reproduction du Flamant rose Phoenicopterus roseus en Algérie (2003-2009), Alauda,78:15-25. 2010.
[16] A. Boucheker, B. Samraoui, R.Prodon, J. Amat, M. Rendón-Martos, N. Baccetti, F.V. Esquerre, S. Nissardi, Ö. Balkiz, C.Germain, M. Boulkhssaim., and A. Béchet, Connectivity between the Algerian population of Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus roseus and those of the Mediterranean basin, Ostrich: Journal of African Ornithology, 82:3, 167-174. 2011.
[17] Y. Diawara, A. Arnaud, C. Mohamed, and A. Béchet, “Monitoring of the Greater flamingo Phoenicopterus roseus in Mauritania”. Flamingo Special Publication, Proceedings of the IV International Workshop on Greater Flamingo in Mediterranean region and Northwest Africa 34-36. 2009.
[18] S. Cramp, (Ed.)” Handbook of the birds of Europe the Middle East and North Africa: The birds of the Western Palearctic. Vol. 1”: OstrichDucks. The Royal Society for the Protection of Birds, Oxford University Press, Oxford. 722 pp. 1977.
[19] A. R. Johnson, and F. Cézilly, The Greater Flamingo. Poyser, Londres. 2007.
[20] A. Froneman, M.Mangnall, R. Little, and T. Crowe, “Waterbird assemblages and associated habitat characteristics of farm ponds in the Western Cape, South Africa.” Biodiversity and Conservation, 10: 251-270. 2001.
[21] J.Boukhriss, S.Selmi, A. Béchet, and S.Nouira, “Vigilance in Greater Flamingos Wintering in Southern Tunisia: Age-Dependent Flock Size Effect”.. Ethology, 113: 377-385. 2007
[22] L. Bouaguel, M. Saheb, E. Bensaci, S. Bougoudjil, Z. Bouslama, and M. Houhamdi, “Status and Diurnal Behavior of the Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus roseus in Algerian Eastern High Plains”. Annals of Biological Research, 4, 8:232-237. 2013.