Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 30379
Role of Organic Wastewater Constituents in Iron Redox Cycling for Ferric Sludge Reuse in the Fenton-Based Treatment

Authors: A. Goi, M. Trapido, J. Bolobajev

Abstract:

The practical application of the Fenton-based treatment method for organic compounds-contaminated water purification is limited mainly because of the large amount of ferric sludge formed during the treatment, where ferrous iron (Fe(II)) is used as the activator of the hydrogen peroxide oxidation processes. Reuse of ferric sludge collected from clarifiers to substitute Fe(II) salts allows reducing the total cost of Fenton-type treatment technologies and minimizing the accumulation of hazardous ferric waste. Dissolution of ferric iron (Fe(III)) from the sludge to liquid phase at acidic pH and autocatalytic transformation of Fe(III) to Fe(II) by phenolic compounds (tannic acid, lignin, phenol, catechol, pyrogallol and hydroquinone) added or present as water/wastewater constituents were found to be essentially involved in the Fenton-based oxidation mechanism. Observed enhanced formation of highly reactive species, hydroxyl radicals, resulted in a substantial organic contaminant degradation increase. Sludge reuse at acidic pH and in the presence of ferric iron reductants is a novel strategy in the Fenton-based treatment application for organic compounds-contaminated water purification.

Keywords: Water Treatment, organic pollutant, ferric iron reductant, Ferric sludge reuse

Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1123620

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1048

References:


