The Prospective Assessment of Zero-Energy Dwellings
The highest priority of so called, projected passive houses is to meet the appropriate energy demand. Every single material and layer which is injected into a dwelling has a certain energy quantity stored. The passive houses include optimized insulation levels with minimal thermal bridges, minimum of air leakage through the building, utilization of passive solar and internal gains, and good circulation of air which leans on mechanical ventilation system. The focus of this paper is on passive house features, benefits and targets, their feasibility and energy demands which are set up during each project. Numerous passive house-standards outline the very significant role of zero-energy dwellings towards the modern label of sustainable development. It is clear that the performance of both built and existing housing stock must be addressed if the population across the world sets out the energy objectives. This scientific article examines passive house features since the many passive house cases are launched.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1125033Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 808
References:R. Raven, R. Mourik, C. Feenstra, and E. Heiskanen, "Modulating societal acceptance in new energy projects: Towards a toolkit methodology for project managers," Energy, vol. 34, pp. 564-574, 2009.
 V. Huckemann, E. Kuchen, M. Leão, and É. F. Leão, "Empirical thermal comfort evaluation of single and double skin façades," Building and Environment, vol. 45, pp. 976-982, 2010.
 A. Costa, M. M. Keane, J. I. Torrens, and E. Corry, "Building operation and energy performance: Monitoring, analysis and optimisation toolkit," Applied Energy, vol. 101, pp. 310-316, 2013.
 A. R. Neves and V. Leal, "Energy sustainability indicators for local energy planning: review of current practices and derivation of a new framework," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 14, pp. 2723-2735, 2010.
 G. Seyfang and A. Haxeltine, "Growing grassroots innovations: exploring the role of community-based initiatives in governing sustainable energy transitions," Environment and Planning-Part C, vol. 30, p. 381, 2012.
 E. Mazria and K. Kershner, "Meeting the 2030 challenge through building codes," Architecture, vol. 2030, 2008.
 M. Elswijk and H. Kaan, "European embedding of passive houses," ed: Final report IEE-SAVE Promotion of European Passive Houses (PEP) project, the Netherlands (ECN), 2008.
 J. Schnieders, "CEPHEUS–measurement results from more than 100 dwelling units in passive houses," European Council for an Energy Efficient Economy: Summer Study, vol. 2003, 2003.
 E. Mlecnik, H. Visscher, and A. Van Hal, "Barriers and opportunities or labels for highly energy-efficient houses," Energy policy, vol. 38, pp. 4592-4603, 2010.
 J. Laustsen, "Energy efficiency requirements in building codes, energy efficiency policies for new buildings," International Energy Agency (IEA), pp. 477-488, 2008.
 A. Flaga-Maryanczyk, J. Schnotale, J. Radon, and K. Was, "Experimental measurements and CFD simulation of a ground source heat exchanger operating at a cold climate for a passive house ventilation system," Energy and buildings, vol. 68, pp. 562-570, 2014.
 E. Annunziata, M. Frey, and F. Rizzi, "Towards nearly zero-energy buildings: The state-of-art of national regulations in Europe," Energy, vol. 57, pp. 125-133, 2013.
 V. Bradshaw, The building environment: Active and passive control systems: John Wiley & Sons, 2010.
 A. Z.-Z. Szalay, "What is missing from the concept of the new European Building Directive?," Building and Environment, vol. 42, pp. 1761-1769, 2007.
 W. Feist, "First Steps: What can be a Passive House in your region with your climate," Passive House Institute (www. passiv. de), Darmstadt, 2005.
 V. Badescu, "Economic aspects of using ground thermal energy for passive house heating," Renewable Energy, vol. 32, pp. 895-903, 2007.
 M. Schaede and M. Großklos, Mehrfamilienhäuser als Passivhäuser mit Energiegewinn (PH+ E): Endbericht: Inst. Wohnen und Umwelt, 2014.
 S. Peper, O. Kah, R. Pfluger, and J. Schnieders, "Erkenntnisse über Lüftung und Energieverbrauch sowie Bodenplattendämmung aus Monitoring‐Untersuchungen an einem Passivhaus‐Schulgebäude," Bauphysik, vol. 30, pp. 26-32, 2008.
 Francis G. N. Li, A.Z.P. Smith, Phillip Biddulph, Ian G. Hamilton and others "Solid-wall U-values: heat flux measurements compared with standard assumptions", BRI - Building Research & Information 2015, Vol. 43, No. 2, 238–252
 "Code for Sustainable Homes", www.communities.gov.uk, December 2006.
 I. Sartori and A. G. Hestnes, "Energy use in the life cycle of conventional and low-energy buildings: A review article," Energy and buildings, vol. 39, pp. 249-257, 2007.
 L. Georges, C. Massart, G. Van Moeseke, and A. De Herde, "Environmental and economic performance of heating systems for energy-efficient dwellings: Case of passive and low-energy single-family houses," Energy policy, vol. 40, pp. 452-464, 2012.