Commenced in January 2007
Paper Count: 30827
Effect of Crude Oil on Soil-Water Characteristic Curve of Clayey Soil
Abstract:The measured soil suction values when related to water content is called suction-water content relationship (SWR) or soil-water characteristic curve (SWCC) and forms the basis of unsaturated soil behavior assessment. The SWCC can be measured or predicted based on soil index properties such as grain-size distribution and plasticity index. In this paper, the SWCC of clean and contaminated clayey soil classified as clay with low plasticity (CL) are presented. Laboratory studies were conducted on virgin (disturbed-uncontaminated soil collected from vicinity of Tehran oil refinery) soil and soil samples simulated to varying degrees of contamination with crude oil (i.e., 3, 6, and 9% by dry weight of soil) to compare the results before and after contamination. Laboratory tests were conducted using a device which is capable of measuring volume change and pore pressures. The soil matric suction at the ends of samples controlled by using the axis translation technique. The results show that contamination with crude oil facilitates the movement of water and reduces the soil suction.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1125075Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1332
 B. Lin and A. B. Cerato, “Investigation on soil-water characteristics curves of untreated and stabilized highly clayey expansive soils,” Geotech. Geol. Eng., vol. 30, pp. 803-812, 2012.
 D. G. Fredlund and H. Rahardjo, Soil mechanics for unsaturated soils, John Wiley and Sons, 1993.
 A. Aldaood, M. Bouasker, and M. Al-Mukhtar, “Soil–water characteristic curve of lime treated gypseous soil,” Applied Clay Science, vol. 102, pp. 128-138, 2014.
 D. G. Fredlund, H. Rahardjo, and M.D. Fredlund, Unsaturatedsoil mechanics in engineering practice, John Wiley and Sons, 2012.
 R. Brooks and A. Corey, Hydraulic properties of porous media, Colorado State University Hydrology Paper, No. 3, Fort Collins, CO, 1964.
 M. T. Van Genuchten, “A closed-form equation for predicting the hydraulic conductivity of unsaturated soils,” Soil Science Society of America Journal, vol. 44, No. 5, pp. 892-898, 1980.
 D. G. Fredlund and A. Xing, “Equations for the soil-water characteristic curve,” Canadian Geotechnical Journal, vol. 31, No. 4, pp. 521-532, 1994.
 K. Kosugi, “Lognormal distribution model for unsaturated soil hydraulic properties,” Water Resour. Res., vol. 32, No. 9, pp. 2697-2703, 1996.
 D. M. Pedroso, D. S. Chao, and J. Z. Dong, “The concept of reference curves for constitutive modeling in soil mechanics,” Computers and Geotechnics, vol. 36, pp. 149-165, 2009.
 E. C. Leong and H. Rahardjo, “Review of soil water characteristic curve equations,” Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering, vol. 123, no. 12, pp. 1106–1117, 1997.
 W. S. Sillers, D. G. Fredlund, and N. Zakerzadeh, “Mathematical attributes of some soil-water characteristic curve models,” Geotechnical and Geological Engineering, vol. 19, N0. 3-4, pp. 243-283, 2001.
 W. R. Gardner, “Mathematics of isothermal water conduction in unsaturated soils,” in Highway Research Board Special Report 40 International Symposiums on Physico-Chemical Phenomenon in Soils, Washington, 1956, pp. 78–87.
 W. Brutsaert, “Probability laws for pore-size distributions,” Soil Science, vol. 101, pp. 85–92, 1966.
 M. Tani, “The properties of a water-table rise produced by a one dimensional, vertical, unsaturated flow,” Journal of Japan Forestry Society, vol. 64, pp. 409–418, 1982 (In Japanese).
 C. R. Mckee and A. C. Bumb, “The importance of unsaturated flow parameters in designing a hazardous waste site,” in Proc. Hazardous Waste and Environmental Emergencies: Hazardous Materials Control Research Institute National Conference, Houston, 1984, pp. 50–58.
 C. R. McKee and A. C. Bumb, “Flow-testing coal bed methane production wells in the presence of water and gas,” SPE Formation Evaluation, vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 599–608, 1987.
