Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 30075
Nutritional Composition of Selected Wild Fruits from Minna Area of Niger State, Nigeria

Authors: John O. Jacob, Abdullahi Mann, Olanrewaju I. Adeshina, Mohammed M. Ndamitso

Abstract:

Strychnos spinosa, Detarium microcarpum, Diospyros mespiliformis, Dialium guineese and Gardenia ternifolia are some of the wild fruits consume in the villages around Minna, Niger State. This investigation was conducted to assess the nutritional potentials of these fruits both for human consumption and for possible application in animal feed formulations. Standard analytical methods were employed in the determination of the various nutritional parameters. The proximate analysis results showed that the moisture contents ranged between (6.17-10.70%); crude fat (2.04-8.85%); crude protein (5.16-6.80%); crude fibre (7.23-19.65%); Ash (3.46-5.56%); carbohydrate (57.77-69.79%); energy value (284.49-407 kcal/mg); Vitamin C (7.2-39.93 mg/100g). The mineral analysis shows that the selected wild fruits could contribute considerable amount of both micro and macro elements to human nutrition potassium, sodium and calcium range between; potassium (343.27-764.71%); sodium (155.04-348.44%); calcium (52.47-101%). The macro element for the fruits pulp were in the order K>Na>Mg>Ca, hence, they could be included in diet to supplement daily nutrient requirement and in animal feed formulations. The domestication of these fruits is also encouraged.

Keywords: Minerals, nutrition, supplements, wild fruits.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1123618

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1486

References:


