Commenced in January 2007
Paper Count: 30121
Equilibrium, Kinetic and Thermodynamic Studies of the Biosorption of Textile Dye (Yellow Bemacid) onto Brahea edulis
Abstract:Environmental contamination is a major problem being faced by the society today. Industrial, agricultural, and domestic wastes, due to the rapid development in the technology, are discharged in the several receivers. Generally, this discharge is directed to the nearest water sources such as rivers, lakes, and seas. While the rates of development and waste production are not likely to diminish, efforts to control and dispose of wastes are appropriately rising. Wastewaters from textile industries represent a serious problem all over the world. They contain different types of synthetic dyes which are known to be a major source of environmental pollution in terms of both the volume of dye discharged and the effluent composition. From an environmental point of view, the removal of synthetic dyes is of great concern. Among several chemical and physical methods, adsorption is a promising technique due to the ease of use and low cost compared to other applications in the process of discoloration, especially if the adsorbent is inexpensive and readily available. The focus of the present study was to assess the potentiality of Brahea edulis (BE) for the removal of synthetic dye Yellow bemacid (YB) from aqueous solutions. The results obtained here may transfer to other dyes with a similar chemical structure. Biosorption studies were carried out under various parameters such as mass adsorbent particle, pH, contact time, initial dye concentration, and temperature. The biosorption kinetic data of the material (BE) was tested by the pseudo first-order and the pseudo-second-order kinetic models. Thermodynamic parameters including the Gibbs free energy ΔG, enthalpy ΔH, and entropy ΔS have revealed that the adsorption of YB on the BE is feasible, spontaneous, and endothermic. The equilibrium data were analyzed by using Langmuir, Freundlich, Elovich, and Temkin isotherm models. The experimental results show that the percentage of biosorption increases with an increase in the biosorbent mass (0.25 g: 12 mg/g; 1.5 g: 47.44 mg/g). The maximum biosorption occurred at around pH value of 2 for the YB. The equilibrium uptake was increased with an increase in the initial dye concentration in solution (Co = 120 mg/l; q = 35.97 mg/g). Biosorption kinetic data were properly fitted with the pseudo-second-order kinetic model. The best fit was obtained by the Langmuir model with high correlation coefficient (R2 > 0.998) and a maximum monolayer adsorption capacity of 35.97 mg/g for YB.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1125901Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 821
 K. Mohanty, J. T. Naidu, B. C. Meikap, M. N. Biswas, “Removal of crystal violet from wastewater by activated carbons prepared from rice husk”, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 45 (14), pp. 5165-5171, 2006.
 G. Crini, “Non-conventional low-cost adsorbents for dye removal: a review”, Bioresource Technol., 97(9), pp. 1061-85, Jun 2006.
 B. Kayan, B. Gözmen, M. Demirel, A. M. Gizir, “Degradation of acid red 97 dye in aqueous medium using wet oxidation and electro-Fenton techniques”, J. Hazard. Mater., 177, pp. 95–102, 2010.
 B. Royer, E. C. Lima, N. F. Cardoso, T. Calvete, R. E. Bruns, “Statistical design of experiments for optimization of batch adsorption conditions for removal of reactive red 194 textile dye from aqueous effluents”, Chem. Eng. Commun., 197, pp. 775–790, 2010.
 J. J. M. Órfão, A. I. M. Silva, J. C. V. Pereira, S. A. Barata, I. M. Fonseca, P. C. C. Faria, M. F. R. Pereira, “Adsorption of a reactive dye on chemically modified activated carbons– influence of pH”, J. Colloid Interface Sci., 296, pp. 480–489, 2006.
 S. Rosa, M. C. M. Laranjeira, H. G. Riela, V. T. Fávere, “Cross-linked quaternary chitosan as an adsorbent for the removal of the reactive dye from aqueous solutions”, J. Hazard. Mater., 155, pp. 253–260, 2008.
 F. A. Pavan, Y. Gushikem, A. S. Mazzocato, S. L. P. Dias, E. C. Lima, “Statistical design of experiments as a tool for optimizing the batch conditions to methylene blue biosorption on yellow passion fruit and mandarin peels”, Dyes and Pigments, 72, pp. 256–266, 2007.
 B. Royer, N. F. Cardoso, E. C. Lima, T. R. Macedo, C. Airoldi, “Sodic and acidic crystalline lamellar magadiite adsorbents for removal of methylene blue from aqueous solutions: Kinetic and equilibrium studies”, Sep. Sci. Technol., 45, pp. 129–141, 2010.
 K. R. Ramakrishna, T. Viraraghavan, “Dye Removal using Low Cost Adsorbents”, Water Sci. Technol., 36, pp. 189, 1997.
 G. McKay, H. S. Blair, and J. R. Gardner, “Rate Studies for the Adsorption of Dyestuffs on Chitin”, J. Colloid Interface Sci., 95, pp. 108, 1983.
 I. Uzun, “Kinetics of the Adsorption of Reactive Dyes by Chitosan”, Dyes Pigments, 70, pp. 76, 2006.
 G. McKay, “Analytical Solution using a Pore Diffusion Model for a Pseudo Irreversible Isotherm for the Adsorption of Basic Dye on Silica”, AIChE J., 30, pp. 692, 1984.
 M. Dogan, M. Alkan, and Y. Onganer, “Adsorption of Methylene Blue on Perlite from Aqueous Solutions”, Water Air Soil Pollut., 120, pp. 229, 2000.
 N. Barka, , A. Assabbane, A. Nounah, L. Laanab, and Y. Aît-Ichou, “Removal of Textile Dyes from Aqueous Solutions by Natural Phosphate as a New Adsorbent”, Desalination, 235, pp. 264, 2009.
