Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 30123
Effects of Gamma Radiation on Tomato Leafminer, Tuta absoluta (Meyrick) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae)

Authors: Akın Kuyulu, Hanife Genç


In present study, it was aimed to evaluate the gamma radiation impacts on tomato leaf miner at different biological stages. The laboratory colony of tomato leaf miner was used to set up the experiments. Different biological stages of the insects (eggs, 4th instars and pupae) were irradiated using Cobalt-60 at doses of 0 (control), 100 Gray (Gy), 200 Gy, 300 Gy and 400 Gy in Cos-44HH-N source, at dose rate of 480 Gy/h. After irradiation, the eggs were incubated until hatching; the mature larvae were reared to complete their developments. Adult emergences from irradiated pupae were also evaluated. The results showed that there were no egg hatching at all tested irradiation doses. Although, the pupal percentages of irradiated mature larvae were 54%, 15% and 8% at doses of 100 Gy, 200 Gy and 300 Gy respectively, there were no adult emergences from irradiated mature larvae. On the other hand, the adult emergences were observed from irradiated pupae, decreased as radiation doses increased along with malformed adult appearance. Male and female individuals were out crossed with laboratory reared adults. Fecundity was correlated with radiation doses.

Keywords: Irradiation, tomato, tomato leafminer, Tuta absoluta.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1068


[1] L. Duarte, M.Á. Martínez and H.P.B. Vanda, “Biology and population parameters of Tuta absoluta (Meyrick) under laboratory conditions”, Rev. Protección Veg. vol. 30, pp. 19-29, 2015.
[2] F.A. Suinaga, M. Picanço, G.N. Jham and S.H. Brommonschenkel, “Causas químicas de resistencia de Lycopersicum peruvianum (L.) a Tuta absoluta (Meyrick) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae)”, An. Soc. Entomol., Brasil vol. 28, pp. 313-321, 1999.
[3] J.B. Torres, C.A. Faria, W.S. Evangelista, D. Pratissoli, “Within-plant distribution of the leaf miner Tuta absoluta (Meyrick) immatures in processing tomatoes, with notes on plant phenology”, Int J. Pest. Manag., vol. 47, pp. 173–178, 2011.
[4] G.T. Garzia, G. Siscaro, A. Biondi, L. Zappalà, “Biology, distribution and damage of Tuta absoluta, an exotic invasive pest from South America”, EPPO/IOBC/FAO/NEPPO Joint International Symposium on Management of Tuta absoluta (tomato borer, Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) in collaboration with the IRAC and IBMA Agadir, Morocco, November 16-18, abstract, 2012.
[5] A. Cocco, S. Deliperi and G. Delrio, “Control of Tuta absoluta (Meyrick) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) in greenhouse tomato crops using the mating disruption technique”, J. Appl. Entomol., vol. 137, pp. 16–28, 2013.
[6] A. Urbaneja, J. González-Cabrera, J. Arnó and R. Gabarra, “Prospects for the biological control of Tuta absoluta in tomatoes of the Mediterranean basin”, Pest Manag. Sci., vol. 68, pp. 1215–1222, 2012.
[7] T. Kılıç, “First record of Tuta absoluta in Turkey”, Phytoparasitica, vol. 38, pp. 243-244, 2010.
[8] S. Öztemiz, “Domates güvesi (Tuta absoluta Meyrick (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) ve Biyolojik Mücadelesi”, KSÜ Doğa Bil. Derg., vol. 15, pp. 47-57, 2012.
[9] H.A. De Siqueira, R.N. Guedes and M.C. Picanço, “Insecticide resistance in populations of Tuta absoluta (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae)”, Agric. For. Entomol., vol. 2, pp. 147-153, 2000.
[10] EPPO, “Tuta absoluta found on Phaseolus vulgaris in Sicilia (IT)” (No. 8), EPPO Reporting Service. pp 16. 2009.
[11] H. Vargas, “Observaciones sobre la biología y enemigos naturales de la polilla del tomate, Gnorimoschema absoluta (Meyrick)”, Idesia, vol. 1, pp. 75-110, 1970.
