Commenced in January 2007
Paper Count: 30063
Natural Disaster Tourism as a Type of Dark Tourism
Authors: Dorota Rucińska
Abstract:This theoretical paper combines the academic discourse regarding a specific part of dark tourism. Based on the literature analysis, distinction of natural disasters in thanatourism was investigated, which is connected with dynamic geographical conditions. Natural disasters used to play an important role in social life by their appearance in myths and religions. Nowadays, tourists pursuing natural hazards can be divided into three groups: Those interested in natural hazards themselves; those interested in landscape deformation and experiencing emotions shortly after extreme events - natural disasters - occur; and finally those interested in historic places log after an extreme event takes place. An important element of the natural disaster tourism is quick access to information on the location of a disaster and the destination of a potential excursion. Natural disaster tourism suits alternative tourism, yet it is opposed culture tourism, and sustainable tourism. The paper compares types and groups of tourists. It also considers the contradictions that describe dualism, which exists in dark tourism.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1124107Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF
 P. R´o˙zycki, Zarys wiedzy o turystyce. Proksenia, Krak´ow, 2006.
 M. Pirveli, “Istota zjawiska turystyki,” The Mayor and His Commune, vol. 6, no. 37, 2008.
 A. Kowalczyk, Geografia turyzmu, ser. 2. Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN, 2001.
 P. Stone, “A dark tourism spectrum: Towards a typology of death and macabre related tourist sites, attractions and exhibitions,” TOURISM: An Interdisciplinary International Journal, vol. 52, no. 6, pp. 145–160, 2006.
 I. Cossart. (2015) I was the face of disaster tourism in post-katrina new orleans. (Online). Available: http://www.buzzfeed.com/isabellecossart/ i-was-the-face-of-disaster-tourism-in-post-katrina-new-orlea# .dbjKMbx7J
 A. H. Maslow, Motivation and Personality. New York: Harper and Row, Publishers, Inc., 1970.
 E. Cohen, “Toward a sociology of international tourism,” Social Research, vol. 39, no. 1, pp. 164–182, 1972.
 J. L. Crompton, “Motivations of pleasure vacations,” Annals of Tourism Research, vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 408–424, 1979.
 A. V. Seaton, “Unobtrusive observational measures as a qualitative extension ofvisitor surveys at festivals and events: mass observation revisited,” Journal of Travel Research, vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 25–30, 1997.
 G. M. S. Dann, “Anomie, ego-enhancement and tourism,” Annals of Tourism Research, vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 184–194, 1977.
 D. Pearce, “The spatial structure of coastal tourism: a behavioural approach,” Tourism Recreation Researc, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 11–14, 1988.
 S. C. Plog, “Why destination areas rise and fall in popularity,” vol. 4, pp. 55–58, 1974.
 S. C. Plog, “Why destination areas rise and fall in popularity,” Cornell Hotel and Restaurant Administration Quarterly, vol. 42, no. 3, pp. 13–24, 2001.
 S. C. Plog, Leisure travel: A marketing handbook. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall, 2004.
 Press release Overall picture of natural catastrophes in 2013 dominated by weather extremes in Europe and Supertyphoon Haiyan. Munich RE Group, 2014.
 Topics. Annual review: Natural catastrophes 2002. Munich RE Group, 2002.
 S. Becken and K. F. D. Hugheyb, “Linking tourism into emergency management structures to enhance disaster risk reduction,” Tourism Management, vol. 36, pp. 77–85, 2013.
 Tourism 2020 project: Don’t risk it! a guide to assist regional tourism organisations to prepare, respond and recover from a crisis. (Online). Available: http://icrtourism.com.au/wp-content/uploads/2013/ 11/2 Dont-Risk-It-for-RTOs.pdf
 Disaster Risk Reduction in Tourism Destinations. Disaster Reduction through Awareness, Preparedness and Prevention Mechanisms in Coastal Settlements in Asia - Demonstration in Tourism Destinations, United Nations Environment Programme. United Nations Environment Programme, Project supported by the European Union, through its Asia Pro Eco II B – Post Tsunami programme., 2007.
 D. Ruci´nska and M. Lechowicz, “Natural hazard and disaster tourism,” Miscellanea Geographica - Regional Studies on Development, vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 17–25, 2014.
