Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 30835
Eisenhower’s Farewell Speech: Initial and Continuing Communication Effects

Authors: B. Kuiper


When Dwight D. Eisenhower delivered his final Presidential speech in 1961, he was using the opportunity to bid farewell to America, but he was also trying to warn his fellow countrymen about deeper challenges threatening the country. In this analysis, Eisenhower’s speech is examined in light of the impact it had on American culture, communication concepts, and political ramifications. The paper initially highlights the previous literature on the speech, especially in light of its 50th anniversary, and reveals a man whose main concern was how the speech’s words would affect his beloved country. The painstaking approach to the wording of the speech to reveal the intent is key, particularly in light of analyzing the motivations according to “virtuous communication.” This philosophical construct indicates that Eisenhower’s Farewell Address was crafted carefully according to a departing President’s deepest values and concerns, concepts that he wanted to pass along to his successor, to his country, and even to the world.

Keywords: Mass Communication, Rhetoric, Eisenhower, political speech

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1346


[1] Lucas, Stephen E., and Martin J. Medhurst. Words of a Century: The Top 100 American Speeches, 1900-1999. New York: Oxford University Press, 2008. Print.
[2] National Public Radio. “Eisenhower's Warning Still Challenges a Nation.” All Things Considered. January 16, 2011. Web. 19 Nov. 2011.
[3] Roberts, Sam. "In Archive, New Light on Evolution of Eisenhower Speech." New York Times 11 Dec. 2010: 13. Newspaper Source Plus. Web. 28 Nov. 2011.
[4] Hanft, Adam. “50th Anniversary of Eisenhower's 'Military-Industry Complex' Speech; Still Shocking on Many Levels.” The Huffington Post, January 18, 2011. Web. 12 Nov. 2011.
[5] Krieger, David. “Remembering Eisenhower’s Farewell Address.” Common Dreams. January 15, 2011. Web. 19 Nov. 2011.
[6] McLean, William F. Gavin. “Eisenhower Saw It as the Lesser Evil.” New York Times 13 Dec. 1985: 34. Web. 19 Nov. 2011.
[7] Bromund, Theodore. “Like Washington, Eisenhower’s Farewell Address Counseled Balance.” The Foundry. The Heritage Foundation. January 17, 2011. Web. 12 Nov. 2011
[8] Matson, Floyd W. “Farewell Address: Dwight D. Eisenhower.” Voices of Crisis: Vital Speeches on Contemporary Issues. New York: The Odyssey Press, Inc., 1967. 132-141. Print.
[9] Hall, Michael. “Eisenhower’s Farewell Address: A Textual Analysis.” Generation Cobweb. May 15, 2007. Web. 26 Nov. 2011.
[10] Brinkley, Douglas. “Eisenhower The Dove.” American Heritage 52.6 (2001): 58-63, 65. MasterFILE Premier. Web. 19 Nov. 2011.
[11] MacIntyre, Alasdair. After Virtue. Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press, 1981. Print.
[12] MacIntyre, Alasdair. Three Rival Versions of Moral Enquiry. Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press, 1990. Print.
[13] National Public Radio. “Ike's Warning of Military Expansion, 50 Years Later.” Morning Edition. January 17, 2011. Web. 19 Nov. 2011.
[14] Lewis, Anthony. “Abroad at Home: The Military-Industrial Complex.” New York Times 21 Nov. 1985: 35. Web. 19 Nov. 2011.
[15] Sorensen, Theodore C. Kennedy. New York: Harper & Row, 1965. Print.
[16] Eisenhower, Dwight D. Waging Peace: 1956-1961. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1965. Print.
[17] Frum, David. How We Got Here: The '70s. New York: Basic Books, 2000. Print.
[18] Beschloss, Michael R. Eisenhower: A Centennial Life. New York: HarperCollins Publishers, 1990. Print.
[19] Parmet, Herbert S. Eisenhower and the American Crusades. New York: The MacMillan Company, 1972. Print.
[20] Hughes, Emmet John. The Ordeal of Power: A Political Memoir of the Eisenhower Years. New York: Atheneum, 1963. Print.
[21] Milburn, John. "Papers Reveal Story Behind Eisenhower's Warning About 'Military-Industrial Complex'." Canadian Press 10 Dec. 2010 (n.p.): Newspaper Source Plus. Web. 28 Nov. 2011.
[22] Zakaria, Farheed. “Why Defense Spending Should Be Cut.” The Washington Post, August 3, 2011. Web. 19 Nov. 2011.
[23] Eisenhower, Susan. “50 Years Later, We're Still Ignoring Ike's Warning.” The Washington Post, January 16, 2011, p. B3. Web. 19 Nov. 2011.
[24] Eisenhower, Dwight D. “Farewell Address.” January 17, 1961. American Rhetoric. Web. 12 Nov. 2011.
[25] Gibbs, Nancy. “When New President Meets Old, It's Not Always Pretty.” Time, November 10, 2008. Web. 26 Nov. 2011.
[26] Newton, Jim. “Ike's Speech.” New Yorker 86.41 (2010): 42-44. Literary Reference Center. Web. 19 Nov. 2011.