Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 30855
Infestations of Olive Fruit Fly, Bactrocera oleae (Rossi) (Diptera: Tephritidae), in Different Olive Cultivars in Çanakkale, Turkey

Authors: Hanife Genc


The olive fruit fly, Bactrocera oleae (Rossi), is an economically important and endemic pest in olive (Oleae europae) orchards in Turkey. The aim of this study was to determine olive fruit fly infestation in different olive cultivars in the laboratory. Olive fly infested fruits were collected in Çanakkale province to establish wild fly population. After having reproductive olive fly colonies, 14 olive cultivars were tested in the controlled laboratory conditions, at 23±2 °C, 65% RH and 16:8 h (light: dark) photoperiod. The olive samples from 14 different olive cultivars were collected in October 2015, in Campus of Dardanos, Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University. Observations were carried out detecting some biological parameters such as the number of oviposition stings, active infestation, total infestation, the number of pupae and the adult emergence. The results indicated that oviposition stings were not associated with pupal yield. A few pupae were found within olive fruits which were not able to exit. Screening of the varieties suggested that less susceptible cultivar to olive fruit fly attacks was Arbequin while Gemlik-2M 2/3 showed significant susceptibility. Ovipositional preference of olive fly females and the success of larval development in different olive varieties are crucial for establishing new olive orchards to prevent high olive fruit fly infestation.