 A. V. Seaton, “Guided by the dark: From thanatopsis to thanatourism,” International Journal of Heritage Studies 2, vol. 2, pp. 234–244, 1996.
 S. Tana´s, “Tanatoturystyka – kontrowesyjne oblicze turystyki kulturowej,” Peregrinus Cracoviensis, vol. 17, pp. 85–100, 2006.
 R. Sharpley, Shedding light on dark tourism: An introduction. The darker side of travel: The theory and practice of dark tourism, ser. Aspect of Tourism Series, R. Sharpley and P. R. Stone, Eds. Bristol: Channel View Publications, 2009.
 D. W. Vitaliano, Legends of the Eatrh. Their Geologic Origins, Indiana University Press, 1973.
 K. Birkett and D. Oldroyd, Robert Hooke, Physico-Mythology, Knowledge of the World of the Ancients and Knowledge of the Ancient World, ser. The Uses of Antiquity, Australasian Studies in History and Philosophy of Science, S. Gaukroger, Ed. Springer Netherlands, 1991, vol. 10.
 A. Mayor, Geomythology, forthcoming, elsevier ed., R. Selley, R. Cocks, and P. I, Eds. Enclopedia of Geology, 2004.
 D. W. Hamacher, Comet and Meteorite Traditions of Aboriginal Australians, Encyclopaedia of the History of Science, H. Selin, Ed. Springer Netherlands, 2014.
 R. S. Ludwin, C. P. Thrush, K. James, D. Buerge, C. Jonientz-Trisler, J. Rasmussen, K. Troost, and A. Angeles, “Serpent spirit-power stories along the seattle fault,” Seismological Research Letters, vol. 76, no. 4, pp. 426–431, 2005.
 F. H. Davis, Myths and Legends of Japan. New York : Dover Publications, 1992.
 N. B. Emerson, Unwritten Literature of Hawaii. The Sacred Songs of the Hula. Govt. Print. Off., 1909.
 J. P. Ii, Fragments of Hawaiian History, D. B. Barrere, Ed. Bishop Museum Press, Hawai‘i’s, 1959.
 D. L. Oliver, Polynesia in Early Historic Times. Bess Press Honolulu, 2002.
 J. Ferracane. (2013) Hawai‘i volcanoes attracted 1,583,209 visitors in 2013. (Online). Available: http://www.nps.gov/havo/learn/news/ 2013visitation.html
 P. D. Nunn, “Geohazards and myths: ancient memories of rapid coastal change in the asia-pacific region and their value to future adaptation,” Geoscience Letters, vol. 1, no. 3, 2014.
 R. P. Norris and D. W. Hamacher, “The astronomy of aboriginal australia,” The Role of Astronomy in Society and Culture, 2009.
 D. W. Hamacher and R. P. Norris, “Australian aboriginal geomythology: Eyewitness accounts of cosmic impacts?” Archaeoastronomy, vol. 22, pp. 60–93, 2010.
 D. Hamacher and D. Frew, “An aboriginal australian record of the great eruption of eta carinae,” Journal for Astronomical History and Heritage, vol. 13, no. 3, 2010.
 L. Piccardi and W. B. Masse, Myth and. Geology. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 2007, vol. 273.
 J. Kripenndorf, Understanding the Impact of Leisure and Travel. Oxford : Butterworth-Heinemann, 1987.
 M. Foley and J. J. Lennon, “Jfk and dark tourism – a fascination with assassination,” International Journal of Heritage Studies, vol. 2, no. 4, 1996.
 P. Stone, Dark tourism: Morality and new moral spaces., ser. Aspect of Tourism Series, R. Sharpley and P. R. Stone, Eds. Bristol: Channel View Publications, 2009.
 C. Rojek, Ways of escape: Modern transformations in leisure and travel. London: MacMillan, 1993.
 I. Cossart. (2015) Post katrina tour. (Online). Available: http: //www.toursbyisabelle.com/katrina-tour.html
 A. Bezlova. (2009) China: Cashing in on ‘earthquake tourism’? inter. (Online). Available: http://www.ipsnews.net/2009/ 05/china-cashing-in-on-lsquoearthquake-tourismrsquo/