Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 31584
A Sustainable Design Model by Integrated Evaluation of Closed-loop Design and Supply Chain Using a Mathematical Model

Authors: Yuan-Jye Tseng, Yi-Shiuan Chen


The paper presented a sustainable design model for integrated evaluation of the design and supply chain of a product for the sustainable objectives. To design a product, there can be alternative ways to assign the detailed specifications to fulfill the same design objectives. In the design alternative cases, different material and manufacturing processes with various supply chain activities may be required for the production. Therefore, it is required to evaluate the different design cases based on the sustainable objectives. In this research, a closed-loop design model is developed by integrating the forward design model and reverse design model. From the supply chain point of view, the decisions in the forward design model are connected with the forward supply chain. The decisions in the reverse design model are connected with the reverse supply chain considering the sustainable objectives. The purpose of this research is to develop a mathematical model for analyzing the design cases by integrated evaluating the criteria in the closed-loop design and the closed-loop supply chain. The decision variables are built to represent the design cases of the forward design and reverse design. The cost parameters in a forward design include the costs of material and manufacturing processes. The cost parameters in a reverse design include the costs of recycling, disassembly, reusing, remanufacturing, and disposing. The mathematical model is formulated to minimize the total cost under the design constraints. In practical applications, the decisions of the mathematical model can be used for selecting a design case for the purpose of sustainable design of a product. An example product is demonstrated in the paper. The test result shows that the sustainable design model is useful for integrated evaluation of the design and the supply chain to achieve the sustainable objectives.

Keywords: Closed-loop design, closed-loop supply chain, design evaluation, mathematical model, supply chain management, sustainable design model.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1028


[1] Tseng, Yuan-Jye, and Yi-Shiuan Chen, “A Closed-loop Design Model for Sustainable Manufacturing by Integrating Forward Design and Reverse Design,” International Journal of Social, Behavioral, Educational, Economic and Management Engineering, Vol. 9, No. 7, 2015, pp. 2217-2213.
[2] Y.-J. Tseng, and Y-J Wang, “A Product Development for Green Logistics Model by Integrated Evaluation of Design and Manufacturing and Green Supply Chain”, ICIME 2013 International Conference on Industrial and Mechanical Engineering (World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology), London, UK, July 08-09, 2013, vol. 7, no. 7, pp. 420-425.
[3] C. A. Weber, J. R. Current, and W. C. Benton, “Vendor Selection Criteria and Methods,” European Journal of Operational Research, vol. 50, pp. 2-18, 1991.
[4] R. G. Kasilingam, and C. P. Lee, “Selection of Vendors: A Mixed-Integer Programming Approach,” Computers and Industrial Engineering, vol. 31, no. 1-2, pp. 347-350, 1996.
[5] P. K. Humphreys, Y. K., Wong, and F. T. S. Chan, “Integrating environmental criteria into the supplier selection process,” Journal of Materials Processing Technology, vol. 138, pp.349-356, 2003.
[6] G. Akyuz, and E., T. Erman, “Supply chain performance measurement: a literature review,” International Journal of Production Research, vol. 48, no. 17, pp. 5137-5155, 2010.
[7] F. Schultmann, M. Zumkeller, and O. Rentz, “Modeling reverse logistic tasks within closed-loop supply chains: An example from the automotive industry,” European Journal of Operational Research, vol. 171. no. 3, pp. 1033-1050, 2006.
[8] A. Alshamrani, K. Athur, and R. H. Ballou, “Reverse logistics: simultaneous design of delivery routes and returns strategies,” Computers & Operations Research, vol. 34, no. 2, pp. 595-619, 2007.
[9] Y. Y. Lu, C. H. Wu, and T. C. Kuo, “Environmental principles applicable to green supplier evaluation by using multi-objective decision analysis,” International Journal of Production Research, vol. 45, no. 18, pp. 4317-4331, 2007.
[10] H. J. Ko, and G. W. Evans, “A genetic algorithm-based heuristic for the dynamic integrated forward/reverse logistics network for 3PLs,” Computers & Operations Research, vol. 34, no. 2, pp. 346-366, 2007.
[11] G. F. Yang, Z. P. Wang, and X. Q. Li, “The optimization of the closed-loop supply chain network," Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, vol. 45, no. 1, pp. 16-28, 2009.
[12] G. Kannan, P. Sasikumar, and K. Devika, “A genetic algorithm approach for solving a closed loop supply chain model: A case of battery recycling,” Applied Mathematical Modelling, vol. 34, pp.655-670, 2010.
[13] C. H. Chuang, and C. H. Wang, “Closed-loop supply chain models for a high-tech product under alternative reverse channel and collection cost structures”, International Journal of Production Economics, vol. 156, pp. 108-123, 2014.
[14] V. Hashemi, V., M. Chen, and L. Fang, “Process planning for closed-loop aerospace manufacturing supply chain and environmental impact reduction”, Computers and Industrial Engineering, vol. 75, pp 87-95, 2014.
[15] M. Ramezani, A. Kimiagari, and B. Karimi, ”Closed-loop supply chain network design: A financial approach”, Applied Mathematical Modelling, vol. 38, pp. 4099-4119, 2014.