Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 30745
Study of Structure and Properties of Polyester/Carbon Blends for Technical Applications

Authors: Manisha A. Hira, Arup Rakshit


Textile substrates are endowed with flexibility and ease of making–up, but are non-conductors of electricity. Conductive materials like carbon can be incorporated into textile structures to make flexible conductive materials. Such conductive textiles find applications as electrostatic discharge materials, electromagnetic shielding materials and flexible materials to carry current or signals. This work focuses on use of carbon fiber as conductor of electricity. Carbon fibers in staple or tow form can be incorporated in textile yarn structure to conduct electricity. The paper highlights the process for development of these conductive yarns of polyester/carbon using Friction spinning (DREF) as well as ring spinning. The optimized process parameters for processing hybrid structure of polyester with carbon tow on DREF spinning and polyester with carbon staple fiber using ring spinning have been presented. The studies have been linked to highlight the electrical conductivity of the developed yarns. Further, the developed yarns have been incorporated as weft in fabric and their electrical conductivity has been evaluated. The paper demonstrates the structure and properties of fabrics developed from such polyester/carbon blend yarns and their suitability as electrically dissipative fabrics.

Keywords: Carbon Fiber, hybrid yarns, electrostatic dissipative fabrics

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 978


[1] Minus M., Kumar S., The Processing, Properties & Structure of Carbon Fibers, High Performance Fibers, Feb., 2005, 52-58.
[2] Lennox – Kerr R R, P. Current State of Electrically Conductive Materials. High Performance Textiles. 1990, no. 11, s. 6-7.
[3] Maiti S, Singha K., Textiles in Electromagnetic Radiation Protection, Journal of Safety Engineering 2013, 2(2): 11-19
[4] Rakshit A., & Hira M.A., Electrically conductive Fiber Substrates, International J of Fiber & Textile Research, 2014, ; 4(3): 44-48.
[5] Rameshkumar C., Anandkumar P.,, Influence of core component on the properties of friction spun yarns, AUTEX Research Journal, Vol. 8, No4, December 2008, 106-110.
[6] Perumaraj R., Nalankilli G., Copper, stainless steel, glass core yarn and ply yarn woven fabric composite materials properties, Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites, July 2010, doi:10.1177/0731684410365007
[7] Perumalaj and Dasardhan, Tensile properties of copper core yarn, Journal of Textile and Apparel, Technology and Management, volume 6, Issue 2, Fall 2009.1-23.
[8] Hasan M & Cherief C,Analysis of the Influence of Process Parameters on the Mechanical Properties of Carbon Core Friction Spun Hybrid Yarns for Composites, FIBRES & TEXTILES in Eastern Europe 2011, Vol. 19, No. 4 (87) pp. 59-64.
[9] Milltekey J & Sarfarova V, A Study of Electrical Conductivity of Hybrid Yarns Containing Metal Fibers Journal of Materials Science and Engineering, B 2 (2) (2012) 197-202
[10] Stadler H. & Soliman M. A., Study of yarn formation process during friction, Melliand Textileber., E44-114, 1989.
[11] Padmanabhan A. R.Ramkrishanan N., Influence of process parameters on properties of friction spun yarns, Indian Jounrnal of Fibre & Textile Res., 18, March, 1993, 14-19.
[12] Chattopadhyay R., Salhotra K. R. & Dhamija S., Influence of friction ratio on quality of friction spun yarns, Indian Journal of Fibre & Textile Res., 23, Sept, 1998, 131-135.
[13] Mir Mohammad Badrul Hasan, Olaf Diestel and Chokri Cherif , Electro-mechanical properties of frictionspun conductive hybrid yarns made of carbon filaments for composites, 2011, Textile Research Journal 1(15) 1603–1616.
[14] Ueng T. H., Cheng K. B.; Friction Corespun Yarns for electrical properties of woven fabrics, Composites part A, Vol.32 (2001) pp. 1491-1496.
[15] Cieślak M., Wróbel S., Kamińska I., Lao M.; Functional Upholstery Materials for Protection against Electrostatic Risk FIBRES & TEXTILES in Eastern Europe 2009, Vol. 17, No. 4 (75) pp. 52-58.