[1] H. A. Umar, R. Adamu, D. Dahiru, M. S. Nadro, “Levels of Anti-nutritional factors in some wild edible fruits of Northern Nigeria,” Afr. J. Biotech., vol. 6, no. 16, pp. 1935- 1938, 2007.
[2] C. Ahmad, E. Werner, “Ethnobotanical knowledge on indigenous fruits in Ohangwena and Oshikoto regions in Northern Namibia,” J. Ethnobiol. Ethnomed, vol. 9, pp. 34, 2013.
[3] M. Isabelle, B. L. Lee, M. T. Lim, W. P. Koh, D. Huang, C. N. Ong, “Anti-oxidant activity and profiles of common fruits in Singapore,” Food Chem., vol. 123, pp. 77-84, 2010.
[4] A. A. Mariod, E. S. M. Mohamed, B. A. Ahmad, I. A. Siddig, “Detarium microcarpum fruit proximate chemical analysis and sensory characteristics of concentrated juice and jam,” Afr. J. Biotech., Vol. 8. no. 17, pp. 4217-4221, 2009.
[5] A. M. F. Kouyate, P. VanDamme, “Detarium microcarpum Guill. & Perr.” In: G. H. Schmelzer, A. Gurib-Fakim (Editors), Medicinal plants/Plantes médicinales. PROTA, Wageningen, Netherlands, Prota vol. 11, no. 1, 2006, Retrieved from http://database.prota.org/ PROTA.html/Detarium%20microcarpum_En.htm.
[6] H. Vautier, M. Sanon, M. Sacande, “Detarium microcarpum” Guill. & Perr. Seed leaflet 122, Forest and Landscape Denmark, 2007.
[7] E. Chivandi, K. H. Erlwanger, B. C. Davidson. “Lipid contents and Fatty acid profile of the fruit seeds of Diospyros mespiliformis,” Internat. J. Integrat. Biol., Vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 121-124, 2009.
[8] H. H. El-Kamali “Diospyros mespiliformis” Hochst. ex ADC. Record from PROTA4U., 2011.
[9] S. Hoet, L. Pieters, G. G. Muccioli, “Antitrypanosomal activity of triterpenoids and sterols from the leaves of Strychnos spinosa and related compounds.” J. Nat. Prdt. Vol. 70, pp. 1360-1363, 2007.
[10] E. O. Okegbile, E. A. Taiwo, “Nutritional Potentials of Velvet Tamarind (Dialium guineense Wild),” Nig. Food J. vol. 8, 115-121, 1990.
[11] F. G. Osanaiye, M. A. Alabi, R. M. Sunday, T. Olowokere, E. T. Salami, T. A. Otunla, S. C. Odiaka. “Proximate Composition of Whole Seeds and Pulp of African Black Velvet Tamarind (Dialium guineense),” J. Agric. Vet. Sci.vol. 5, pp. 49-52, 2013.
[12] T. O. Adepoju, “Proximate composition and micronutrient potentials of three locally available wild fruits in Nigeria,” Afri. J. of Agric. Res.vol. 4, no. 9, pp. 887-892, 2009.
[13] A. Mann, M. Gbate, N. U. Umar, Medicinal and economic plants of Nupeland. Jube Evans Books and Publications. First edition, 2003, pp105-220.
[14] I. U. Karaye, A. A. Aliero, S. Muhammad, L. S. Bilbis, “Evaluation of Nutrient and Anti-nutrient Contents of Selected Nigerian Cucurbits Seeds.” Res. J.Pharmaceut. Biol.Chem. Sci., vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 136 -137, 2013.
[15] Association of Official Analytical Chemist (AOAC), Official methods of analysis 17th edition. Washington DC, USA, 2000.
[16] G. Onwuka, Food analysis and instrumentation. Naphohla Prints. Third edition, 2005, pp. 133-161.
[17] C. M. Elinge, A. Muhammad, A. A. Siaka, F. A. Atiku, A. S. Hannatu, I. J. Peni, Y. Yahaya, “Nutritional and Antinutritional composition of Pumpkin (Cucurbita pepo) pulp,” J. Adv. Food Energy Sec., vol. 2, pp. 22-28, 2012.
[18] A. Uzomah, O. S. Odusanya, “Mucuna sloanei, Detarium microcarpum and Brachystegia eurycoma seeds: A preliminary study of their starch-hydrocolloids system,” Afr. J. Food Sci., vol. 5, no. 13, pp. 733-740, 2011.
[19] I. T. Gbadamosi, J. O. Moody, A. O. Yekini, “Nutritional Composition of ten Ethnobotanicals used for the Treatment of Anaemia in Southwest Nigeria,” Eur. J. Med. Plants, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 140-150, 2012.
[20] J. O. Amarteifio, M. O. Mosase, “The chemical composition of selected indigenous fruits of Botswana,” J. of Sci. Appl. Env. Manag., vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 437-442, 2006.
[21] C. T. Lockett, C. C. Calvert, L. E. Grivetti, “Energy and micronutrient composition of dietary and medicinal wild plants during drought. Study of rural Fulanis of North Eastern Nigeria,”. Internat. J. Food Sci. Nutr,. Vol. 5, pp. 195-208, 2000.
[22] G. I. Onwuka, S. O. Nwokorie, “Cooperative studies of the winning potentials of black tamarind local grape fruit and exotic apple,” J. Food Tech., vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 350- 353, 2006.
[23] M. O. Bello, O. S. Falade, S. R. A. Adewusi, N. O. Olawore, “Studies on the chemical compositions and anti-nutrients of some lesser known Nigeria fruits,” Afr. J. of Biotech. Vol. 7, no 21, 3972-3979, 2008.
[24] C. F. Ambrose, O. F. A. Ibiam, “Pre and post-harvest fungi associated with fruit rot diseases of Dialium guineenses wild and their effects on the nutrients of the fruit pulp,” J. of Biol. Chem. Res., vol. 30, no. 1, 310-318, 2013.
[25] N. E. Obasi, C. Okorocha, O. F. Orisakwe, “Production and evaluation of velvet tamarind (dialium guineese wild) candy,” Eur. J. Food Sci. Tech.., vol. 1, no. 1, 1-8, 2013.
[26] M. C. Dike, E. A. Nnamdi, “Comparative study of proximate, phytochemical and mineral compositions of edible plant fruits/seeds from Nigerian rainforest,” Internat. J. Biol. Chem. Sci., vol. 6, no. 4, 1905-1909, 2002.
[27] B. A. Anhwange, V. O. Ajibola, S. J. Oniye, “Chemical studies of Moringa oleifera and Detarium microcarpum seeds,” J. Biol. Sci., vol. 4, no. 6,711-715, 2004.
[28] M. I. Bunu, S. M. Dangoggo, A. Uba2, Y. Saidu, “Study of Proximate, mineral and anti-nutrient composition of Punica granatum seeds from North-Western Nigeria, and Saudi Arabia,” Researchers, vol. 4, no. 4, 4-9, 2012.
[29] K. O. Soetan, C. O. Olaiya, O. E. Oyewole, “The importance of mineral elements for humans, domestic animals and plants: A review, Afr. J. Food Sci., vol. 4, no. 5, 200- 222, 2010.
[30] M. A. Vunchi, A. N. Umar, M. A. King, A. A. Liman, G. Jeremiah, C. O. Aigbe, “Proximate, Vitamins and Mineral Composition of Vitex doniana (black plum) Fruit Pulp,” Nig. J. Basic Appl. Sci., vol. 19, no. 1, 97-101, 2011.