[12] R.G. Campos, “Control químico del “minador de hojas y tallos de la papa” (Scrobipalpula absoluta Meyrick) en el valle del Cañete”, Rev. Per. Entomol., vol. 19, pp. 102-106, 1976.
[13] M. Portakaldalı, S. Öztemiz and H. Kütük, “A New Host Plant for Tuta absoluta (Meyrick) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) in Turkey”, J. Entomol. Res. Soc., vol. 15, pp. 21-24, 2013.
[14] Y. Bayram, M. Büyük, C. Özaslan, Ö. Bektaş, N. Bayram, Ç. Mutlu, E. Ateş and B. Bükün, “New host plants of Tuta absoluta (Meyrick) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) in Turkey”, Journal of Tekirdağ Agricultural Faculty, vol. 12, pp. 43-46, 2015.
[15] N. Desneux, M.G. Luna, T. Guillemaud and A. Urbaneja, “The invasive South American tomato pinworm, Tuta absoluta continues to spread in Afro-Eurasia and beyond: the new threat to tomato world production”, J. Pest Sci. vol. 84, pp. 403-408, 2011.
[16] M.V. Colomo and D.C. Berta, “Fluctuación de la población de Scrobipalpula absoluta (Meyrick) (Lepidoptera, Gelechiidae) en plantaciones de tomate en el Departamento de Lules, Tucumán”, Acta Zool. Lilloana, vol. 43, pp.165-177, 1995.
[17] M.M. Lietti, E. Botto, R.A. Alsogaray, “Insecticide resistance in Argentine populations of Tuta absoluta (Meyrick) (Lepidoptera: Gelechidae)”, Neotrop. Entomol., vol. 34, pp.113–119, 2005.
[18] K.A. Bloem, S. Bloen and J.E. Carpenter, “Impact of moth suppression/eradication programmes using the sterile insect technique or inherited sterility”, In: Sterile Insect Technique. Principles and practices in area-wide integrated pest management. ED. By. Dyck, V.A., Hendrichs, J., Robinson, A.S. Springer, Dordrecht, 677-700, 2005.
[19] B. Fatima, N. Ahmad, R.M. Memon, M. Bux and Q. Ahmad, “Enhancing biological control of sugarcane shoot borer, Chilo infuscatellus (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae), through use of radiation to improve laboratory rearing and field augmentation of egg and larval parasitoids”, Biocont. Sci. Technol., vol. 19, pp. 277-290, 2009.
[20] K.S. Kusumahadi and M. S. Hudaya, “Induced sterility of sugarcane stem borer Chilo auricilius (Dudgeon) by gamma radiation”, In Proceedings, Symposium III: Applications of Isotopes and Radiation. 16-17 Dec 1986, Jakarta, Indonesia, pp. 801-812, 1988.
[21] K.D. Elsey and J. Browers, “Sterilization of the pickleworm (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) by ionizing radiation or heat”. J. Econ. Entomol., vol. 77, pp. 1236-1239, 1984.
[22] G.J. Hallman, “Irradiation quarantine treatment research against arthropods other than fruit flies”, Irradiation as a phytosanitary treatment of food and agricultural commodities, IAEA-TEC-DOC-1427, pp. 37-44, 2004.
[23] M.M. Husseiny and H.F. Madsen, “Sterilization of the navel orange worm, Paramyelois transitella (Walker) by gamma irradiation”, Hilgardia, vol. 36, pp.113-137, 1964.
[24] C.L. Cagnotti, M.B. Viscarret, M.B. Riquelme, E.N. Botto, L.Z. Carabajal, D.F. Segura and S.N. López, “Effects of X rays on Tuta absoluta (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae): for use in inherited sterility programmes”, J. of Pest Sci., vol. 85, pp. 413–421, 2012.
[25] G.A. Groppo, “Effects of gamma radiation of Cobalt-60 on different phases of the evolutive cycle of pinworm- Tuta absoluta (Meyrick, 1917) (Lepidoptera, Gelechiidae)”, pp. 14-15 (abstract), 1996.
