Mapping the Core Processes and Identifying Actors along with Their Roles, Functions and Linkages in Trout Value Chain in Kashmir, India
Rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) and Brown trout (Salmo trutta fario) are the two species of trout which were once introduced by British in waters of Kashmir has well adapted to favorable climatic conditions. Cold water fisheries are one of the emerging sectors in Kashmir valley and trout holds an important place Jammu and Kashmir fisheries. Realizing the immense potential of trout culture in Kashmir region, the state fisheries department started privatizing trout culture under the centrally funded scheme of RKVY in which they provide 80 percent subsidy for raceway construction and supply of feed and seed for the first year since 2009-10 and at present there are 362 private trout farms. To cater the growing demand for trout in the valley, it is important to understand the bottlenecks faced in the propagation of trout culture. Value chain analysis provides a generic framework to understand the various activities and processes, mapping and studying linkages is first step that needs to be done in any value chain analysis. In Kashmir, it is found that trout hatcheries play a crucial role in insuring the continuous supply of trout seed in valley. Feed is most limiting factor in trout culture and the farmer has to incur high cost in payment and in the transportation of feed from the feed mill to farm. Lack of aqua clinic in the Kashmir valley needs to be addressed. Brood stock maintenance, breeding and seed production, technical assistance to private farmer, extension services have to be strengthened and there is need to development healthier environment for new entrepreneurs. It was found that trout farmers do not avail credit facility as there is no well define credit scheme for fisheries in the state. The study showed weak institutional linkages. Research and development should focus more on applied science rather than basic science.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1125067Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 938
 N. Hassan, & D.N. Pandey, “Present status of trout fisheries in jammu and kashmir” Journal of Pharmacy., 2(5), 2012.,pp.35–37.
 G. Macfadyen, A.m. G. Nasr-Alla, and D. Alkeynary, “Value-chain analysis — an assessment methodology to estimate Egyptian aquaculture sector performance”. Aquaculture., 362-363, . 2012.,pp.18–27.
 M. Porter, “Competitive advantage: Creating and Sustaining Superior Performance.” In pp. 33–61. 1985
 A. Rai, and R. Bhujel, “Rainbow Trout (Onchorhynchus Mykiss) Culture in the Himalayan Kingdom of Nepal”. APAARI, Bangkok, 2005.,pp. 1-25.
 D. Rusell, and H. Satish, “Manual on Value Chain Analysis and Promotion. Pescares Italia”, 2012, pp.4-54.
 A.S. Sodhi, J.D. Saroch, and J. Verma, “Fisheries Resources of Kashmir : A case study of River Jhelum”, Journal of chemical, Biological and Physical Sciences., 3(2), 2013. pp. 1194–120.
 NFBD Schemes, National Fisheries Development Board (Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying & Fisheries, Ministry of Agriculture, Govt. of India), 2014.
 DoF (Department of Fisheries) (2016) Official website of Department of Fisheries, Jammu and Kashmir. http://jkfisheries.in/achievements.htm. Accessed on 2 June 2016.