Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 30123
Assessment of Conditions and Experience for Plantation of Agro-Energy Crops on Degraded Agricultural Land in Serbia

Authors: Djordjevic J. Sladjana, Djordjevic-Milošević B. Suzana, Milošević M. Slobodan

Abstract:

The potential of biomass as a renewable energy source leads Serbia to be the top of European countries by the amount of available but unused biomass. Technologies for its use are available and ecologically acceptable. Moreover, they are not expensive high-tech solutions even for the poor investment environment of Serbia, while other options seem to be less achievable. From the other point of view, Serbia has a huge percentage of unused agriculture land. Agricultural production in Serbia languishes: a large share of agricultural land therefore remains untreated, and there is a significant proportion of degraded land. From all the above, biomass intended for energy production is becoming an increasingly important factor in the stabilization of agricultural activities. Orientation towards the growing bioenergy crops versus conventional crop cultivation becomes an interesting option. The aim of this paper is to point out the possibility of growing energy crops in accordance with the conditions and cultural practice in rural areas of Serbia. First of all, the cultivation of energy crops on lower quality land is being discussed, in order to revitalize the rural areas of crops through their inclusion into potential energy sector. Next is the theme of throwing more light on the increase in the area under this competitive agricultural production to correct land use in terms of climate change in Serbia. The goal of this paper is to point out the contribution of the share of biomass in energy production and consumption, and the effect of reducing the negative environmental impact.

Keywords: Agro-energy crops, conditions for plantation, revitalization of rural areas, degraded and unused soils.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1125827

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 725

References:


