Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 31107
Wind Power Assessment for Turkey and Evaluation by APLUS Code

Authors: Ibrahim H. Kilic, A. B. Tugrul


Energy is a fundamental component in economic development and energy consumption is an index of prosperity and the standard of living. The consumption of energy per capita has increased significantly over the last decades, as the standard of living has improved. Turkey’s geographical location has several advantages for extensive use of wind power. Among the renewable sources, Turkey has very high wind energy potential. Information such as installation capacity of wind power plants in installation, under construction and license stages in the country are reported in detail. Some suggestions are presented in order to increase the wind power installation capacity of Turkey. Turkey’s economic and social development has led to a massive increase in demand for electricity over the last decades. Since the Turkey has no major oil or gas reserves, it is highly dependent on energy imports and is exposed to energy insecurity in the future. But Turkey does have huge potential for renewable energy utilization. There has been a huge growth in the construction of wind power plants and small hydropower plants in recent years. To meet the growing energy demand, the Turkish Government has adopted incentives for investments in renewable energy production. Wind energy investments evaluated the impact of feed-in tariffs (FIT) based on three scenarios that are optimistic, realistic and pessimistic with APLUS software that is developed for rational evaluation for energy market. Results of the three scenarios are evaluated in the view of electricity market for Turkey.

Keywords: Renewable Energy, Turkey, wind power, Energy policy, APLUS

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 755


[1] Huesemann MH. The limits of technological solutions to sustainable development. Clean Technology Environment Policy 2003;5(1):21–34.
[2] British Petroleum Inc. (BP). Statistical Review of World Energy London: BP, June 2015, Retrieved January 2016, from <>.
[3] Energy Information Administration (EIA). International Energy Outlook 2011, Washington, DC: EIA, 2011, Retrieved March 2016, from <>.
[4] Renewable Energy Policy Network for the 21st Century, Renewables 2015 Global Status Report, 2015.
[5] International Energy Agency (IEA), Medium-Term Renewable Energy Market Report, 2015, Retrieved March 2016, from .
[6] US Environmental Protection Agency, Global Greenhouse Gas Emissions Data, 2016, Retrieved March 2016, from .
[7] Gökçek M, Erdem HH, Bayülken A. A techno-economical evaluation for installation of suitable wind energy plants in Western Marmara, Turkey, Energy Explore Exploit 2007b;25:407–28.
[8] Global Wind Energy Council (GWEC), Global Wind Statistics, February 2016, Retrieved March 2016, from <>.
[9] Turkey Electricity Transmission Company (TEIAS), Annual Energy Market Report, 2015.
[10] Turkish Wind Energy Association (TWEA), Turkish Wind Energy Statistics Report, January 2016.
[11] Republic of Turkey Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources, Turkey National Renewable Energy Action Plan, December 2014.
[12] Frankfurt School-UNEP Centre/BNEF, Global Trends in Renewable Energy Investment 2016, March 2016, Retrieved April 2016, from <>.
[13] Turkish Energy Market Regulatory Authority (EMRA), The Renewable Energy Law, 2013.
[14] Blanco, M.I., The Economics of Wind Energy. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 2009.
[15] Sawin, J.L., Sverrisson, F., Chawla, K., Lins, C., McCrone, A., Musolino, E., Riahi, L., Sims, R., Skeen, J., Sverrisson, F., Renewables 2014 Global Status Report, Technical Report, Renewable Energy Policy Network for the 21st Century, 2014.
[16] APLUS Energy Investment Technology Consultancy, AVIEW-MarketSim Fundamental Energy Price Forecast Model, İstanbul, 2015.