[1] W. G. Barb, J. H. Baxendale, P. George, and K. R. Hargrave, “Reactions of ferrous and ferric ions with hydrogen peroxide. Part I. – The ferrous ion reaction,” Trans. Faraday Soc., vol. 47, pp. 462-500, Jan. 1951.
[2] E. G. Garrido-Ramírez, B. K. G. Theng, and M. L. Lora, “Clays and oxide minerals as catalysts and nanocatalysts in Fenton-like reactions – A review,” Appl. Clay Sci., vol. 47, no. 3-4, pp. 182-192, Feb. 2010.
[3] Y. Segura, F. Martínez, and J. A. Melero, “Effective pharmaceutical wastewater degradation by Fenton oxidation with zero-valent iron,” Appl. Catal. B Environ., vol. 136-137, pp. 64-69, June 2013
[4] W. Wang, M. Zhou, Q. Mao, J. Yue, X. Wang, “Novel NaY zeolite-supported nanoscale zero-valent iron as an efficient heterogeneous Fenton catalyst,” Catal. Commun., vol. 11, no. 11, pp. 937-941, June 2010.
[5] M. Aleksić, H. Kušić, N. Koprivanac, D. Leszczynska, A. Lončarić Božić, “Heterogeneous Fenton type processes for the degradation of organic dye pollutant in water – The application of zeolite assisted AOPs,” Desalination, vol. 257, no. 1-3, pp. 22-29, July 2010.
[6] S. Fukuchi, R. Nishimoto, M. Fukushima, Q. Zhu, “Effects of reducing agents on the degradation of 2,4,6-tribromophenol in a heterogeneous Fenton-like system with an iron-loaded natural zeolite,” Appl. Catal. B Environ., vol. 147, pp. 411-419, Apr. 2014.
[7] J. De Laat and H. Gallard, “Catalytic decomposition of hydrogen peroxide by Fe(III) in homogeneous aqueous solution: mechanism and kinetic modelling,” Environ. Sci. Technol., vol. 33, no. 16, pp. 2726-2732, July 1999.
[8] I. Levchuk, J. J. Rueda-Márquez, S. Suihkonen, M. A. Manzano, M. Sillanpää, “Application of UVA-LED based photocatalysis for plywood mill wastewater treatment,” Sep. Purif. Technol., vol. 143, pp. 1-5, Mar. 2016.
[9] D. Pokhrel and T. Viraraghavan, “Treatment of pulp and paper mill wastewater – a review,” Sci. Total Environ., vol. 333, no. 1-3, pp. 37-58, Oct. 2004.
[10] A. Goi, Y. Veressinina, M. Trapido, “The Fenton process for landfill leachate treatment: evaluation of biodegradability and toxicity,” J. Environ. Eng-ASCE, vol. 136, no. 1, pp. 46-53, Jan. 2010.
[11] B. Halliwell, J. M. C. Gutteridge, and O. I. Aruoma, “The deoxyribose method: a simple test tube assay for determination of rate constants for reactions with of hydroxyl radicals, Anal. Biochem., vol. 165, no. 1, pp. 215-219, Aug. 1987.
[12] E. Merck, The testing of water, Merck, Darmstadt, 1994.
[13] Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater, 21th ed., A. D. Eaton, L. S. Clesceri, E. W. Rice, A. E. Greenberg, Eds., Washington, DC: APHA-AWWA-WEF, 2005.
[14] M. B. Kloster, “Determination of tannin and lignin,” J. Am. Water Works Assoc., vol. 66, no. 1, 44-51.
[15] ISO 6439, Water quality – Determination of phenol index – 4-Aminoantipyrine spectrometric methods after distillation, Geneva: International Organization for Standardization, 1990.
[16] J. J. Pignatello, E. Oliveros and A. MacKay, “Advanced oxidation processes for organic contaminant destruction based on the Fenton reaction and related chemistry,” Crit. Rev. Env. Sci. Tec., vol. 36, no. 1, pp. 1-84, Jan. 2007.
[17] S. S. Lin and M. D. Gurol, “Catalytic decomposition of hydrogen peroxide on iron oxide: kinetics, mechanisms, and implications,” Environ. Sci. Technol., vol. 32, no. 10, pp. 1417-1423, Apr. 1998.
[18] W. P. Jencks and J. Regenstein, “Ionization constants of acids and bases,” in Handbook of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 4th ed., R. R. Lundblad and F. M. Macdonald, Eds., Oxford: CRC Press, 2010, ch. 67.
[19] J. Magdalena Santana-Casiano, M. Gonzáles-Dávila, A. G. Gonzáles, F. J. Millero, “Fe(III) reduction in the presence of catechol in seawater,” Aquat. Geochem., vol. 16, pp. 467-482, Jan. 2010.
[20] T. L. Theis and P. C. Singer, “Complexation of iron(II) by organic matter and its effect on iron(II) oxygenation,” Environ. Sci. Technol., vol. 8, no. 6, pp. 569-573, June 1974.
[21] M. J. Hynes and M. Ó. Coinceanainn, “The kinetics and mechanisms of the reaction of iron(III) with gallic acid, gallic acid methyl ester and catechin,” J. Inorg. Biochem., vol. 85, no. 2-3, pp. 131-142, June 2001.
[22] I. Mueller-Harvey, “Analysis of hydrolysable tannins,” Anim. Feed Sci. Technol., vol. 91, no. 1-2, pp. 3-20, May 2001.
[23] S. Sungur and A. Uzar, “Investigation of complexes tannic acid and myricetin with Fe(III), Spectrochim. Acta A, vol. 69, no. 1, pp. 225-229, Jan. 2008.
[24] J. D. Hem, “Complexes of ferrous iron with tannic acid,” U.S. Geological Survey Water-Supply Paper, 1459-D, Washington: U. S. Government Printing Office, 1960, pp. 75-94.
[25] B. Sulzberger, D. Sutter, C. Siffert, S. Bannwart, W. Stumm, “Dissolution of iron(III) (hydr)oxides in natural waters, laboratory assessment on the kinetics controlled by surface coordination,” Mar. Chem., vol. 28, no. 1-3, pp. 127-144, Dec. 1989.
[26] K.-H. Kung and M. B. McBride, “Electron transfer processes between hydroquinone and iron oxides,” Clay Clay Miner., vol. 36, no. 4, pp. 303-309, 1988.
[27] R. Chen and J. J. Pignatello, “Role of quinone intermediates as electron shuttles in Fenton and photoassisted Fenton oxidations of aromatic compounds,” Environ. Sci. Technol., vol. 31, no. 8, pp. 2399- 2406, July 1997.
[28] H. Iwanashi, H. Morishita, T. Ishii, R. Sugata, R. Kido, “Enhancement by catechols of hydroxyl-radical formation in the presence of ferric ions and hydrogen peroxide, J. Biochem., vol. 105, no. 3, pp. 429-434, Mar. 1989.
[29] J. Rodríguez, D. Contreras, C. Parra, J. Freer, J. Baeza, N. Durán, “Pulp mill effluent treatment by Fenton-type reactions catalysed by iron-complexes,” Water Sci. Technol., vol. 40, no. 11-12, pp. 351-355, Dec. 1999.
[30] K. V. Sarkanen and C. H. Ludwig, Lignins: Occurrence, Formation, Structure and Reactions, Wiley-Interscience, New-York, 1971.