 N. T. Burdine, “Relative permeability calculations from poresize distribution data,” Transactions of the American Institute of Mining and Metallurgical Engineers, vol. 198, pp. 71–77, 1953.
 Y. Mualem, “A new model for predicting the hydraulic conductivity of unsaturated porous media,” Water Resources Research, vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 513–522, 1976.
 K. Kosugi, “Three-parameter lognormal distribution model for soil water retention,” Water Resources Research, vol. 30, no. 4, pp. 891–901, 1994.
 A. M. Khuraibet and F. A. Attar, Preliminary assessment of the effect of oil spillage on some chemical properties of soils in Kuwait. Assessment and remediation of oil contaminated soils, New Age International (P) Ltd. Publishers, 1998.
 P. Fine, E. R. Garber, and B. Yaron, “Soil interactions with petroleum hydrocarbons: abiotic processes,” Soil Technol., vol. 10, pp. 133-153, 1997.
 A. V. Shroff, “Properties of oil contaminated soil and their remedial methods by admixtures - A case study,” in Proc. I.G.C. 1997 Vadodara, India, 1997, pp. 399-400.
 D. K. Talukdar and B. D. Saikia, “Effect of Crude Oil on Some Properties of Clayey Soil,” in Proc.I.G.C. 2010, Mumbai,India, 2010, pp. 349-352.
 D. K. Talukdar and B. D. Saikia, “Effect of crude oil on some clayey soil of high compressibility,” Institution of Engineers (India) Journal, vol. 91, 2011.
 D. K. Talukdar and B. D. Saikia, “Improvement of strength of crude oil contaminated soil,” in Proc. Indian Geotechnical Conference, Delhi, Dec. 2012.
 C. Malaya and S. Sreedeep, “A study on the change in SWCC parameters of a local soil due to fly ash addition,” Journal of Environmental Research and Development, Vol. 5, No. 4, pp. 972-977, 2011.
 S. R. Burckhard, D. Pirkl, V. R. Schaefer, P. Kulakow, and B. Leven, “A study of soil water-holding properties as affected by TPH contamination,” in Proc.2000 Conference on Hazardous Waste Research, 2000, pp. 356-359.
 A. S. Mohammad and C. Vipulanandan, “Behavior of oil contaminated CL soil,” in Proc.THC-IT-2011 Conference & Exhibition, 2011.
 M. Nouri, M. Homaee, and M. Baybordi, “Parametric assessment of soil retention at presence of petroleum in three-phase system,” Journal of Water and Soil Resources Conservation, vol. 2, No. 2, pp. 15-24, 2012 (In Farsi).
 S. K. Singh, R. K. Srivastava, and S. John, “Settlement characteristics of clayey soils contaminated with petroleum hydrocarbons,” Soil Sediment Contam., vol. 17, pp. 290-300, 2008.
 A. Anandarajah and D. Zhao, “Triaxial behavior of kaolinite in different pore fluids,” Journal of geotechnical and geoenvironmental engineering, vol. 126, pp. 148-156, 2000.
 A. Kaya and H. Y. Fang, “Experimental evidence of reduction in attractive and repulsive forces between clay particles permeated with organic liquids,” Can. Geotech. J., vol. 42, pp. 632-640, 2005.
 M. Kermani and T. Ebadi, “The effect of oil contamination on the geotechnical properties of fine-grained soil,” Soil and Sediment Contamination, vol. 21, pp. 655-671, 2012.
 H. M. Alhassan and S. A. Fagge, “Effects of crude oil, low point pour fuel oil and vacuum gas oil contamination on the geotechnical properties sand, clay and laterite soils,” International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications, vol. 3, pp. 1947-1954, 2013.
 H. Ur-Rehman, S. N. Abduljauwad, and T. Akram, “Geotechnical behavior of oil contaminated fine-grained soils,” Electronic Journal of Geotechnical Engineering, vol. 12A, 2007.
 K. Moharramzedeh, S. D. Mohammadi, M. Nikoudel, R. Ghabrae, and M. K. Kangari, “Investigation of geotechnical properties of Tabriz refinery contaminated surface soils,” in Proc. 31th congress on earth science, Iran,2012 (In Farsi).