Keywords: infestation, olive fruit fly, olive cultivars, oviposition sting

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1769


[1] F. Luchetti, “Importance and future of olive oil in the world market – an introduction to olive oil”, Eur. J. Lipid Sci. Technol., vol. 104, pp. 559–563, 2002.
[2] M. F. Gonçalves, R. Malheiro, S. Casal, L. Torres, and J. A. Pereira, “Influence of fruit traits on oviposition preference of the olive fly, Bactrocera oleae (Rossi) (Diptera: Tephritidae), on three Portuguese olive varieties (Cobrançosa, Madural and Verdeal Transmontana)”, Scientia Horticulturae, vol. 145, pp. 127–135, 2012.
[3] F. Nardi, A. Carapelli, J. L. Boore, G. K. Roderick, R. Dallai, and F. Frati, “Domestication of olive fly through a multi-regional host shift to cultivated olives: comparative dating using complete mitochondrial genomes”, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., vol. 57, no. 2, pp. 678-686, 2010.
[4] G. Bartolini, G. Prevost, C, Messeri and G, Carignani, “Olive germoplasm (Olea europaea L.) Cultivars, synonyms, cultivation areas, descriptors”, at: (accessed at 21.04.10), 2010.
[5] H. J. Burrack and F. G. Zalom, “Olive fruit fly (Diptera:Tephritidae) ovipositional preference and larval performans in several commercially important olive varieties in California”, J. of Econ. Entomol., vol. 101, no. 3, pp. 750-758, 2008.
[6] H. Genc and J. L. Nation, “Maintaining of Bactrocera oleae (Gmelin.) (Diptera:Tephritidae) colony on its natural host in the laboratory”, J. Pest Sci., vol. 81, no.3, pp.167-174, 2008.
[7] M.N. Al-Salti, O. Edriss and M. Al-Ali, “Susceptibility of two olive varieties aldeibli and alkhudairi to olive fruit fly Bactrocera oleae (Gmelin.) (Diptera:Tephritidae)”, J. of Agri. Sci. Tech. pp. 987-996, 2011.
[8] M. E. Tzanakakis, “Insects and mites feeding on olive. Distribution, Importance, Habits, Seasonal Development, and Dormancy”. Brill Academic Publishers, Boston. 2006.
[9] H. Genc, and J. L. Nation, “Survival and development of Bactrocera oleae Gmelin. (Diptera:Tephritidae) immature stages at four temperatures in the laboratory”, African Journal of Biotechnology, vol. 8, no. 7, pp. 2495-2500, 2008.
[10] H. Genc, “An Alien Species Commonly Known As Native: The Olive Fruit Fly (Bactrocera oleae (Rossi)) (Diptera:Tephritidae)” 4th ESENIAS Workshop: International Workshop on IAS in Agricultural and Non-Agricultural Areas in ESENIAS Region 16-17 December 2013, Abstract, 2013
[11] H. Genc, “Modified agar based diet for laboratory rearing of olive fruit fly Bactrocera oleae Gmelin. (Diptera:Tephritidae)”, Florida Entomol., vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 651-656, 2008.
[12] J. A. Tsitsipis and A. Kontos, “Improved solid adult diet for the olive fruit fly Dacus oleae”, Entomol. Hellenica vol. 1, pp. 24-29, 1983.
[13] K. M. Daane and M. W. Johnson, “Olive fruit fly: managing an ancient pest in modern times”, Annu. Rev. Entomol., vol. 55, pp. 155–169, 2010.
[14] H. Genc, “Possible residaul effect of pesticide on Bactrocera oleae rossi (Diptera:Tephritidae) adults”, Florida Entomol. vol. 95, no. 3, 787-788, 2012.
[15] H. Genc, “Embryonic development of the olive fruit fly, Bactrocera oleae Rossi (Diptera: Tephritidae) in vivo”, Turkish Journal of Zoology, vol. 38, pp. 598-602, 2014.
[16] H. Genc, “Screening of organophosphate resistance in the acetycholinesterase gene of field collected olive fruit fly, Bactrocera oleae Rossi (Diptera:Tephritidae)”, Romanian Biotechnological Letters, vol. 21 pp. 11209-11216, 2016.
[17] N. J. Hawkes and R. W. Janes, J. Hemingway and J. Vontas, “ Detection of resistance-associated point mutations of organophosphate-insensitive acetylcholinesterase in the olive fruit fly, Bactrocera oleae (Gmelin)”, Pestic. Biochem. Physiol. vol. 81, pp. 154–163, 2005.
[18] H, Genc, M. F. Schetelig., X, Nirmala and A.M. Handler, “Germline transformation of the olive fruit fly, Bactrocera oleae (Diptera: Tephritidae) with a piggyBac transposon vector”, Turkish Journal of Biology, in press 2016.
[19] M. Koukidou, A. Klinakis, C. Reboulakis, L. Zagoraiou and I. Livadaras, A. Economopoulos and C. Savakis “Germ line transformation of the olive fly Bactrocera oleae using a versatile transgenesis marker”, Insect Molecular Biology, pp. 95–103, 2006.
[20] N. Iannotta, L. Perri, C. Tocci and F. Zaffina, “The behavior of different olive cultivars following attacks by Bactrocera oleae (Gmel.)”, Acta Hortic. vol. 474, pp. 545–548, 1999.
[21] N. Iannotta, M. E. Noce, V. Ripa, S. Scalercio and V. Vizzarri, “Assessment of susceptibility of olive cultivars to the Bactrocera oleae (Gmelin, 1790) and Camarosporium dalmaticum (Thum.) Zachos & Tzav-Klon attacks in Calabria (Southern Italy)”, J. Environ. Sci. Health, Part B 42, pp. 789–793, 2007.
[22] P. Neuenschwander, S. Michelakis, P. Holloway and W. Berchtold, “Factors affecting the susceptibility of fruits of different olive varieties to attack by Dacus oleae (Gmel.) (Diptera: Tephritidae)” Z. Ang. Entomol. vol. 100, pp. 174–188, 1985.
[23] B. Gümusay, U. Ozilbey, G. Ertem and A. Oktar, “Studies on the susceptibility of some important table and oil olive cultivars of Aegean Region to olive fly (Dacus oleae Gmel.) in Turkey”, Acta Hortic. vol. 286, pp. 359–361, 1990.
[24] M. Aluja and R. L. Mangan, “Fruit fly (Diptera: Tephritidae) host status determination: critical conceptual, methodological, and regulatory considerations”. Annu. Rev. Entomol. vol. 53, pp. 473–502, 2008.