 N. Barka, , S. Qourzal, A. Assabbane, A. Nounah, and Y. Aît -Ichou, “Adsorption of Disperse Blue SBL Dye by Synthesized Poorly Crystalline Hydroxyapatite”, J. Environ. Sci., 20, pp. 1268, 2008.
 D. V. Bavykin, , K. E. Redmond, B. P. Nias, A. N. Kulak, and F. C. Walsh, “The Effect of Ionic Charge on the Adsorption of Organic Dyes onto Titanate Nanotubes”, Aust. J. Chem., 63, pp. 270, 2010.
 C. Namasivayam, and D. Kavitha, “Removal of Congo Red from Water by Adsorption onto Activated Carbon Prepared from Coir Pith, an Agricultural Solid Waste”, Dyes Pigments, 54, pp. 47, 2002.
 C. Namasivayam, , D. Prabha, and M. Kumutha, “Removal of Direct Red and Acid Brilliant Blue by Adsorption on to Banana Pith”, Bioresour. Technol., 64, pp. 77, 1988.
 T. Robinson, P. Chandran, and P. Nigam, “Removal of Dyes from a Synthetic Textile Dye Effluent by Biosorption on Apple Pomace and Wheat Straw,’’ Water Res., 36, pp. 2824, 2002.
 W. T. Tsai, C. Y. Chang, M. C. Lin, S. F. Chien, H. F. Sun, and M. F. Hsieh, “Adsorption of Acid Dye onto Activated Carbon Prepared from Agricultural Waste Bagasse by ZnCl2 Activation”, Chemosphere, 45, pp. 5, 2001.
 Y. Seki, K. Yurdakoc, “Adsorption of Promethazine hydrochloride with KSF Montmorillonite”, Adsorption, 12, pp. 89, 2006.
 N. Nait Merzoug, “Application of rods of dates in the adsorption of organic pollutants”. Magister Thesis, Department of Materials Science, University Mohamed Cherif Massaadia Souk Ahras, 2013.
 Y. S. Ho, Sientometrics, 59, pp. 171, 2004.
 Y. S. Ho, G. McKay, “the kinetics of sorption of divalent metal Ions onto sphagnum moss peat”, Water Res., 34, pp. 735, 2000.
 M. Doğan, M. Alkan, Ö. Demirbaş, Y. Özdemir, C. Özmetin, “Adsorption kinetics of maxilon blue GRL onto sepiolite from aqueous solutions”, Chem. Eng. J., 124 (1), pp. 89-101, 2006.
 M. Arami, N. Y. Limaee, N. M. Mahmoodi, N. S. Tabrizi, “Equilibrium and kinetics studies for the adsorption of direct and acid dyes from aqueous solution by soy meal hull”. J. Hazard. Mater., B 135, pp. 171, 2006.
 E. N. El Qada, S. J. Allen, and G. M. Walker, “Adsorption of methylene blue onto activated carbon produced from steam activated bituminous coal: a study of equilibrium adsorption isotherm”, Chem. Eng. J., vol. 124, no. 1–3, pp. 103–110, 2006.
 I. Langmuir, “the constitution and fundamental properties of solids and liquids. Part i. Solids”, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 38, pp. 2221, 1916.
 H. Freundlich, “Uber die Adsorption in L ̈osungen”, Z. Phys. Chem., A 57, pp. 385- 470, 1906.
 P. Baskaralingam, M. Pulikesi, V. Ramamurthi, S. Sivanesan, “Equilibrium studies for the adsorption of Acid dye onto modified hectorite”, J. Hazard. Mater.,Vol. 136, no. 3, , pp. 989–992, 25 August 2006.
 A. Reyad, M. Shawabkeh, F. Tutunji, “Experimental study and modeling of basic dye sorption by diatomaceous clay”, Appl. Clay Sci., 24, pp. 111 – 120, 2003.
 P. Baskaralingam, M. Pulikesi, D. Elango, V. Ramamurthi, S. Sivanesan, “Adsorption of acid dye onto organobentonite”; J. Hazard. Mater., 128(2-3), pp. 138-44, 2006.
 V. K. Gupta, D. Mohan, V. K. Saini, “Studies on the interaction of some azo dyes (naphthol red-J and direct orange) with nontronite mineral”, J. Colloid Interface Sci., 1, 298(1), pp. 79-86, 2006.
 S. H. Chien, W. R.Clayton, “Application of Elovich equation to the kinetics of phosphate release and sorption on soils”, Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., Vol., 44, pp. 265-268, 1980.
 M. J. Temkin, V. Pyzhev, “Recent modification to Langmiur isotherms”, Acta Physiochim. USSR, Vol., 12 pp. 217–222, 1940.
 G. Rytwo, R. Huterer-Harari, S. Dultz, Y. Gonen, “Adsorption of fast green and erythrosin-B to montmorillonite modified with crystal violet”, J. Therm. Anal. Calorim., Vol., 84, no. 1, pp. 225-231, April 2006.
 G. Rytwo, E. Ruiz-Hitzky, “Enthalpies of adsorption of methylene blue and crystal violet to montmorilonite”, J. Therm. Anal. Calorim., 71, pp. 751–759, 2003.
 D. A. Johnson, “Some Thermodynamic Aspects of Inorganic Chemistry, second ed., Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 1982.
 M. Alkan, Ö. Demirbaş, S. Celikcapa, M. Doğan, “Sorption of acid red 57 from aqueous solution onto sepiolite” J. Hazard. Mater., 116 (1), pp. 135-145, 2004.