[1] N. Babović, G. Dražić, A. Đorđević, Possibilities of using biomass originating from Miscanthus×giganteus, Hem. ind. 66 (2) 223–233 (2012).
[2] S. Djordjevic, D. Cvetkovic, I. Radanović, J. Ikanović, B. Pavlović, Perspectives of development and spreading of bioenergy crops, Ecologica, 20 (2013) pp 400-104.
[3] J. P. McCalmontT et al., Environmental costs and benefits of growing Miscanthus for bioenergy in the UK, GCB Bioenergy (2015), aviable on http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/gcbb.12294/pdf
[4] P. McKendry, Energy production from biomass (part 1): overview of bio mass , Bioresource Technology 83 (2002), pp 37–46.
[5] G. Hoffmann, D. Schingnitz, A. Schnapke, B. Bilitewski, Reduction of CO(2)-emissions by using biomass in combustion and digestion plants, Waste Management, Volume 30, Issue 5 (2010), pages 893–901
[6] L. Gustavsson, P. Börjesson, B. Johansson, P. Svenningsson, Reducing CO2 emissions by substituting biomass for fossil fuels, Energy 20(11) (1995), pp 1097-1113.
[7] Z. Dzeletovic, G. Drazic, Dj. Glamoclija, N. Mihajlovic, Miscanthus – European Experience with a Novel Energy Crop, PTEP 1450-5029 (2007) 11; 1-2, pp 66-70.
[8] Ž. Dželetović., Dj. Glamočlija, The economic importance of growing Miscanthus, Agricultural Engineering (2011/2), 61-68.
[9] M. Golusin, Z. Tesic, A. Ostojic, The analysis of the renewable energy production sector in Serbia. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Vol. 14(5) (2010), pp 1477-1483.
[10] B. Jovanović, M. Parović, “Status and development of biomass in Serbia”, Jefferson Institute, 2009.
[11] Conclusion for Biomass Action Plan 2010-2012 Adoption, Official Gazette of Republic of Serbia No 56/2010.
[12] National Action Plan for the use of Renewable Energy Sources in Serbia, 2013, The Ministry of energy, development and environment
[13] Ž. Dzeletovic et al, Prospects of using plants as bioenergy crops, Aagricultural engineering, Year XXXII, (2007/3), pages. 59-67.
[14] Ž. Dzeletovic, G. Drazic, S. Blagojevic, N. Mihajlovic, Specific agro-technical conditions of growing Miscanthus, Agricultural Engineering, Year XXXI, Volume 4, December, 2006.
[15] I. Lewandowski, “Produktion von Energiegräsern und-getreiden: Möglichkeiten und Grenzen der Produktion von biogenen Festbrennstoffen am Beispiel von Miscanthus”, Rohrglanzgras und Wintergetreide. Habilitation Institut fuer Pflanzenbau und Gruenland, Universität Hohenheim, 200, 162 pp.
[16] S. Nonhebel, Energy yields in intensive and extensive biomass production systems. Biomass and Bioenergy, 2002, vol. 22, No. 3, pp 159–167.
[17] I. Lewandowski, J. Clifton-Brown, M.O. Scurlock, W. Huisman, Miscanthus: European experience with a novel energy crop, Biomass Bioenerg. 19(2000), pp 209–227.
[18] L. Laursen Cytogenetic analysis of Miscanthus 'Giganteus', an interspecific hybrid, (1993) Hereditas 119:297–300.
[19] D. Christian, A. Riche, A Nitrate leaching losses under Miscanthus grass planted on a silty clay loam soil. Soil Use and management, 14(1998), pp 131–135.
[20] S. Jankovic, Dj. Glamoclija, S. Prodanovic, Energetski usevi - Tehnologija proizvodnje i prerade, Institut za primenu nauke u poljoprivredi (2015).
[21] G. Drazic, Agro-energy Crop, in Ecoremediation Of Degraded Areas through Miscanthus Plantation Establishment, Singidunum University, Faculty of applied Ecology Futura, (2014), pp 16-31
[22] G. Dražić, Degraded land resources of the Republic of Serbia, in Degraded areas of the Republic of Serbia, Faculty of applied ecology Futura, Belgrade, 2010, pp.35-48.
[23] Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia, 2013, Census of Agriculture 2012 in the Republic of Serbia, First report.
[24] A. Vitas, Experimental field trial with the type of Miscanthus × giganteus on location Zasavica, in Ecoremediation of Degraded Areas through Miscanthus Plantation Establishment, Singidunum University, Faculty of applied Ecology Futura, (2014), pp 118-138
[25] M. Arandjelovic, Impact of abiotic and biotic factors on morphological characteristics of the experimental field of miscanthus in Vrsac, in Ecoremediation of Degraded Areas through Miscanthus Plantation Establishment, Singidunum University, Faculty of applied Ecology Futura, (2014), pp 94-117
[26] Ž. Dželetović, J. Maksimović, I. Živanović, Yield of Miscanthus×giganteus During Crop Establishment at two Locations in Serbia, Journal on Processing and Energy in Agriculture 18 (2014) 2 1821-4487; p 62-64
[27] M. Jakovljevic, et al., Biomass Production as Renewable Energy Resource, Thermal Scinence Vol. 19, No. 3, (2015), pp. 823-835
[28] G. Dražić, N. Mihailović, Ž. Dželetović, B. Stevanović, J. Šinžar, Miscanthus Giganteus – The Basis of New Bioenergetic Fuel, in 2007 Book of paper. 13th Symposium on Thermal Science and Engineering of Serbia, pp 131-134
[29] J.C. Clifton-Brown, B. Neilson, I. Lewandowski, M.B. Jones, The modelled productivity of Miscanthus × giganteus (GREEF et DEU) in Ireland, Industrial Crops and Products, vol. 12, Issue 2, August 2000, pp 97–109.
[30] DEFRA, “Planting and growing Miscanthus”. Best Practice Guidelines (for Applicants to Defra’s Energy Crops Scheмe), Rural development programme, England, 2007. http://adlib.everysite.co.uk/resources/000/023/838/miscanthus- guide.pdf (online Oct 2012).
[31] S. Đorđević et al., Adaptation of agricultural land based on Regional climate models”, in 2013 Conference proceedings, Scientific-technical Conference Environmental protection between Science and Practice - Status and perspectives, pp 413-422.
[32] T. Popović et al., “Climate changes in Serbia and expected impacts”, in 2009 Proc. V Regional Conference "EnE09 – Environment to Europe”,pp 12-18.