Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 31107
Use of Visualization Techniques for Active Learning Engagement in Environmental Science Engineering Courses

Authors: Srinivasan Latha, M. R. Christhu Raj, Rajeev Sukumaran


Active learning strategies have completely rewritten the concept of teaching and learning. Academicians have clocked back to Socratic approaches of questioning. Educators have started implementing active learning strategies for effective learning with the help of tools and technology. As Generation-Y learners are mostly visual, engaging them using visualization techniques play a vital role in their learning process. The facilitator has an important role in intrinsically motivating the learners using different approaches to create self-learning interests. Different visualization techniques were used along with lectures to help students understand and appreciate the concepts. Anonymous feedback was collected from learners. The consolidated report shows that majority of learners accepted the usage of visualization techniques was helpful in understanding concepts as well as create interest in learning the course. This study helps to understand, how the use of visualization techniques help the facilitator to engage learners effectively as well create and intrinsic motivation for their learning.

Keywords: problem solving, Visualization Techniques, mind maps, flowchart, concept maps, argument maps, tree diagram

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1353


[1] Turns, J., Atman, C.J. and Adams, R., “Concept maps for engineering education: a cognitively motivated tool supporting varied assessment functions”, IEEE Transaction. on Education. Vol. 43, No.2, pp. 164-173 2000.
[2] West, D. C., Pomeroy, J. R., Park, J. K, “Critical thinking in graduate medical education: A role for concept mapping assessment”, The Journal of the American Medical Association, Vol. 284, No.9, pp. 1105–1110, 2000
[3] Burkhard R, “Knowledge Visualization--The Use of Complementary Visual Representations for the Transfer of Knowledge. A Model, a Framework, and Four New Approaches”. Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH): Zurich, 2005
[4] McClure, J.R., Sonak, B. and Suen, H.K., “Concept map assessment of classroom learning: reliability, validity, and logistical practicality”, Journal of Research in Science Teaching, Vol. 36, No. 4, pp. 475-492 1999.
[5] Markham, K.M., Mintzes, J.J. and Jones, M.G., “The concept map as a research and evaluation tool: further evidence of validity”, Journal of Research in Science Teaching, Vol. 31, No. 1, pp. 91-101.
[6] Roth, W.M., “Student views of collaborative concept mapping an emancipatory research project”, Science Education Vol.78, No. 1, pp. 1-34, 1994.
[7] Nassi, I., and Shneiderman, B “Flowchart techniques for structured programming”. SIGPLAN Notices, Vol. 8, No.8.
[8] Prabir K Sarker, “Use of Concept Maps for problem-solving in engineering”, Global Journal of Engineering Education, Vol.17, No. 1, pp. 29-33, 2015.
[9] Mento, A., Martinelli, P and Jones, R. M, “Mind mapping in executive education: Applications and outcomes”, Journal of Management Development Vol. 18, No. 4, pp. 390–407, 1999.
[10] Novak JD. “Learning, Creating, and Using Knowledge: Concept Maps as Facilitative Tools in Schools and Corporations”. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates: Mahwah, NJ, 1998
[11] Twardy, C, “Argument maps improve critical thinking”, Teaching Philosophy Vol. 27, No.2, pp. 95–116.
[12] Kitchin RM. "Cognitive Maps: What Are They and Why Study Them?” Journal of Environmental Psychology Vol. 14 No.1, 1994.
[13] Wu, Wentao, "Probase: A probabilistic taxonomy for text understanding." Proceedings of the ACM SIGMOD International Conference on Management of Data. ACM, 2012.
[14] Steyvers, M.; Tenenbaum, J.B. (2005). "The Large-Scale Structure of Semantic Networks: Statistical Analyses and a Model of Semantic Growth". Cognitive Science, Vol. 29, No. 1, pp. 41–78.
[15] Yee, K.-P, D. Fisher, R. Dhamija, & M. Hearst. “Animated Exploration of Dynamic Graphs with Radial Layout”. Proc. Information Visualization, pp. 43-50, 2001.
[16] Douma, Michael, Greg Ligierko, Ovidiu Ancuta, P. Gritsai, and S. Liu. Spicy Nodes: Radial Layout Authoring for the General Public. InfoVis. Atlantic City, NJ. October 2009.
[17] Farrand P, Hussain F, Hennessy E. “The efficacy of the mind maps study technique”, Medical Education, Vol.5, pp. 426–431, 2002
[18] Van der Laan, S and Dean, G. “Assessment to Encourage Meaningful Learning in Groups:”, AAFANZ SIZ, Wellington, 2006.