[26] H. Genc, “The tomato leafminer, Tuta absoluta (Meyrick) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae): Pupal Key Characters for Sexing Individuals”. Turkish Journal of Zoology (in press). 2016.
[27] M.C.F, Coelho and F.H. França, “Biologia, quetotaxia da larva e descrição da pupa e adulto da traça-do-tomateiro”, Pesq Agropec Bras., vol. 22, pp.129-135 (in Portuguese), 1987.
[28] A. Bakri, K. Mehta and D.R. Lance, “Sterilizing insects with ionizing radiation”, In: Dyck VA, Hendrichs J, Robinson AS (eds) Sterile insect technique. Principles and practice in area-wide integrated pest management, Springer, Dordrecht, pp 233–268, 2005.
[29] J.E. Carpenter, S. Bloem and K.A. Bloem, “Inherited sterility in Cactoblastis cactorium (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae)”, Fla. Entomol., vol. 84, pp. 537-542, 2001.
[30] J.E. Carpenter, S. Bloem and F. Marec, “Inherited sterility in insects”, In: Dyck VA, Hendrichs J, Robinson AS (eds) Sterile insect technique principles and practice in area-wide integrated pest management, Chap 2.4. Springer, Netherlands, pp. 115–146, 2005.
[31] O.G. Marti and J.E. Carpenter, “Effect of irradiation on the incidence of mating in Cactoblastic cactorum”. Fla. Entomol., vol. 92, pp. 159-160, 2009.
[32] I. Rosca and A. Barbulescu, “Gamma radiation sterilization of Ostrinia nubilalis Hubner, an important pest of maize crops in Romania”, Rev. Roumaine Biol., vol. 34, pp. 107-111, 1989.
[33] I. Rosca and A. Barbulescu, “Sterility inheritance in the irradiated European corn borer”. Rev. Roumaine Biol. Vol. 35, pp. 27-30, 1990.
[34] D.T. North and G.G. Holt, “Inherited sterility and its use in population suppression of Lepidoptera”, In: Proceedings of the symposium application of induced sterility for control of Lepidoptera populations, FAO/IAEA, Vienna, pp. 87–97, 1971.
[35] S. Bloem, J.E. Carpenter and J.H. Hofmeyr, “Radiation biology and inherited Sterility in false codling moth (Lepidoptera: Torticidae)”, J. Econ. Entomol., vol. 96, pp. 1724-1731, 2003.
[36] S. Sutrisno, M.S. Hoedaya, D. Sutardi, A. Rahayu, “Radiation induced F1 sterility in diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella (L.), and tropical armyworm, Spodoptera lituria F”, In: Proceedings of the symposium Radiation induced F1 sterility in Lepidoptera for area wide control, FAO/IAEA, 9–13 September 1991, Arizona, pp. 23–36, 1993.
[37] Q.H. Nguyen Thi and T.T Nguyen Thanh, “Radiation-induced F1 sterility in Plutella xylostella (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae): potential for population suppression in the field”, Fla. Entomol., vol. 84, pp. 199–208, 2001.
[38] M.H. Dhouibi and C.T. Abderahmane, “The effects of substerilizing doses of gamma radiation on the pupae of the carob moth Ectomyelois ceratonia (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae)”, In: Proceedings of the symposium evaluation of population, supression by irradiated Lepidoptera and their progeny, FAO/IAEA Final Research Coordination Meething, 28-30 May 1998. Penang, Malaysia, IAEA-D4-RC-561, pp. 43-48, 2001.
[39] T. J. Henneberry and T.E. Clayton, “Effects of gamma radiation on pink bollworm (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) pupae: adult emergence, reproduction, mating and longevity of emerged adults and their progeny”, J. Econ. Entomol., vol. 81, pp. 322-326, 1988.
[40] H. Makee, G. Saour, “Inherited effects in F1 progeny of partially sterile male Pthorimaea operculella (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae)”, J. Econ. Entomol., vol. 90, pp. 1097–1101, 1997.
[41] H. Makee and G. Saour, “Noninherited sterility in irradiated Pthorimaea operculella females”, J. Appl. Entomol., vol. 127, pp. 489–493, 2003.