Using Focus Groups to Identify Mon Set Menus of Bang Kadi Community in Bangkok
Authors: S. Nitiworakarn
In recent years, focus-group discussions, as a resources of qualitative facts collection, have gained popularity amongst practices within social science studies. Despite this popularity, studying qualitative information, particularly focus-group meetings, creates a challenge to most practitioner inspectors. The Mons, also known as Raman is considered to be one of the earliest peoples in mainland South-East Asia and to be found in scattered communities in Thailand, around the central valley and even in Bangkok. The present project responds to the needs identified traditional Mon set menus based on the participation of Bang Kadi community in Bangkok, Thailand. The aim of this study was to generate Mon food set menus based on the participation of the community and to study Mon food in set menus of Bang Kadi population by focus-group interviews and discussions during May to October 2015 of Bang Kadi community in Bangkok, Thailand. Data were collected using (1) focus group discussion between the researcher and 147 people in the community, including community leaders, women of the community and the elderly of the community (2) cooking between the researcher and 22 residents of the community. After the focus group discussion, the results found that Mon set menus of Bang Kadi residents involved of Kang Neng Kua-dit, Kang Luk-yom, Kang Som-Kajaeb, Kangleng Puk-pung, Yum Cha-cam, Pik-pa, Kao-new dek-ha and Num Ma-toom and the ingredients used in cooking are mainly found in local and seasonal regime. Most of foods in set menus are consequent from local wisdom.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1124737Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 877
 R. A. Krueger, and M. A. Casey, Focus Groups: A Practical Guide for Applied Research, 3rd ed. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.2000.
 F. Rabiee, "Focus-group interview and data analysis." Proceedings of the nutrition society, Vol. 63, no. 4, pp. 655-660, 2004.
 M. D. Kaplowitz, and P. H. John, "Do focus groups and individual interviews reveal the same information for natural resource valuation?" Ecological Economics Vo. 36, no. 2, pp. 237-247, 2001.
 B. Stewart, D. Olson, C. Goody, A. Tinsley, R. Amos, N. Betts, C. Georgiou, S. Hoerr, R. Ivaturi, and J. Voichick, “Converting focus group data on food choices into a quantitative instrument”, Journal of Nutrition Education, Vol.26 no.1, pp.34-36, 1994
 B. Halkier, "Focus groups as social enactments: integrating interaction and content in the analysis of focus group data," Qualitative research Vo. 10, no. 1, pp. 71-89, 2010.
 V. Wibeck, M. A. Dahlgren, and G. Öberg, “Learning in focus groups an analytical dimension for enhancing focus group research”, Qualitative research, vol. 7, no. 2, pp.249-267, 2007.
 M. E. Khan, M. Anker, B. C. Patel, S. Barge, H. Sadhwani, and R. Kohle, “The use of focus groups in social and behavioural research: some methodological issues”, World Health Stat Q, Vol. 44, no. 3, pp. 145-149, 1991.
 A. James, “Cooking the Books. Global or Local Identities in Contemporary British Food Cultures?”, in David Howes (ed.) Cross-Cultural Consumption. Global Markets, Local Realities, London: Routledge, pp. 77–92, 1996.
 M. B. Holstein, M. Waymack, and J. A. Parks, Ethics, aging, and society: The critical turn. Springer Publishing Company, 2010.
 R. Halliday, “Immigration of the Mons into Siam” Journal of the Siam Society, Vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 1-15, 1913.
 Smithies, M. “Village Mons of Bangkok”, Journal of the Siam Society, vol. 60, no.1, pp. 307-332,1972
 R. Tirtosudarmo, "Forced Migration in Southeast Asia: An Introduction." Asian and Pacific Migration Journal, Vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 1-6, 2006.
 A. Trichopoulou, S. Stavroula, and V. Effie, "Traditional foods: a science and society perspective." Trends in Food Science & Technology, Vol. 18, no. 8, pp. 420-427, 2007.
 S. Nitiworakarn, "Identity of Cultural Food: A Case Study of Traditional Mon Cuisine in Bangkok, Thailand." World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology International Journal of Social, Behavioral, Educational, Economic, Business and Industrial Engineering, Vol 9, No 6, pp. 2060-2063, 2015.
 K. Viwatpanich, "Consumption and Nutritive Values of Traditional Mon Food." ASEAS-Austrian Journal, Vol.5, no. 1, pp. 152-160, 2012.
 S. Ullah, A. Bano, S. Girmay S, and G. Tan, “Anticancer, antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of Suaeda fruticosa related to its phytochemical screening. International Journal of Phytomedicine. Vol. 4, no.2, pp.284-291, 2012.
 H. Padalia and S. Chanda, “Comparative phytochemical analysis of aerial parts of A. procumbeans, F. dichotoma, S. sponteneum, S. nigra and T. angustifolia”, Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry. Vol. 1, no. 4(2). pp. 11-16, 2015.